Complexity in Learning Design

Clark Quinn

We need to accommodate complexity in learning design. (* Which I talk about in Chapter 2 of my learning science book , and in my workshops on the same topic through the Allen Academy.). We need to account for complexity in learning design approaches.

Learning: an anthro-complexity perspective

Dave Snowden

So does anthro-complexity provide an answer? Cultural mapping is a key tool here and it’s use is linked with the assemblage point below. I chose it as a visual representation of the complexity of an organisation.

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At the Complexity turn …

Dave Snowden

What I might deem the Complexity Turn which lies in a new synthesis of science and the humanities is at that point. They store other people’s ideas away in tool sheds and impress people with the range of material, their ability to quote multiple references, and the like.

Systems thinking & complexity

Dave Snowden

Now I should say up front that a lot of this is finding labels for things that are different, not the denigration of other methods and tools. The pioneering work of Prigogine and others which gives us complexity theory happens in the middle of that century. It was a characteristic of that period of development that the complexity of system would be resolved by engineering design, often bottom up, or definition of specific outcomes.

Complex thinking

Clark Quinn

An interesting article I came across brings up an interesting issue: how do we do complex thinking? The short answer appears to be ‘no’ Instead, a couple of tools play a role, and I think it’s an interesting excursion. The article says that our brains are limited in thinking about complex situations. The important outcome is that we all have our cognitive limitations to overcome, but we’ve also developed powerful tools to support these limitations.

mastering complexity

Harold Jarche

“Our most successful clients have cross-flowing knowledge networks to handle the complexity/variety of their marketplace.” “The One Year Club – organizations that buy tools to embrace a new way of working without understanding fit, and finding it really complex. Organizations realize 9 to 18 months in that their tools don’t fit and what they are trying to do is really complex & they need help.

Complex or Chaotic?

Dave Snowden

The distinction between complexity and chaos theory can be problematic depending on who you are talking with, or what you are reading. There are also some mildly worrying differences emerging between its use in the social and natural sciences; an especial concern as complexity provides the basis for a realist and pragmatic account of social systems and a truly trans-disciplinary approach to human understanding.

Tools for LXD?

Clark Quinn

And one of the things I’ve been thinking about are the tools we use for LXD. But here I want to know what you are using as tools for LXD? Complex ideas require external representation. We’re also bad at complex calculations. This makes the case for tools that help scaffold these gaps in our cognition. Design tends to involve complex responses, in this case in terms of an experience design. That maps out over content, time, and tools.

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hold space for complex problems

Harold Jarche

Every one of the major challenges facing us is complex. But our organizations are not designed for complexity. Our education institutions do not teach an understanding of complexity. Our workplace training does not factor in complexity. While not all of our problems are complex, the simpler issues are being dealt with. We need to take what Clay Shirky calls the cognitive surplus , and use it to wrestle with complex problems. Complexity Democracy

Coherence in complexity

Harold Jarche

Anecdote reports that John Kotter, leadership guru , is accepting that methods like his 8-step process for leading change may not be effective in the face of complexity. In my last post I wrote that in an increasingly complex workplace, many of the old models are no longer useful, referring more specifically to workplace learning. Complexity, driven by global networked communications, is the main factor. complexity InternetTime SocialBusiness

simple structures for complex problems

Harold Jarche

It is a suite of capabilities that foster an organizational culture that is constantly learning in order to understand and engage the complex environment in which it lives. The human brain is the best interface for complexity. It is interesting to note that a simple tool like Slack has had such growth lately. Complexity needs simple, adaptive structures. Complexity ConnectedEnterprise Democracy

Emerging Online Learning Tools Research Session Mindmap

Clark Quinn

Later he gave a more complex explanation why (e.g. Florence shared that synchronous tools shouldn’t be required in asynchronous learning environments, and only to use for optional activities. The post Emerging Online Learning Tools Research Session Mindmap appeared first on Learnlets At AECT18, I dropped in on a session summarizing research on emerging technologies for online learning.

social learning for complex work

Harold Jarche

It’s a question of complexity. Complex systems and learning how to work with them cannot be controlled. If you are working in a complex system, you will never be able to know everything. For instance, the environment and communities are complex systems that cannot be controlled, only influenced. This requires cooperation and collaboration between people to understand the complexity. Social media are the tools that can help us develop emergent practices.

simplifying the complexity

Harold Jarche

Complex Problems. I like complex problem-solving. Perhaps my most interesting project was when a client gave me a statement of work to ‘simplify the complexity’ I did not have a solution but felt that with my extended networked I would be able to solve their problem. In the end I was able to develop a simple tool to evaluate current and future tools against the learning and performance requirements of the company.

Absorbing complexity with PKM

Harold Jarche

Anne Marie McEwan explains its effects, in Why Your Network is Your Life Support System : The concept implies that organisations that fail to distribute responsibility for absorbing complexity will eventually cease to be viable – they will not be resilient against shocks coming at them from their external environment. We both use social technologies to reach out into the complexity and try to make sense of it. With complex problems there is not often a simple correct answer.

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No cookie cutters for complexity

Harold Jarche

bandwagon but more nimble upstarts (like me) could now significantly engage in a conversation with our markets using our own tools, like blogs, with which we have developed a certain advanced level of expertise. As social learning, collaboration, and even complexity become mainstream concepts, the array of products and services around them are becoming commoditized. Complex problems require require different thinking. complexity

Complex Systems and the “Rashomon Effect”

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

But part of my fascination with the subject is that I often ask myself similar questions when thinking about the equally mysterious world of highly complex emergent systems, that is, systems where the whole can at times be quite different from the sum of their parts. The reasons meteorologists give forecasts based on probabilities is because, given how complex weather systems are, they in fact don’t have access to all relevant information.

Build trust, embrace networks, manage complexity

Harold Jarche

We have known for quite a while that hierarchies are ineffective when things get complex. Most organizations still deal with complexity through reorganization. A connected enterprise starts by building a foundation of trust, embracing networks, and then managing complexity. Networks enable organizations to deal with complexity by empowering people to connect with whom they need to, without permission. Complexity. Tools have to support the work.

Living with Complexity

Clark Quinn

His latest, Living with Complexity , is not as landmark a book as that, but it has some very astute thinking to present. The book, as the title implies, is largely about how complexity isn’t bad, it’s necessary, and the real issue is about designing to manage it. We want powerful systems to accomplish meaningful goals, and he makes the case that this naturally requires complexity, either at the front end or at the back end.

Leadership for Complexity

Clark Quinn

The other meme from the retreat event last weekend was the notion of leadership for complexity. We talked through how things are moving from complicated to complex (and how important it is to recognize the difference), and that organizations need to receive the wake-up call and start moving forward. What’s needed is leadership that can lead the organization to be able to leverage complexity for success.

Re-wiring for the Complex Workplace

Harold Jarche

Complexity is the new normal. Knowledge workers today need to connect with others to co-solve problems but the best tools to do this are often outside the enterprise. But too often the tools needed are not available, or internal policies cripple knowledge-sharing, especially if contract or external workers are involved. Today’s complicated organizations are now facing increasingly complex business environments that require agility in simultaneously learning and working.

Exception handling is complex work

Harold Jarche

We can also create tools, especially electronic performance support systems (EPSS) to do work and not have to learn all the background knowledge in order to accomplish the task. Complex, new problems need tacit knowledge to solve them. Exception handling is complex work, which requires passion, creativity and initiative. Today’s complex work is tomorrow’s merely complicated or even simple work. In complex situations there is no time to write a detailed assessment.

MOOC on complexity

Jay Cross

I have enrolled in a MOOC offered by Santa Fe Institute on Complexity. Introduction to Complexity. About the Course: In this eleven-week course you’ll learn about the tools used by scientists to understand complex systems. You’ll also get a sense of how these topics fit together to help explain how complexity arises and evolves in nature, society, and technology. Lecture units (approximate 1 per week): What is Complexity? Cities as Complex Systems.

Big Data, Complex Systems and Quantum Mechanics

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In thinking about this question over the last few years, I started to notice that a number of subtle, non-intuitive concepts that I learned many years ago as a physics student seem to apply to the world of big data and information-based predictions in highly complex systems. You cannot simultaneously determine its exact position and velocity with any great degree of accuracy no matter how good your measurement tools are. Big Data is one of the hottest topics out there.

understanding our tools

Harold Jarche

We shape our tools and then our tools shape us.” — Father John Culkin (1967) in ‘ A Schoolman’s Guide to Marshall McLuhan’ If every medium influences communication, then what effect does that have on our own learning as well as how we help others to learn? We choose our tools, and then they take is in a certain direction, of which we may not be conscious. Knowing which tool to select becomes critical, especially in communications.

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Structures, skills and tools

Harold Jarche

In a complex economy, the way to think about the future is this: We can’t predict the future. The innovative work structures required for complex economies need to be supported by skilled workers with the right tools. We know that sharing complex knowledge requires strong interpersonal relationships, with shared values, concepts, and mutual trust. In what is often called a ‘social business’, capabilities need to be aligned with tools.

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Making sense of complexity and innovation

Harold Jarche

Friday’s Finds: Gall’s Law: A complex system that works is invariably found to have evolved from a simple system that worked. A complex system designed from scratch never works and cannot be patched up to make it work. ” Deconstructing Innovation : a complex concept made simple; by @ShaunCoffey. complexity Friday''s Finds Innovation

Organizations and Complexity

Harold Jarche

Tweet I’ve discussed this table before, but I’d like to put it all the links together to highlight what we need to do with our organizations and structures to deal with complexity. Complexity. How we can support emergent practices in the increasingly complex enterprise: COMPLEXITY. Patti Anklam , in discussing value networks and complexity states: Understanding of complexity provides a practical guide to managing context.

Misadventures in Content Production: Why “Rapid” Tool Aren’t Really Rapid

Xyleme

Let’s be honest — so-called “rapid” authoring tools aren’t really rapid at all. What you see is what you get” (WYSIWYG,) or “rapid” tools, apply styles that are hard-coded into the content, which means that the writing and designing are coupled together.

Social Learning, Complexity and the Enterprise

Harold Jarche

Our relationship with knowledge is changing as our work becomes more intangible and complex. PDL – Personal Directed Learning: from Clockwork & Predictable to Complexity & Surprising. Complexity, or maybe our appreciation of it, has rendered the world unpredictable, so the orientation of learning is shifting from past (efficiency, best practice) to future (creative response, innovation). In complex environments it no longer works to sit back and see what will happen.

Complexity and Design in Warfare

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The workshop explored how design-oriented approaches can help us better understand and deal with the very complex problems we are increasingly encountering in all aspects of business, economies, government, public policy, military operations and society in general. Over the past few meetings the Forum has focused on various topics related to complex systems, - how to best understand and manage them in the present, as well as predict and shape their future directions.

Cognitive Edge announces training courses for 2016 – Working with Complex Problems

Dave Snowden

Today we’re announcing practitioner-focused courses on complexity and the Cynefin framework. Course 1: Dealing with Complex Problems. The course equips you with tools to build healthier, more effective working environments through pragmatic methods and exercises. Course 2: Managing in Complexity. While there will be theory, the focus is on the practical application of Cynefin and other related complexity-based methods.

A complex look at task assignments

Clark Quinn

And I’ll be the first to acknowledge that it’s complex, as the diagram represents, but let me tease it apart for you and see if it makes sense. Moreover, if collaborative tools are used for the co-generation of the final artefact, there are traces of the contribution of each learner to serve as further evidence. If it’s a complex artefact (such as a product design, not just a presentation), there could be several revisions.

Me and the Complexity MOOC

Jay Cross

Melanie turns us on to how to open and mess with NetLogo, a nifty open source what-if system modeling tool. It’s 11:10 pm in Berkeley and I am in the bowels of the Internet Time Lab listening to Melanie Mitchell tell me what’s up with fractals, dynamics, entropy, Shannon, genetic algorithms, and cellular automata. I find the STEM aspect of these topics boring, so I’m barreling through this MOOC’s recorded videos at a high rate of speed.

Preparing Students for an Increasingly Complex Business World

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Are engineering and management schools adequately preparing students for our fast-changing, highly complex business world? Universities generally do a pretty good job when it comes to teaching hard skills, - engineering methods, technology, analytical tools, finance, marketing, and so on. Not quite, say a number of recent studies. A good education should include soft as well as hard competencies.

Complex Organizational Systems

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The study of complex systems has been a common arc in my career. It started with physics at the University of Chicago in the 1960s, where I was studying complex natural systems - atomic and molecular physics in particular. In the last twelve years, my work has focused on the kinds of complex systems made possible by the advent of the Internet and the Web. What makes such complex systems complex ? But why are these systems so complex?

Managing in Complexity

Harold Jarche

Training isn’t dead, it’s just not enough, and cannot be the only tool in the box. The challenge is getting organizations that are used to dealing with the Known & Knowable to be able to manage in Complex environments and even Chaotic ones from time to time. We should be ready to have many informed conversation about managing in complexity and put forward some plausible options.

Complexity in Government

Dave Snowden

To see a whole government start to shift towards complexity theory as a new paradigm of government is mist encouraging. My argument was that we in a phase shift period, between the paradigm of systems dynamics (process, scenario planning, learning organisation) and complexity theory (fragmented sense-making, use of human sensor networks, the inter-connectivity of social computing etc.). Today was the first day of my three day programme at the Civil Service College in Singapore.

Tools & Process v Networked Human Judgement

Dave Snowden

Late in April, Gary Wong and I will be delivering our complexity and safety training course in Houston. This session focuses on how complex adaptive systems thinking, the Cynefin framework, and narrative collection can help leadership teams improve their safety cultures and reduce safety risks. A common challenge that I see facing companies today is the proliferation of tools that allow all of us to manage an incredible degree of detail in our day to day work lives.

Google Plus – One Social Networking Tool to Rule Them All

Luis Suarez

As most of you folks already know, my first exposure to social software was inside IBM, back in 2001, with a Profile Social Aggregator called Fringe ; then I started experimenting with the instant messaging social capabilities of IBM Community Tools (a.k.a. Now, I am sure that plenty of folks out there would not feel very comfortable with me advocating for a ONE, single social networking tool that could eventually rule over all of the others. Hold a simple (Not even complex!)

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Organize for complexity: make work work again

Jay Cross

Complexity had not been discovered. People aren’t tools; they’re what creates value. Complexity rules. Early this morning I was reflecting on how different today’s world is from the world I grew up in. You see, I was born during World War II. Computers had not been invented. Frederick Taylor was revered. It was a tidier world. Everything was logical. A simpler time. Thirty years ago things began to get fuzzy.

Rapid Prototyping Tools

Adaptive Path

Newsletter readers : jump straight down to the list of tools. But how do you select the best prototyping tool for the job? In order to evaluate a prototyping tool or technique, we first need to define what makes an effective prototype. Look for the parts of your design that have of complexity. Selecting the Tool. What is our budget for a prototyping tool? How flexible does our prototyping tool need to be? Prototyping Tools.

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Complex Sociotechnical Systems: the Case for a New Field of Study

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

They generally exhibit a level of complexity that is often beyond our ability to understand and control. Not only do they have to deal with the complexities associated with large scale hardware and software infrastructures, but with the even more complex issues involved in human and organizational behaviors. . A few weeks ago, MIT professor Joseph Sussman addressed these issues in a lecture - Complex Sociotechnical Systems: The Case for a New Field of Study.

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