Scaling in complex systems

Dave Snowden

Naturally I have done a lot more thinking since then but the fundamentals remain: you don’t scale a complex system by aggregation or imitation but be decomposition to an optimal level of granularity followed by recombination (possible exadaptive recombination).

What’s next for educational software?

George Siemens

Most educational software instantiates physical learning spaces. This is reflected in learning management systems, virtual classrooms, and interactive whiteboards. Instead of creating central spaces of learning, our focus (and reflected in Stephen’s grsshopper software) in subsequent courses turned to encouraging students to own their own learning spaces. Educational software in common use today assumes that structure exists a priori.

Trending Sources

Online Newspaper Software

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

Drupal & Hosted Drupal Newspapers Running on Drupal This is a demo site showcasing newspapers running on Drupal, a popular open source content management system. Major Commercial PageSuite Commercial software, pricing not available, demo not functioning. ZMags Apears to be more of a commerce server, but has something they call online newspaper software. System information here. Bondware Newspaper website software.

Learning and Performance Support Systems

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

This post is to introduce you to our Learning and Performance Support Systems program, a new $19 million 5-year initiative at the National Research Council that I will be leading.

Cognitive Systems and Big-Data-driven Applications

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In the first week of October I participated in a Cognitive Systems Colloquium hosted by IBM at its Thomas J. These systems will learn and interact to provide expert assistance to scientists, engineers, lawyers, and other professionals in a fraction of the time it now takes.” .

Networks and Systems

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

It''s worth parsing this into individual points, because this is (I guess) connectivism from Dron''s perspective: all of which adopt a systems view all of which recognize the distributed nature of knowledge all of which embrace the role of mediating artefacts all of which recognize that more is different all of which adopt a systems perspective all of which describe or proscribe ways to engage in this new ecology. It''s interesting that he makes the point about ''systems'' twice.

Systems Thinking, Safety and Risk Management

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Several participants cited the sharp rise in volume and speed of high-frequency trading over the past decade as an example of a current practice that is potentially increasing volatility and systemic risk in financial markets. Toward the end of the roundtable, the moderator asked us to reflect on the kinds of controls needed to make financial systems more stable and less prone to another major crisis. Financial systems are an example of such complex engineering systems.

Only open systems are effective for knowledge sharing

Harold Jarche

In software programming, the saying is that with enough eyes, all bugs are shallow. Only an open system can ensure this, which is why I highlighted the knowledge sharing paradox. When it comes to knowledge, and learning, only open systems are effective.

Complex Sociotechnical Systems: the Case for a New Field of Study

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Digital technologies are enabling us to develop systems with huge numbers of interconnected components and sophisticated software that infuses them with seemingly unlimited capabilities. We are increasingly able to pull all these capabilities together and develop sociotechnical systems, which combine the powerful, inexpensive and ubiquitous digital technologies with the people and organizations they are transforming.

Embedding social learning into texts and enterprise software

Jay Cross

He worked on the PLATO system for Control Data. Joe told me the PLATO system had a key which enabled you to page the author of the material you were working with. Learning is social. Business is social. People are social. So why are so many of the forays into learning technology anti-social? Friday afternoon I had a delightful conversation with a kindred spirit, Joe Miller. Joe has been marrying people, technology, and learning since the early days.

Real Profitability Part II: classical System Integrators

Martijn Linssen

Still, the quest continues, and this post contains the same calculations for the classical system integrators: Accenture, Capgemini, Logica and Atos Origin. For now, I think youll just feel bad for the poor system integrators - or at least their employees? Business or Pleasure? -

Changing thinking, changing systems

Harold Jarche

“The challenge of the coming century is to change the value system of society. Working smarter embraces the spirit of agile software, action learning, social networks, and parallel developments in many disciplines. Tweet Here are some of the insights and observations that were shared on Twitter this past week. Vaclav Havel” via @BillMcKibben. “Intellectual property is an oxymoron. Ideas can’t be owned. Instead, governments grant exclusive licenses to them.”

Social Software Adoption

Tony Karrer

Not surprising, the terms most closely associated with Adoption are Adoption of Social Software and Adoption of Enterprise 2.0. There are some great resources on this such as: Ten tips for choosing & using social software Adoption of Web 2.0

The Future of High-Performance Work Systems – Towards Meaningful Work

Luis Suarez

And how they themselves, when making use of social software tools, keep augmenting, even more, their already high performing working methods, to the point where the time finding the right experts has now gone down from several hours a week, to perhaps just 5 to 10 minutes.

AI and The Future of Work

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Bit Source is an application development and web design company, dedicated to training former coal miners in Eastern Kentucky to become software developers.

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ICTs in Higher Education Systems of Arab States: Promises and Effective Practices - A Summary Report

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

Karam identified the use of free and open source software as a key enabler of ICTs in education. Sidir described the quality assurance mechanisms centering on the Bologna process in Europe and illustrated how a transnational program can be adapted to a national system.

Where is Technology Taking the Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

From mainframe and supercomputers to PCs and workstation, IT was now being used in a wide variety of applications, from financial services and oil exploration, to computer-aided design and office systems. “The economy for the first time had serious computational assistance.”.

Managing Multiple Learning Managment Systems - The High Cost of Choice

Xyleme

Did you know that today there are approximately 500 Learning Management System vendors in the market? In fact, according to Bersin, 27% of companies utilizing learning management systems today are managing between two to five LMSs, with a small percentage managing six to ten-plus!

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AI, Automation and the US Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

We can expect a great need for highly-skilled software developers and engineers to put AI to practical use across multiple industries. Similarly, t he increased use of robotics will be accompanied by major changes in manufacturing systems.

Minds and Machines

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

With the advent of ERP systems and the Internet in the 1990s, businesses settled on what McAfee and Brynjolfsson call the standard partnership between people and computers. Its central thesis is that our mind is composed of two very different systems of thinking, System 1 and System 2.

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Gender Diversity, Empathy and Technology

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

To understand what might account for such large gender disparities in the incidence of autism, Baron-Cohen formulated the Empathizing-Systemizing theory, which classifies people on the basis of their scores along two key dimensions: empathy (E) and systems (S).

The Emerging Data Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Hardware and software platforms have long raised competitive concerns in the IT industry, due to the economic power of network effects. The Economist’ s May 6 issue referred to data in its cover as the world’s most valuable resource.

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Blockchain and the Future of the Firm

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Advances in IT systems and networks have had a big impact on the nature of firms over the past few decades. Artificial Intelligence Blockchain and Identity Complex Systems Economic Issues Political Issues Smart Systems Society and Culture Technology and Strategy

Digital Twin: Bringing the Physical and Digital Worlds Closer Together

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

A Digital Twin is essentially a computerized companion to a real-world entity, be it an industrial physical asset like a jet engine, an individual’s health profile, or a highly complex system like a city. A few weeks ago I first learned about a relatively new concept - Digital Twin.

Becoming a 21st Century Digital Tinkerer

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Our educational system has long been based on the assumption that learning is mostly about acquiring knowledge as well as critical skills to enable us to apply whatever we learned in school throughout our careers, say 30 - 40 years. When I build a piece of software,… does it work or not?

The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2016

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Systems Metabolic Engineering — “Advances in synthetic biology, systems biology, and evolutionary engineering mean that the list of building block chemicals that can be manufactured better and more cheaply by using plants rather than fossil fuels is growing every year.”.

Becoming a Data-Driven Business: Challenges and Opportunities

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Similarly, the full impact of automobiles was not felt until the mid-20th century with the rise of suburbs, the Interstate Highway system, and the motels, restaurants and gas stations that sprung up all around them. In short, these systems are trained rather than programmed.”.

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Cloud Computing and the Supply Chain of Services

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

At the same time, the costs of managing complex, geographically dispersed supply chains started to come down, - largely driven by global, integrated IT systems and sophisticated supply chain management applications.

The Rise of Winner-Take-All Urbanism

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Whenever a product, service or process is captured in software and digitized, it becomes digital capital and the economics of abundance take over. Earlier this year, Richard Florida published Why America’s Richest Cities Keep Getting Richer in The Atlantic.

The Rise of the Platform Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

IBM’s System 360 family of mainframes, announced in 1964, featured a common hardware architecture and operating system, enabling customers to upgrade their systems with no need to rewrite their applications. What do we mean by a platform ?

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On the Governance of Blockchain: Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In the 1980s, it was quite difficult to get different IT systems to talk to each other. Just sending an e-mail across two different applications from two different vendors was quite a chore, as was sharing information across disparate systems.

What’s the Value of Blockchain?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Blockchain has the potential to transform our economic and social systems, but such a transformation is still many years away. What’s more, the system is rife with fraud. It has the potential to become the system of record for all transactions.

Lean Principles in the Digital Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Lean software development , for example, can be viewed as the agile reaction to the highly structured, heavyweight waterfall-based software methods of the past.

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Serious AI Challenges that Require Our Attention

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Police agencies hope to do more with less by outsourcing their evaluations of crime data to analytics and technology companies that produce predictive policing systems. If properly deployed, the use of data and AI software could be of great help in improving policing and public safety.

The Emergence of Cognitive Computing

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The colloquium, - which was part of IBM’s Centennial celebration, - brought together experts across industry and academia to discuss and debate the direction of four key Grand Challenges at the very leading edge of IT: nano systems, exascale, big data, and cognitive computing. We will be able to design sophisticated, powerful nano systems-on-a-chip that will be totally contained within such a trillion transistor nano device.

Is Blockchain Ready to “Cross the Chasm”? Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Blockchain has the potential to transform our economic and social systems. The cryptocurrency-oriented platforms are mostly based on public, permissionless blockchains and proof-of-work systems.

The MIT 2017 Inclusive Innovation Challenge

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Its service provides point of sale and enterprise management software to informal merchants, helping them grow their business.”. Economic Issues Education and Talent Innovation Management and Leadership Services Innovation Smart Systems Society and Culture

Platforms, Blockchains, and the Evolution of Trust

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Its competitive advantage is its Internet-based reputation systems for trust between hosts and guests, based on the ratings of over 200 million guests.

Digital Identity - the Key to Privacy and Security in the Digital World

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

From time immemorial, our identity systems have been based on face-to-face interactions and on physical documents and processes. But, the transition to a digital economy requires radically different identity systems.

Reflections on the Longevity of Mainframes

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As pointed out in the announcement, the new system is a result of more than $1B in R&D investments over the past four years, resulting in major improvements in performance, security, availability and other key enterprise features. I was a second year college student at the University of Chicago when the System 360 was first announced in April of 1964. The architecture of client-server systems was quite different from that of mainframes.