Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The Rise of the T-Shaped Organization

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The concept of T-shaped skills was first introduced over 20 years ago, but its importance, - to both individuals and organizations, - has continued to rise. The growing demand for T-shaped skills points to the rise of the T-shaped organization.

AI and The Future of Work

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Last month I attended AI and the Future of Work , a conference hosted by MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) and its Initiative on the Digital Economy (IDE).

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The Emergence of Industry 4.0

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

is driven by three major forces: The full digitization of a company’s operations, including the vertical integration of processes across the entire organization, and the horizontal integration across the entire value chain.

Human-AI Decision Systems

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Perhaps the most critical function of any organization or society is its decision systems,” wrote Pentland. “In But, despite the increasingly complex decisions that organizations are called upon to make, decision-making remains human-intensive and anecdotal.

The Simple, Economic Value of Artificial Intelligence

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I recently attended a very interesting talk , - Exploring the Impact of Artificial Intelligence: Prediction versus Judgment, - by University of Toronto professor Avi Goldfarb. The talk was based on recent research conducted with his UoT colleagues Ajay Agrawal and Joshua Gans.

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The Emerging Data Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Our new big data tools now have the potential to usher an information-based scientific revolution on just about any domain of knowledge, - including people, and their varied interactions, organizations and institutions, - given our ability to now gather valuable data on almost any area of interest.

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Is Blockchain Ready to “Cross the Chasm”? Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

25 percent of organizations are investigators , - considering but not yet ready to deploy blockchains, and 67 percent are passives , - not considering blockchains so far. Earlier this year, IBM conducted the largest study to date on the state of adoption of blockchain.

Blockchain and the Future of the Firm

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The book is organized into three main sections : Mind and Machine, Product and Platform, and Core and Crowd, each based on a business trend that’s significantly reshaping the business world.

Minds and Machines

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The book is organized into three sections , each focused on a major trend that’s reshaping the business world: the rapidly expanding capabilities of machines ; the emergence of large, asset-light platform companies; and the ability to now leverage the knowledge, expertise and enthusiasm of the crowd.

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Gender Diversity, Empathy and Technology

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Similarly, diversity in people and skills should be viewed as a measure of the health of an organization, especially in our increasingly complex, fast changing world. What’s the value of gender diversity in technology-based disciplines?

Platforms, Blockchains, and the Evolution of Trust

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

These blockchain-based applications can be used to coordinate the activities of a large number of individuals, who can organize themselves without the help of a third party.

Artificial Intelligence is Ready for Business; Are Businesses Ready for AI?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Demand forecasting, supply chain optimization, and improved product design and productivity. “ Organizations need to constantly anticipate the future to gain competitive advantage. AI is now seemingly everywhere.

What’s the Core Priority of Corporate Managers?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In a recent Harvard Business Review article, - The Error at the Heart of Corporate Leadership , - Harvard Business School professors Joseph Bower and Lynn Paine raised a number of important questions.

Creating More Intelligent Organizations

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

organize these collaborations and enhance them with innovative IT-based. If so, is it possible to create more intelligent organizations? Another CCI project is aiming to answer these questions by trying to understand the intrinsic nature of intelligent organizations.

Should Your Company Get on the Blockchain Learning Curve Now or Wait?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Organization and culture. If that happens, the economy will once again undergo a radical shift, as new, blockchain-based sources of influence and control emerge… Individuals, organizations, machines, and algorithms would freely transact and interact with one another with little friction.”.

The Evolution Toward Digital Supply Chains

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The meeting was organized by the Center for Global Enterprise (CGE), - the nonprofit research institution founded by former IBM Chairman and CEO Sam Palmisano to study the contemporary corporation, globalization, economic trends, and their impact on society.

On the Governance of Blockchain: Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Much of the success of the Internet and Web is due to the international organizations created to oversee their evolution, including IETF - the Internet Engineering Task Force, ICANN - the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, and W3C , - the World Wide Web Consortium.

Corporate Survival: Lessons from Biology

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

A truly complex system consists of many different kinds of parts, intricate organizations and highly different structures at different levels of scale. Over millions of years, biological organisms have developed redundant mechanisms to increase their chances of surviving disease or accidents.

The Rise of the Platform Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

What do we mean by a platform ?

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The Growing Value of a Dual-Track Education

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

A few weeks ago I read a very interesting article in The Chronicle of Higher Education , - Why Colleges Need to Embrace the Apprenticeship.

Is Blockchain the Major Next Step in the Evolution of the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

At a certain point, organizations are faced with diminishing returns. Blockchains have the potential to eradicate the cost of complexity and ultimately redefine the traditional boundaries of an organization.”.

Global Arbitrage and the Productivity Puzzle

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

A couple of weeks ago I wrote about The Productivity Puzzle , - namely that despite our continuing technology advances, the US and other developed economies have experienced a sharp decline in productivity growth over the past 10 to 15 years.

Global Trends and Business Strategy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The article discusses nine major global forces organized into three distinct mega-trends: global growth shifts, accelerating industry disruption, and a new societal deal. McKinsey recently published an article on the long-term trends that are reshaping the business environment.

The Datafication of Business and Society

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Data science research and educational programs are being organized in universities around the world. Beyond their use in operations, the data generated by these various applications was also used to improve the efficiency, financial performance, and overall management of the organization.

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Automation Technologies and the Future of Work

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Last year, McKinsey launched a multi-year study to explore the potential impact of automation technologies on jobs, organizations and the future of work. “Can we look forward to vast improvements in productivity, freedom from boring work, and improved quality of life?,”

Disruptive Innovation Revisited

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Most of us who’ve studied or lived through them find Christensen’s work to be a useful explanation and organizing framework for understanding technology-based disruptions.

Digital Identity - the Key to Privacy and Security in the Digital World

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

From time immemorial, our identity systems have been based on face-to-face interactions and on physical documents and processes. But, the transition to a digital economy requires radically different identity systems.

Becoming a Data-Driven Business: Challenges and Opportunities

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Organizations that can harness these capabilities effectively will be able to create significant value and differentiate themselves, while others will find themselves increasingly at a disadvantage.”.

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The Transformative Power of Cloud Computing

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I was recently involved in two different meetings, each convened by an IT research organization focused on providing strategic advice to CIOs. My participation in each of the CIO meetings was in the form of a fireside chat with a senior analyst of the organization.

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Is Design Thinking the “New Liberal Arts”?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Design thinking is now being applied to abstract entities, - e.g. systems, services, information and organizations, - as well as to devise strategies, manage change and solve complex problems. Design thinking has become an increasingly popular topic of discussion over the past decade.

The Evolution of the Firm

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

All that growth led to ever larger, multi-layered hierarchical organizations. Firms are organizations in which the different parts of the firm have an interchange with other parts of the firm,… it is a sociological problem not an economic problem…”. “I

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Trust and the On-Demand Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Rather than existing as static and fixed organizations, more enterprises could essentially become an aggregation of specialized entities with complementary interests - expanding, contracting and reconfiguring themselves in a way that best adapts to or even anticipates market dynamics.”.

The Competitive Value of Data: From Analytics to Machine Learning

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

A recent article by NY Times reporter Steve Lohr discussed the rising importance of data as a major competitive differentiator.

The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2016

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Organs-on-chips — “Miniature models of human organs could revolutionize medical research and drug discovery by allowing researchers to see biological mechanism behaviors in ways never before possible.”.

Design Thinking and the Workplace Experience

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As noted in one of the HBR articles , design-centric organizations are adamantly focused on their customer’ needs, rather than on their internal operational efficiencies. Design has long played a major role in product innovation.

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Serious AI Challenges that Require Our Attention

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

A number of initiatives have been recently organized to address these and other AI long-term challenges, including the aforementioned One Hundred Year Study of AI , the Future of Life Institute and the Partnership on AI.

The Evolution of the Internet of Very Smart Things

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Over time, many companies ended up with large numbers of relatively small, under-utilized servers distributed across the organization. I recently saw a very interesting presentation , - From Cloud to Fog: The Internet of Things , - by Cisco executive Michael Enescu.

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The Puzzling Technology Adoption Discrepancy Between Individuals and Institutions

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In the case of the 2013 Shift Index, the story centers on the puzzling discrepancy in technology adoption between individuals and organizations. Since the publication of its first report in 2009, I’ve closely followed the Shift Index initiative of Deloitte’s Center for the Edge.

Open Innovation 2.0

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Product service systems - Organizations need to move from just delivering products to also delivering related services that improve sustainability as well as profitability… The ultimate goal of open innovation 2.0

Reflections on the Nature of Human Organizations

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

For most of history, the vast majority of people lived in farms and villages, and worked in relatively small organizations. . We learned that in many cases, our human organizations are more efficient the larger they are. Furthermore, larger organizations are typically accompanied by an increase in human interactions which improve their overall creativity and potential for innovation. All that growth generally leads to ever larger, multi-layered hierarchical organizations.