Where is Technology Taking the Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I recently read Where is Technology Taking the Economy? , The first era, in the 1970s and 1980s, brought us Moore’s law and the dramatic advances in semiconductor technologies. But, as we well know, there are serious downsides to technology-based automation.

Gender Diversity, Empathy and Technology

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

What’s the value of gender diversity in technology-based disciplines? Is gender diversity an asset for technology-based companies? Are men inherently better than women at technology-based jobs? These are questions that have long been discussed.

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The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2016

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

For the past several years, the World Economic Forum (WEF) has published an annual list of the Top Ten Emerging Technologies that would likely have the greatest impact on the world in the years to come. The technologies on the list are not new.

The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2017

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Earlier this year, Scientific American , in collaboration with the World Economic Forum , published a special report on The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2017. Off-Grid Devices Draw Drinking Water from Dry Air - “Sunlight-powered moisture-absorbing technologies are becoming economical”.

knowledge-sharing, post-technology

Harold Jarche

Given the diminishing choices, enterprise knowledge-sharing today is even less about the technology. Then comes the question, what do we do now? Quite often the largest share of the budget in any ‘digital workplace’ initiative goes toward the technology.

Design Principles for Complex, Unpredictable, People Oriented Systems

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

But, they do not work so well when dealing with highly complex systems with fast changing, interacting components, where it is much less clear what is going on in the present, let alone how things will evolve into the future. Design principles are particularly applicable to problems that are socio-technical in nature, that is, they involve people and technology, having to deal both with complex technical, business and societal infrastructures and human behaviors.

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Can AI Help Translate Technological Advances into Strategic Advantage?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic,” is one of the most memorable quotes of science fiction writer Arthur C. But, as we better understand its promise and limitations, technology becomes just another tool we rely on in our work and daily life.

Big Data, Complex Systems and Quantum Mechanics

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In thinking about this question over the last few years, I started to notice that a number of subtle, non-intuitive concepts that I learned many years ago as a physics student seem to apply to the world of big data and information-based predictions in highly complex systems. The concept of wave-particle duality explains that reality depends on what question you are asking and what experiment you perform to answer the question. players, is an example of such a system.

Online Systems for Behavior Change

Tony Karrer

But we want to push for more, so ultimately this post is asking for help, please comment or tweet (add @tonykarrer) on : What online systems have you seen that ultimately drive behavior change? What do these systems do that leads to behavior change? eLearning Technology.

Technology or preparation?

Clark Quinn

In listening to a recent presentation on the trends affecting the workplace and HR, there was mention about how organizations were using more cognitive technology, AI, etc. But one of the things I wondered was whether all the new, smart technology really would help as much as was intended or needed. The question is where does the locus of responsibility belong. There are strong reasons to use technology to do things we struggle at doing well, and in particular to augment us.

Blockchain - Once Again, the Technological Genie Has Been Unleashed from its Bottle

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

MIT research scientist and Internet pioneer David Clark addressed this question in a recent article about the early design choices that have led to today’s Internet. Distributed Power - “The system distributes power across a peer-to-peer networks with no single point of control.

Cognitive Systems and Big-Data-driven Applications

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In the first week of October I participated in a Cognitive Systems Colloquium hosted by IBM at its Thomas J. These systems will learn and interact to provide expert assistance to scientists, engineers, lawyers, and other professionals in a fraction of the time it now takes.” .

Some Puzzling Questions about Innovation in the Digital Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Teaching forces you to take a fresh look at the subjects you are covering, so I find myself revisiting questions I’ve long been thinking about: What is the essence of innovation in the digital economy and how does it differ from the industrial age innovation of the past two hundred years?

The Science of Complex Systems

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

When I look back over my long, relatively eclectic career, complex systems have been a common theme in all the activities I’ve been involved in. It started in the 1960s, when I was an undergraduate and graduate student at the University of Chicago majoring in physics, - the study of complex natural systems. My main research interests were centered on large computer systems, including mainframes, supercomputers and distributed systems.

How Can We Ensure that Our Complex AI Systems Do What We Want Them to Do?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Software-intensive systems are generally quite flexible, - able to evolve and adapt to changing product and market requirements. However, their very flexibility makes it difficult to adequately anticipate and test all the interactions between the various components of the system.

Payment Technologies: Past, Present and Future

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I was reminded of this dictum when recently attending a very interesting workshop, Payment Technologies: Past Present and Future. The workshop was sponsored by UC Irvine’s Institute for Money, Technology and Financial Inclusion (IMTFI).

Systems Thinking, Safety and Risk Management

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Several participants cited the sharp rise in volume and speed of high-frequency trading over the past decade as an example of a current practice that is potentially increasing volatility and systemic risk in financial markets. Toward the end of the roundtable, the moderator asked us to reflect on the kinds of controls needed to make financial systems more stable and less prone to another major crisis. Financial systems are an example of such complex engineering systems.

A Neural, Digital System for the Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Most everyone will agree that the world’s economy is undergoing historical structural changes , mostly caused by the digital technology revolution taking place all around us. There is clearly no simple answer to these questions. Dr. Arthur is external professor at the Santa Fe Institute and visiting researcher at PARC’s Intelligent Systems Lab. These are important but subtle questions, because as Arthur observes “.this Now it is developing a neural system.

A Useful Framework for Analyzing the Impact of Technology on Jobs

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Last week I discussed a recent Pew Research report on the impact of AI, robotics and other advanced technologies on the future of jobs. The expert’s responses to this question where divided down the middle. .

Digital Technologies for 21st Century Democracy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The focus for this year’s conference was Digital Technologies for 21st Century Democracy. I was invited to attend the conference, and participate in the opening plenary panel on D igital Technologies and the Future of Governance. The panel was moderated by Beth Noveck , Professor of Law at the New York Law School , who until recently served in the White House as Deputy Chief Technology Officer and leader of the White House Open Government Initiative.

AI and the Productivity Paradox

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Given the proper context, there are no inherent inconsistencies between having both transformative technological advances and lagging productivity. Another possibility is that the productivity benefits of new technologies are being enjoyed by a relatively small fraction of the economy.

Should Employees Be Incented to Use Social Technologies?

Dan Pontefract

Social collaboration technologies such as internal instances of blogging, micro-blogging, video sharing, discussion forums, idea sharing, wikis, and so on are all key aspects of being collaborative. Which brings me to the question, “ Should employees be incented to use social technologies ?”.

Technology and the Future of Media

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Most everyone will agree that advances in information and communication technologies (ICT) are radically transforming the business landscape. Digital technologies are not only giving rise to more distributed and inclusive models, but are also enabling alternative unilateral-like models.

Education Technology Strategies - Day One

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

lessons scripted around 1:1 laptop); IT issues - we were a Windows network, with everything on our own domain - we needed to open eg printing etc O - consumer technology far more accessible in 2012 esp. A: standard equipment isn''t built that way, we build out systems (eg. dates to classical Greece How does technology change this? - Using technology to find more (vs. Question - Kylie, are you frustrated when you go to the one class with no tech?

AI, Automation and the US Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

But it’s recent advances based on machine learning and related data-driven technologies are still relatively new, making it hard to predict where AI will be heading over time. Like no other technology, AI forces us to explore the very boundaries between machines and humans.

Five Key Questions

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

I was asked to provide some initial recommendations for that initiative, in the form of responses to five questions. Though some feel distance and online learning will not reduce costs[2], many are looking to new technologies not only to increase access but also to reduce the load borne by government. It is not difficult to reconcile the rapidly expanding commercial e-learning market with the publicly-mandated (and publicly-funded) K-12 and post-secondary system.

Continuing Education and Learning Management Systems

Tony Karrer

I'm hoping that readers can weigh in on both aspects: (1) specific thoughts or suggestions on LMS products that might fit and (2) how do you get answers to questions like this? Getting Questions Answered This is probably not the right venue to ask this kind of question, but I couldn't think of any other good way/place to get this question addressed. If you have this kind of question, how would you go about getting help? eLearning Technology.

Learning Content Management Systems (LCMS) for Managing Course Assets

Tony Karrer

In fact, because content management is now so ubiquitous in almost all social networking systems (including Microsoft SharePoint), many companies are finding ways to leverage these tools to help aid content development. In LCMS – Not Just a Technology: It’s a Strategy , Bryan Chapman really nails a key issue going into all of this discussion: you need to think about your overall strategy and then make sure your systems support that strategy. eLearning Technology.

People, Organization, Technology?

Martijn Linssen

Headed for my personal trash bin: ‘People, Process, Technology.’ For complex systems, for innovation efforts, for creativity – process engineering is not only the wrong approach, it is a mistake. For the rest, technology should enable serendipity rather than predictive process.

Better Education Through Technology

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

me) on seeing a sight like this is to suggest that everybody would be better off with a little more investment in technology. But they could instead higher fewer people, pay them more, and use technology to make up the difference. It's not so simple just to replace these people with automated systems. For another, it takes a lot of time and effort to maintain technical systems, much more so in places like Mexico, Colombia or Malaysia. With technology: common.

Corporate Survival: Lessons from Biology

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Therefore, the principles that confer robustness in these systems, whether natural or manmade, are directly applicable to business.”. Let’s take a closer look at the nature of complex adaptive systems. Why are these systems so complex?

Blockchain and the Future of the Firm

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

While the Internet, blockchain, and other technology advances would seem to support the decentralization of the economy away from big companies, the data indicates that, at least so far, their demise is not evident. Professor Coase provided a simple, elegant answer to this question.

The Emerging Data Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Data has been closely intertwined with our digital technology revolution since the early days of the IT industry. Ever since, digital technologies have been permeating just about every nook and cranny of the economy, society and our personal lives.

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Minds and Machines

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

With the advent of ERP systems and the Internet in the 1990s, businesses settled on what McAfee and Brynjolfsson call the standard partnership between people and computers. Its central thesis is that our mind is composed of two very different systems of thinking, System 1 and System 2.

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Questions from students at Vancouver Island University

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

I received a flurry of questions on some articles on my website yesterday, questions from students at Vancouver Island University. So the question is, in all four scenarios, not how we can eliminate competition and foster an attitude of collaboration, but rather, what degree of competition is appropriate in such scenarios, and how does the practice of sharing resources reconcile with that degree of competition. So that's my first reaction to the question.

Dr. Watson, Please Report to the Health Care System

Andy McAfee

Current speech recognition and natural language processing technologies are so good that I could give this description over the phone. If Dr. Watson is as good at medical questions as the current Watson is at game show questions, it will be an excellent diagnostician indeed. I’m not using this question as a rhetorical device; I’m asking it in all seriousness.

Automation Anxieties - We’ve Been Here Before

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The book deals with a number of important questions: When machines do everything, what am I going to do?; Previous technological innovation has always delivered more long-run employment, not less. Technology is no longer the domain of the few but the province of the many.

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The Simple, Economic Value of Artificial Intelligence

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In their opinion, “the best way to assess the impact of radical technological change is to ask a fundamental question: How does the technology reduce costs? As AI technologies advance, machine predictions will increasingly replace human ones in an increasing number of tasks.

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Becoming a 21st Century Digital Tinkerer

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

But, as noted in his personal website , his chief occupation is Chief of Confusion,“ helping people ask the right questions , trying to make a difference through my work- speaking, writing, teaching.” . Learning systems today primarily push information to students.

Steve Jobs’s Legacy: The Best Answers to the Most Important Question

Andy McAfee

It didn’t have a file system, or a camera, or a USB port, or lots of other things apparently critical to the success of a tablet computer. Jobs and Apple have done the best job of answering with their products the question posed by wiki inventory Ward Cunningham : What’s the simplest thing that could possibly work? They want the simplest things that could possibly work, and Apple under Jobs has been by far the best technology company at supplying such things.