User-Based Free Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Free innovation is a tightly constrained subset of commons-based peer production , - also known as open, collaborative innovation. In contrast, while free innovation has potentially important economic impacts, it’s fundamentally not about money.

AI Technologies Are Fundamentally Changing How Work Gets Done

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

After decades of promise and hype, artificial intelligence is finally becoming one of the most important technologies of our era. AI technologies, like machine learning, are clearly having a major impact on the very nature of work.

Insiders

Sign Up for our Newsletter

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

Technology, Resources and Innovation

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

Take that base scaffolding and then wrap a learning community around it, based on great teaching, great technology, and the power it provides. I see that technology today, in pockets. We could develop courses by ourselves pre-technology. technology standards. The stovepipe innovations - why are you settling for it? We have all the technology, but we just aren’t demanding it yet. Without mobile technology it will be impossible to reach their goal.

The Current State of Open Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In January, UC Berkeley professor Henry Chesbrough published Open Innovation Results : Going Beyond the Hype and Getting Down to Business, his fourth book on innovation in the last two decades. Chesbrough is adjunct professor and faculty director of the Garwood Center for Corporate Innovation at UC Berkeley’s Haas School of Business. He’s credited with coining the term open innovation in his 2003 book of the same title. Business model innovation.

What is innovation?

Harold Jarche

In writing almost 100 posts on innovation since 2007, it’s time to put the core observations together into a cohesive narrative. Innovation is fifteen different things to fifteen different people. “An innovation is the implementation of a new or significantly improved product (good or service), or process, a new marketing method, or a new organisational method in business practices, workplace organisation or external relations.” An Innovation Process?

Can technology improve business innovation?

Dion Hinchcliffe

Useful innovation is one of the most meaningful outputs of human creativity. Today, technological aids are increasingly employed to improve and amplify the innovation process. Now new social methods, especially crowdsourcing, have fundamentally altered how innovation is achieved and even who does it. CXO Emerging Tech Enterprise Software Enterprise 2.0 Tech Industry Social Enterprise

Technology, Marketing and Storytelling

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

My personal experiences with e-business, - and subsequent ones with Linux and other initiatives, - have sensitized me to the importance of storytelling in business and marketing, especially when introducing a disruptive innovation in the marketplace and/or needing to revitalize a troubled brand. . Digital technologies, - mobile, cloud, social, Internet of Things, big data and analytics, AI… - are transforming just about every aspect of business.

Disruptive Innovation Revisited

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The recent New Yorker article, - The Disruption Machine: What the gospel of innovation gets wrong , - by Harvard history professor Jill Lepore , has led to a flurry of opinions on disruptive innovation. The New Yorker described the article as “Rethinking the innovation craze.” Others called it an “absolutely devastating takedown of disruptive innovation,” a concept that Lepore said is a “competitive strategy for an age seized by terror.”

The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2018

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

For the past several years, the World Economic Forum (WEF) has published an annual list of the Top Ten Emerging Technologies that would be potentially disruptive over the next three to five years while also providing significant benefits to economies and societies. The Top Ten Emerging Technologies 2018 was released in September, 2018. The full report includes a longer, one-page description of each of these technologies.

Disruptive Innovation

Clark Quinn

I recently came across a document (PDF) about disruptive innovation based upon Clayton Christensen’s models, which I’d heard about but hadn’t really penetrated. This one was presented around higher education innovation (a topic I’ve some familiarity with ;), so it provided a good basis for me to explore the story. The model’s premise is that disruption requires two major things: a technology enabler and a business model innovation.

Are Innovation and R&D Yielding Decreasing Returns?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Given the pace of technological change, we tend to think of our age as the most innovative ever. These innovations, first developed in the late 19th and early 20th century, have long been transforming the lives of billions. Innovation may be hitting a wall of diminishing returns. But, Cowen believes that we are at a technological plateau, and wonders whether long term growth is still possible because the supply of low-hanging economic fruit is nearly exhausted.

questioning technology

Harold Jarche

The innovation that will save human work will be new business and operating models. Perhaps hierarchies are a ‘ technology ‘ we no longer need to organize as a society. We should take a lesson from the Luddites, who were not anti-technology but understood that certain groups were trying to monopolize the new technology. Let’s speak up and take control of ‘our’ technologies. “We So let us think about the history of technology.

The Puzzling Economic Impact of Transformative Technologies

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

“General purpose technologies (GPTs) are engines for growth ,…” wrote Erik Brynjolfsson , Daniel Rock , and Chad Syverson in The Productivity J-Curve , a working paper recently published by the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER). “These are the defining technologies of their times and can radically change the economic environment.

The Science of Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Innovation - identified by MIT economist and Nobel laureate Robert Solow as the driver of long-term, sustainable economic growth and prosperity - has been a hallmark of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since its inception.” Thus starts The MIT Innovation Initiative: Sustaining and Extending a Legacy of Innovation , the preliminary report of a yearlong effort to define the innovation needed to address some of the world’s most challenging problems.

Disruptive Innovation Revisited

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Disruptive innovation was first introduced by Harvard Business School professor Clayton Christensen in a 1995 Harvard Business Review (HBR) paper co-written with Joseph Bower. The concept was further elaborated and popularized in Christensen’s 1997 bestseller The Innovator's Dilemma , and in the articles and books he’s written or co-authored since then. 20 years after its introduction, Christensen has revisited his original concept in What is Disruptive Innovation? ,

Educational Research in Learning Technology

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

Kerr in this recent post , about how research in educational technology could be improved, but I have disagreements around the edges, enough that I think more discussion is warranted. Also, while Kerr is more focused on artificial intelligence in education (AIEd) research, I will address my remarks to learning technology more generally. Here are just a few: - access - it is demonstrably true that educational technology has increased access.

Technological Unemployment and the Future of Work

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Few topics are as important, - and as challenging to anticipate, - than the future of work given our justifiable fears of rising technological unemployment. One such discussion took place this past September at the The World Summit on Technological Unemployment in New York. I moderated a panel on Technology and the Future of Work, where MIT economist David Autor and NY Times reporter John Markoff talked about their most recent work.

Where is Technology Taking the Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I recently read Where is Technology Taking the Economy? , The first era, in the 1970s and 1980s, brought us Moore’s law and the dramatic advances in semiconductor technologies. And data can’t easily be owned either, it can be garnered from nonproprietary sources… if past technology revolutions are indicative, we will see entirely new industries spring up we hadn’t even thought of.”. But, as we well know, there are serious downsides to technology-based automation.

Innovation and National Security in the 21st Century

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

“Countries that can harness the current wave of innovation, mitigate its potential disruptions, and capitalize on its transformative power will gain economic and military advantages over potential rivals,” was the top finding of the Innovation and National Security Task Force which was commissioned by the Council of Foreign Relations (CFR) to assess the current state of US technological innovation. US decades-old leadership in innovation and R&D is now at risk.

Gender Diversity, Empathy and Technology

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

What’s the value of gender diversity in technology-based disciplines? Is gender diversity an asset for technology-based companies? Are men inherently better than women at technology-based jobs? But, while much research remains to be done, let’s accept the conclusions of the E-S theory, and consider a different question: Are empathy and related soft capabilities important, - for males as well as females, - even in the hard world of technology?

The MIT Inclusive Innovation Competition

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

About three years ago, MIT launched the Initiative on the Digital Economy (IDE), a major effort focused on the broad changes brought about by the relentless advances of digital technologies. As i ts website explains: “While digital technologies are rapidly transforming both business practices and societies and are integral to the innovation-driven economies of the future, they are also the core driver of the great economic paradox of our time.

The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2017

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Earlier this year, Scientific American , in collaboration with the World Economic Forum , published a special report on The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2017. These technologies, - selected by a global panel of experts , - “are expected to become increasingly commonplace in the next few years,” and are “attracting increased funding or showing other signs of being ready to move to the next level.”. The full report includes a one-page description of each of these technologies.

Robocalypse Now? Technology, Productivity and Employment

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

they asked in the paper’s abstract. “Canonical economic theory says no, but much recent economic theory says maybe - that is, rapid advances in machine capabilities may curtail aggregate labor demand as technology increasingly encroaches on human job tasks.”. But, “In the end, the fears of the Luddites that machinery would impoverish workers were not realized, and the main reason is well understood,” noted a 2015 article on the history of technological anxiety.

Automation Technologies and the Future of Work

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Last year, McKinsey launched a multi-year study to explore the potential impact of automation technologies on jobs, organizations and the future of work. “Can we look forward to vast improvements in productivity, freedom from boring work, and improved quality of life?,” It found that 45% of work activities could be automated using existing, state-of-the-art technologies. According to McKinsey, “fewer than 5 percent of occupations can be entirely automated using current technology.

Serverless Computing - An Innovative Approach to Software Development

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In the lead article , technology editor Ludwig Siegele defined cloud computing by first giving a very succinct history of computing: “In the beginning computers were human. Computing power will become more and more disembodied and will be consumed where and when it is needed… It will allow digital technology to penetrate every nook and cranny of the economy and of society…”. I first came across the term in a Forrester report on the Top Emerging Technologies to Watch in 2018.

Can technology improve business innovation?

Dion Hinchcliffe

Useful innovation is one of the most meaningful outputs of human creativity. Today, technological aids are increasingly employed to improve and amplify the innovation process. Now new social methods, especially crowdsourcing, have fundamentally altered how innovation is achieved and even who does it. Software

The 2016 MIT Inclusive Innovation Awards

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Several months ago, MIT’s Initiative on the Digital Economy launched its first annual Inclusive Innovation Competition (IIC). Instead of competing on creating the most advanced technologies or compelling startups, the IIC is focused on innovations aimed at improving the economic opportunities of middle- and low-income earners around the world. Let me close by explaining why I feel particularly proud to be associated with the Inclusive Innovation Competition.

Disruptive Innovations and Large Companies

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The subject of my seminar was Managing Technology-based Disruptive Innovations. Given my long career at IBM, as well as my more recent involvement with Citi, it is not surprising that I am particularly interested in entrepreneurship and innovation in large companies. Its lead article defined the term as: “somebody who offers an innovative solution to a (frequently unrecognised) problem. Startups are generally organized around one central innovation.

The Blockchain and Open Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Transformational innovations don’t always play out as originally envisioned. But, as with the Internet, the Web and other major technologies, the blockchain has now transcended its original objective. In addition to developing standards and organizing promotional activities, these various organization make available open source implementations of their software releases, thus encouraging collaborative, open innovation.

The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2016

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

For the past several years, the World Economic Forum (WEF) has published an annual list of the Top Ten Emerging Technologies that would likely have the greatest impact on the world in the years to come. The list is compiled by the WEF Meta-Council on Emerging Technologies , a panel of global experts led by Dr. Bernard Meyerson , - IBM Fellow and Chief Innovation Officer. The technologies on the list are not new.

The 2018 MIT Inclusive Innovation Challenge

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In 2016, MIT’s Initiative on the Digital Economy launched its first annual Inclusive Innovation Challenge (IIC). The key objective of the IIC is to help create greater shared prosperity around the world by awarding over one million dollars in prizes each year to to entrepreneurs that are leveraging technology advances to reinvent the future of work. Technology Access. The tablet uses a novel actuating technology to create tactile text and graphics in real time.

Fostering an Innovation Culture: Talent, Discipline and Leadership

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Innovation has been a hot topic for the past few decades. Companies all over the world have integrated innovation into their overall strategies and marketing campaigns. Nations and regions have launched innovation initiatives in an attempt to attract such companies and their accompanying well-paying jobs. But, as I have learned over my long career , managing innovation initiatives is actually quite hard, much harder than it may at first appear.

It's All About the Business Model, - Not the Technology

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In Reinvent Your Business Model , his recently published book, Mark Johnson argues that digital transformation and business model innovation are not the same thing. New technology alone, - no matter how transformative, - is not enough to propel a business into the future. The business model wrapped around the technology is the key to its success or failure. Why are so few big companies engaged in business model innovation? Technology-enabled business models.

Technology and the Future of Media

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Most everyone will agree that advances in information and communication technologies (ICT) are radically transforming the business landscape. Internet users already spend 20–30% of their time online, mainly engaging with media content… Globalization, deregulation, technological innovation and the convergence of previously separate industries such as media, entertainment, information, and consumer electronics, have created a somewhat turbulent media landscape.”.

Market-facing Innovation Labs

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As technologies and markets changed, most such labs declined in importance over the next twenty years. But, they are being reincarnated in our 21st century information economy as market-facing innovation labs, with significantly different and broader scopes than those of the original industrial economy research labs. The rate and pace of technology advances significantly accelerated. is rapidly disappearing, especially in the information-technology industry.

Embracing Disruptive Innovations: Organizational Challenges

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I was asked to talk about the organizational challenges that companies generally face when embracing disruptive innovations like those being developed by ID3. Given that I had 15 minutes for my introductory remarks, I distilled them into three key points: the need for a clear, compelling strategy that the whole organization can rally around; the management of disruptive innovation initiatives; and the importance of top-down leadership and support.

Steve Jobs Death: End of Technology Innovation?

Nine Shift

Does the death of Steve Jobs mark the beginning of the end of technology innovation in this century? Steve Jobs was one of the great titans of technology in the 21st Century. So we can reasonably expect most of the major technologies of this century to have been invented by 2020. Is it the beginning of the end of technology innovation? Tell us your thoughts. In the last century, almost every invention was created by 1920.

Organizational Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Almost seventy years ago, Austrian economist Joseph Schumpeter popularized the term creative destruction to describe the process of transformation that accompanies disruptive innovation. In Schumpeter's vision of capitalism, innovative entry by entrepreneurs was the force that sustained long-term economic growth, even as it destroyed the value of established companies that enjoyed some degree of monopoly power.

Revolutionary, Ordinary Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

While the Square technology is very cool indeed, Davidoff’s key point is the ordinary nature of the innovation in question. The deal not only has the potential to change the way people pay for coffee and everything else, it also shows how small innovation applied to everyday tasks may be the next new thing for venture capital. Call it the rise of the ordinary innovators. Such major lab-based disruptive technologies are at one end of the innovation spectrum.

knowledge-sharing, post-technology

Harold Jarche

Given the diminishing choices, enterprise knowledge-sharing today is even less about the technology. Quite often the largest share of the budget in any ‘digital workplace’ initiative goes toward the technology. Once any social technology platform has been installed, modelling cooperative work behaviours becomes an organizational challenge. Social networks give access to a diversity of knowledge and opinions that can promote innovate thinking and ideas for new practices.

The “Recombinant” Nature of Digital Innovations

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Customer self-service is an excellent example of recombinant innovations , which UC Davis professor Andrew Hargadon defines as innovations that “rather than chasing whole new ideas, [are] focused on recombining old ideas in new ways.” The basic premise behind these kinds of innovations is the search for breakthrough ideas that might lead to the creation of new products, markets and industries based on novel combinations of existing technologies .

The MIT 2017 Inclusive Innovation Challenge

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The MIT Initiative on the Digital Economy (IDE) was organized in 2013 by Erik Brynjolfsson and Andy McAfee to examine the impact of digital technologies on the world. How can we accelerate the transformation of institutions, organizations, and human skills to keep up with the quickening pace of digital innovation? To help come up with breakthrough, real-world answers to these tough questions, IDE launched the MIT Inclusive Innovation Challenge (IIC) last year.

Are Innovation and R&D Yielding Decreasing Returns?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Given the pace of technological change, we tend to think of our age as the most innovative ever. These innovations, first developed in the late 19th and early 20th century, have long been transforming the lives of billions. Innovation may be hitting a wall of diminishing returns. But, Cowen believes that we are at a technological plateau, and wonders whether long term growth is still possible because the supply of low-hanging economic fruit is nearly exhausted.