Innovation and National Security in the 21st Century

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The Task Force noted that leadership in innovation, research and technology since World War II has made the US the most secure and economically prosperous nation on earth. economic competitiveness and national security.”.

Securing the Foundations of our Digital Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

On December 1 the Commission issued its final Report on Securing and Growing the Digital Economy. This transition has significantly accelerated over the past decade with the advent of billions of smartphones, tens of billions of IoT devices and huge amounts of data, all now connected via Internet-based broadband networks. Technological advancement is outpacing security and will continue to do so unless we change how we approach and implement cybersecurity strategies and practices.


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Fidelity in complex systems consultancy

Dave Snowden

Returning yesterday from my first TedX in Cyprus I was chatting with Sonja Blignaut about some upcoming activities and differences between approaches to sense-making and complexity. Now it is an understandable issue; if you work for yourself then securing revenue is as vital and shooting, or failing to rehire the messenger is all to frequent. In a complex system we: start journeys with a general sense of direction but without precise targets.

Blockchain - the Networked Ecosystem is the Business

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The essence of blockchain, notes the report , is that the unit of competition is the networked ecosystem , no longer a single enterprise. “As blockchain adoption continues to gather momentum, organizations must approach their blockchain strategies with the same rigor and commitment as any other new and transformative strategies. In search of value - From “The Network is the Computer” to “The Ecosystem is the Business”.

“Complicated” vs. “Complex”

Martijn Linssen

The background: A gentleman who makes a living “reducing complexity” for IT systems keeps running into some of us on Twitter who study complexity. The ask: There is a group of complexity aficionados that criticize my use of the word “complexity.” ” In general, these are folks who are influenced by the Cynefin framework that considers complexity and complicated to be different attributes of a system. The Emergence of Complexity.

Network Era Fluency

Harold Jarche

Today, it’s all about networks, something you were most likely not taught about in school. What happens as we become a quadriform society (Tribes +Institutions +Markets +Networks)? Networked, distributed businesses, like AirBNB, are disrupting existing models, with the inevitable push-back as they become successful. Big data is also networked data. We need network fluency. Information literacy is improved by connecting to a diversity of networks.

the network era trinity

Harold Jarche

Governance, business, and learning models are moving from centralized control to network-centric foundations. For instance, coalition governments are increasing in frequency, businesses are organizing in value networks, and collaborative and connected learning is becoming widespread. There are advocates for a dual operating system to deal with the complexity of the networked era: one that is hierarchical and another that is networked.

Talking about the Network Era

Harold Jarche

Spying on entire populations is another network era phenomenon. Networked, distributed businesses, like AirBNB, are disrupting existing models, with the inevitable push-back as they become successful. Networks will transform education, business, the economy, and society even further. In the network era, the creative economy will gain dominance over the information and industrial economies. Networked learning will give rise to networked decision making.

On the Complex Evolution toward Mobile Digital Payments

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

On September 9, Apple announced Apple Pay , an easy, secure way to make mobile payments using their latest devices , - the iPhone 6’s and Apple Watch. Apple Pay is embracing a number of industry standards , including NFC (near-field communications) for contact-less payments; Secure Element , a dedicated device chip; and network-based tokenization to protect sensitive financial data.

leadership is helping make the network smarter

Harold Jarche

Organizations face more complexity in the type of work they do, the problems they face, and the markets they interact with. To deal with this complexity, organizations should loosen hierarchies and strengthen networks. Leadership in networks is an emergent property. In networks, everyone can be a contributor within a transparent environment. Effective networks are diverse and open. Anyone can lead in a network, if there are willing followers.

The network is the solution

Harold Jarche

The key to a flourishing civilization in the network era is sense-making. ” Self-instruction, the basis of personal knowledge management , is a necessity in effective peer-to-peer networks, as networks are how we will govern ourselves more and more. David Ronfeldt articulates this with his TIMN [Tribes-Institutions-Markets-Networks] framework. We all need to understand how to become contributing members of networks, for work and for life.

Pseudorandom Thoughts on Privacy, Security and Trust

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

Contributing factors include expanding networks, growing e-commerce, complex software, greater pressure to reduce time to market, and the ubiquity of computers. Interestingly, the people who perform the fraud network among themselves to become more effective - it's all very well organzied. A system is only as secure as its weakest point. Feynman also got involved in safe-cracking - he would try to find patterns in the security. Security is not convenient.

Security Issues and and Business Opportunities - Panel

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

The key question is whether government and industry can collaborate successfully in a complex regulatory environment. The challenge is how to minimize the privacy and security risk without compromising health care. As the keynote said, you can paralyze the good stuff by trying to secure everything. In Canada - here is no legislation to inform people about breaches of security - in the U.S. They need help on security, compliance, risk management,etc.

The Current State of Cloud Computing

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Many company leaders have encountered major roadblocks along their path toward cloud or have gotten cold feet once they questioned its impact on costs, security, latency, and more. Security of in-house data centers is superior to the security on cloud.

Data 171

The Increasing Influence of Recommendation Systems in Our Everyday Lives

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

T he larger the network, the more data is available for recommending highly personalized offerings. Artificial Intelligence Complex Systems Data Science and Big Data Economic Issues Innovation Services Innovation Smart Systems Society and Culture Technology and Strategy

System 217

Beyond Assessment ? Recognizing Achievement in a Networked World

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

This talk is basically what he said, except he said it in the French way with complex theories, while I''m going to give it in the prickly, analytical, English kind of Canadian, dry presentation. A language is something much more dynamic, much more behavioral and complex ?? The complexities matter." It''s a complex, messy ?? The Achievement Standards Network is offering “open access to machine?readable Incredibly complex process, but easy to do.

The Intriguing Nature of Non-Fungible Tokens

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The business camp, - best characterized by Hyperledger , - is based on private or public permissioned blockchain networks to support transactions among institutions that need not know nor trust each other.

Buy 164

Ten IT Predictions for the Post-Pandemic New Normal

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Remediate and adapt : “Identify shortcomings in existing IT environments such as decision support systems, remote work, and business/IT resiliency as well as addressing shortcomings in areas such as connectivity/security introduced during initial emergency responses.”.

The Real Business of Blockchain

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Blockchain encrypts all the data stored in the ledger as well as the data flowing over the network using public and private keys technologies.

Could AI Reshape the Global Balance of Power?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

AI has the potential to significantly advance national security. The report recommends that national security agencies adopt AI-enabled systems in key areas where AI can help them better understand and execute their missions. Apply AI to National Security Missions.

Looking back at the Acorn Study; Part 9: Seedlings

Dave Snowden

Still, it is relevant to the group and context it came from and valuable in its connection with a complex of personal experiences. This may be particularly strong for younger people, although fewer of those participated in this collection, so a secure trend cannot be established.

Study 130

New Directions for Government in the Digital Age

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Ensure security, privacy, autonomy, and citizen-owned identities. In a world increasingly driven by digital transactions and data, our existing methods for managing security, privacy , and digital identities are far from adequate.

How Can Blockchain Become a Truly Transformative Technology?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As firms increasingly rely on supply chain partners for many of the functions once done in-house, managing their increasingly complex operations across a network of interconnected institutions has become major challenge.

leave standard methods to the machines

Harold Jarche

Complex, new problems need tacit and implicit knowledge to solve them. Exception-handling is becoming more important in the networked workplace because computer systems can handle the routine stuff. Complexity

Building a More Resilient, Data-Driven Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

This creates network effects and economies of scale , leaving smaller companies without access to all that data at a huge economic disadvantage. We must thus ensure that these highly complex digital legal systems are safe, secure and achieve the desired societal objectives.

Data 206

Content Delivery Networks

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

There are 1450 points of presence (POPs), 950 networks or ISPs in 67 countries. Where the content is not served by an ‘Akamai Accelerated Network Partner’ the request is subjected to a more general ‘core point analysis’. The photos below show the network before and after the inauguration (yellow is slow, and red is dead). There are two major approaches: First, network topology. To optimize security on the server: disk and disk cached are managed directly.

Irving Wladawsky-Berger: The Complex Chemistry between Brands and Customers - Some Personal Experiences

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Home Archives Subscribe « Welcome to Adam Smiths World | Main | Social networks and Organizational Governance » October 08, 2007 The Complex Chemistry between Brands and Customers - Some Personal Experiences People have very complex relationships with companies and the products and services they offer. " The relationship between a brand and its customers is a complex one indeed, full of emotional connections and chemistry.

The Transformative Power of Blockchain

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The second camp, - best characterized by Hyperledger , - is mostly interested in business applications, and is based on the use of private or public permissioned blockchains networks to handle interactions between institutions that are known each other. It succinctly defines blockchain as “a shared, decentralized, cryptographically secured, and immutable digital ledger,” and then adds a few key attributes that are particularly important to enterprise blockchains: Accountability.

The Urgent Need to Strengthen the Nation’s Resilience

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

These included a significant expansion of government support for scientific research in universities and R&D labs, leading to product innovations from the private sector and better weapons from the defense industry, - and making the US the most prosperous and secure nation in the world.

Issues 220

e-Clippings (Learning As Art): A Resource on the Visualization of Complex Networks

Mark Oehlert

e-Clippings (Learning As Art) Home Archives Subscribe About My Social Networks « Thoughts on the Use of the Word Ethnography | Main | Quote of the Day: Geertz on Defining Ethnography » August 17, 2007 A Resource on the Visualization of Complex Networks Manuel Lima has done a fine service here. His site, is a great resource - a great compilation of a ton of resources related to visualizing complex networks.

Networks, Power and Ethics

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

but rather, the degree to which they are entrenched - how stuubornly autonomous individual entities are by nature or temperament, how 'power-wielding' form of contact or interaction are available through the connections in a given network, the nature and inclination of given entities to wield power, etc., This gives us a way of describing different types of networks in term of the degree to which power may be wielded in those networks. The network gradually becomes inert.

Social Networking: The Benefits Outweigh the Constraints

Nigel Paine

If you sit in the average conference room with, say 40, executives from both the public and private sector and enthuse them about the power, speed and, indeed, empowerment of social networking, you have all the heads nodding in seconds. Take this same, enthusiastic and smiling group and ask them how many people work for companies that restrict access to social networking software or ban it outright, and 35 hands shoot up, and the smiles immediately stop. “It?s

The Long-Term Future of Work and Education: Three Potential Scenarios

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The framework includes five categories of skills: communicating, collaborating and sharing online; handling information and content securely; buying, selling and managing transactions; finding solutions to problems using digital tools; and being safe and legal online.

strong ideas, loosely held

Harold Jarche

Today we are in great need of sensemaking between citizens as we deal with the complexities of a pandemic, an economic recession, and increasing violence in many parts of the world. We can only deal with complex systems and problems collectively. Complexity Democracy

The Internet of Things is Changing the World

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

We’ve long thought of products as physical entities built with a combination of mechanical and electrical components, - e.g., appliances, cars, agricultural machines, industrial equipment, - some quite simple and some highly complex.

Change 160

The Blockchain Value Framework

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Across all industries, the top three priorities were “full traceability of information on the blockchain”; “ability to ensure data has not been tampered with”; and “increased security”. “New business products or services” ranked last among the options for investing in blockchain, suggesting that at this early stage, improving existing products and services is a higher priority than considering new business opportunities.

Survey 148

Networks - Revisiting Objective/Subjective.

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

The political debates of today reflect other disagreements: does the ends justify the means, is freedom more important than security? Our common pebble turns out to be much, much more complex than it appears to the naked eye. Read George Siemens on this: "In order to move to a networked view of learning, we need to see learning nodes (people, software, concepts, or ideas) as possessing some consistent state. And not, say, something that we merely interpret as a network.

Blockchain - Once Again, the Technological Genie Has Been Unleashed from its Bottle

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The Digital Economy , written in the mid 1990s, anticipated the unbundling of vertically integrated companies into business webs, giving rise to the open networked enterprise. Foremost among these limitations are privacy, security and inclusion. “Doing business on the Internet requires a leap of faith” because the infrastructure lacks the necessary security. Why wasn’t stronger security designed into the original Internet protocols?

Blockchain Beyond the Hype

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

A distributed database or ledger that is shared by participants in an ecosystem over a public or private computing network. Every piece of information in the ledger is secure because it’s encrypted using public-key cryptography , which can only be decrypted with the appropriate private key. Each participant in the network has an identical copy of the ledger in their computer; its contents are only available to those with the proper private/public keys.

Blockchains: the Promise of More Frictionless, Trusted Economies

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The report notes that while transaction costs are lower within firms, “in recent years as enterprises have scaled, the added complexity of operations has grown exponentially while revenue growth has remained linear. Blockchains have the potential to eradicate the cost of complexity and ultimately redefine the traditional boundaries of an organization.”. Why wasn’t stronger security designed into the original Internet infrastructure? Foremost among them is security.

Data 173

Blockchain and the Promise of an Open, Decentralized Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

These are not only complex but esoteric subjects, as nicely illustrated in this funny video. People knew that it was a kind of network originally developed by DARPA , an agency of the US Department of Defense, that was now widely used in universities and research labs. But it was far from clear why Internet true believers felt that a mere network was on its way to transforming the world.

Is Blockchain Ready to “Cross the Chasm”? Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

These survey results are not surprising for a technology as new and complex as blockchain. Their responses suggest that they view blockchain as a kind of trust accelerator , helping to build trust in several ways: increased transactional transparency, higher data quality and accuracy, increased trust in transaction reliability, and improved security against fraud and cybercrime. Earlier this year, IBM conducted the largest study to date on the state of adoption of blockchain.

Is Blockchain the Major Next Step in the Evolution of the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

To take its major next step, the Internet must overcome three such serious limitations: security, complexity, and trust. Security . Fundamentally, the Internet is a general purpose data network supporting a remarkable variety of applications. Consequently, there’s no one overall owner responsible for security , let alone identity management, over the Internet. Security standards are necessary, but not sufficient. Complexity.