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Complexity and Public Administration

Dave Snowden

Some 10 years ago now when I first became interested in how complexity science might be used in public administration there was a body of thinking but relatively few practical examples of applications. So what is applying complexity thinking to public policy really all about?

Search Pidgin

David Weinberger

To give just one example, I can’t figure out how to see the frequency of the surnames Kumar and Weinberger compared side-by-side in WolframAlpha’s signature fashion. Search engines are easier because they have already trained us how to talk to them. We eventually learn that quoting a phrase searches for exactly that phrase. Google has enough dominance in the market that its syntax influences other search engines.

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Social Learning, Complexity and the Enterprise

Harold Jarche

Our relationship with knowledge is changing as our work becomes more intangible and complex. For example, the role of online community manager, a fast-growing field today, barely existed five years ago. We are seeing increasing examples of this on the edges of the modern enterprise.

Edge Perspectives with John Hagel: Process versus Practice

John Hagel

Ive spent the better part of my career building applications that help people connect to each other and share knowledge (search is the best example of that). The best products are the ones that slowly reveal complexity as you use them.

Blockchains: the Promise of More Frictionless, Trusted Economies

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Transaction costs are a kind of friction incurred in obtaining goods and services outside the firm, such as searching for the right supply chain partners, establishing a trusted relationship, negotiating a contract, coordinating the work, managing intellectual property and so on.

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The MIT Inclusive Innovation Competition

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Jobs requiring expert problem solving and complex communications skills have significantly expanded, with the earnings of the college educated workers needed to fill such jobs rising steadily. Examples abound.

More Reflections on SharePoint and Picking Technology | Full Circle Associates

Nancy White

Thanks for helping us along Adrian Adrian Gnägi Knowledge and Learning Processes Being on the US West Coast, my other KM4Dev colleagues had already provided some great responses (again, see the thread !) For example, a wiki is a tool. These are examples of features.

Cognitive Systems and Big-Data-driven Applications

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

IBM defines cognitive systems as “a category of technologies that uses natural language processing and machine learning to enable people and machines to interact more naturally to extend and magnify human expertise and cognition.

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Noticing some nice non-profit wiki work | Full Circle Associates

Nancy White

Peg “got&# that there was both an information architecture and a set of social processes associated with their use of a wiki as both a project communication tool and as a knowledge sharing tool. And it is a Technorati search, so I have to go to Technorati and THEN link back to your blog.

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seek > sense > share for cities

Harold Jarche

This was part of the organization’s search for “ practical solutions to fulfill the citizen’s demand” acknowledging that “learning cannot be conducted alone but has to be part of partnerships”. ” Share: Disseminate Results and Evaluate the Process. Complexity NetworkedLearning

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Technology and the Future of Media

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Three major processes are part of the media value chain: . As with other industries, ICT was originally applied to media in order to increase the efficiency of its processes.

The Datafication of Business and Society

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In contrast to digitalisation, which enabled productivity improvements and efficiency gains on already existing processes, datafication promises to completely redefine nearly every aspect of our existence as humans on this planet.

Data 174

Cloud, Services and the Transformation of Production

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Is it a return to centralized computing , driven by the rising complexities, management costs and energy inefficiencies of distributed systems? Processes with clearly defined rules for their execution can be unbundled, recombined, and automated.

Reinventing Society in the Wake of Big Data

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

For example, Gartner’s Research director Svetlana Sicular recently observed that big data has already reached the peak of the hype cycle , and is now falling into the trough of disillusionment , a necessary step before (hopefully) moving on to the slope of enlightenment.

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Lean Principles in the Digital Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Such methods include quality control of the processes involved in production; just-in-time production to reduce the costs associated with excess inventory; and continuous improvement involving everyone in the organization in the quest for new, easy to implement ideas. .

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The “Recombinant” Nature of Digital Innovations

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Most everyone will agree, for example, that spreadsheet and word processing were the first killer-apps of the PC era, helping transform PCs into must-have business and personal productivity tools.

Edge Perspectives with John Hagel: The Next Revolution in Interactions

John Hagel

But any advantage in costs or distinctiveness that companies gained in this way was usually short-lived, for their rivals adopted similar technologies and process improvements and thus quickly matched the leaders.

The MIT Second Machine Age Conference

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The second age machines are now enhancing our cognitive powers, giving us the ability to process vast amounts of information and make ever more complex decisions. And question-answering systems like IBM’s Watson are enabling us to solve increasingly complex problems. . “We’re

Reflections on the Future of TV

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The TV industry is being massively restructured as its companies keep searching for viable business models. The vast wasteland of television has been replaced by an excess of excellence that is fundamentally altering my media diet and threatening to consume my waking life in the process.

The Nature of the Firm in the Digital Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Transaction costs are incurred in obtaining goods and services outside the firm, such as searching for the right people, negotiating a contract, coordinating the work, managing intellectual property and so on.

Data Science and the Changing Nature of Research and Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The study examined the current state of US research and innovation; looked at the role of its key players: academia, industry, and government; and proposed a set of recommendations to better address the highly complex challenges we face in the 21st century information economy.

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More on replacing business travel from Jessica Lipnack | Full Circle Associates

Nancy White

Her emphasis on the social processes resonates.

Knowledge Management for Decision Memories

Harold Jarche

This is Big Knowledge Management , leveraging the power of enterprise software platforms to store decision, process, and event memories. Process and event memories, like project outputs, are relatively easy to capture and codify. complexity PKM Work

Big Data Takes Center Stage

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In 2000, only one-quarter of the world’s stored information was digital and therefore subject to search and analysis. When collecting data was costly and processing it was difficult and time consuming, the sample was a savior.

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Towards a Hyperconnected, Digital Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Everyone pretty much agrees that there is a transformation of historical proportions underway, propelling us from the industrial society of the past two centuries to an information society that's in the process of being defined. As defined in Wikipedia, globalization refers primarily to the process of business and economic integration that has resulted from advances in digital technologies and the rise of the Internet.

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Edge Perspectives with John Hagel: Peace and Entrepreneurship

John Hagel

As loans are made, Grameen Bank relies on a variety of mechanisms to manage risk – for example, initial loans are for very small amounts and weekly payments are required as a way to get early visibility on potential default risks.

New Tools Beget Revolutions: Big Data and the 21st Century Information-based Society

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

It will be complex, develop hitherto unforeseen forms, and will have to respond to unforeseen challenges. In 1676, for example, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek used a microscope , a relatively recent and rare tool, to discover the existence of microorganisms in a drop of water.

Data 133

A sense of direction (3)

Dave Snowden

This series, and the Christmas one are a part of the process. However the main issue in Complicated is the process and validation of mechanisms of professions and the various controls. Complex. Liminal: Complex to Complicated. Liminal Complex temporarily into Chaos.

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The Power of Pull

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

For example, the return on assets (ROA) of US companies, - a general indicator of profitability, - has been progressively falling and is now almost one quarter its 1965 levels. Detailed demand forecasts, operational plans, and operational process manuals carefully script the actions and specify the resources required to meet anticipated demand.” “We consume media that have been packaged, programmed, and pushed to us based on our anticipated needs.

stories connect knowledge

Harold Jarche

This starts with the discipline of personal knowledge mastery ( PKM ): a set of processes, individually constructed, to help each of us make sense of our world and work more effectively. For complex work, this is critical, as most of the knowledge required is implicit, and not easy to codify.

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Machine and Human Intelligence

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Natural language processing is widely used in commercial voice response systems with limited vocabularies. Since that time, analyzing or searching large amounts of information has become increasingly important and commonplace in a wide variety of disciplines. Today, most of us use search engines as the primary mechanism for finding information in the World Wide Web. IBM’s Smarter Planet and Smarter Cities are prominent examples of such initiatives.

Why Do Firms Exist?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Transaction costs are incurred in obtaining goods and services outside the firm, such as searching for the right people, negotiating a contract, coordinating the work, managing intellectual property and so on. There are actual organizational advantages to firms, such as the ability to marshal a wide range of resources to address very complex problems. Christensen and Raynor classify organizational capabilities into three main categories: resources , processes and values.

The MIT Systems Thinking Conference

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The SDM program aims to provide mid-career professionals with a systems perspective that will help them address and solve large-scale, global, complex challenges. The Systems Thinking Conference is intended to showcase innovative ways of addressing complex challenges, in particular, how to integrate technology, management and social sciences to successfully solve very tough problems. Why is it so difficult to make sound decisions about highly complex problems?

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Open, Collaborative Trust Frameworks

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

For example, the National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC) was launched by the White House earlier this year to enable “Individuals and organizations [to] utilize secure, efficient, easy-to-use, and interoperable identity solutions to access online services in a manner that promotes confidence, privacy, choice, and innovation.” Our Web searches and sites visited, including our likes and dislikes and purchase histories.

The IT-based Transformation of Services

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Processes with clearly defined rules for their execution can be unbundled, recombined, and automated. Any business can thus be viewed in terms of their various activities or tasks, including processes, business models and organizational structure. With the Algorithmic Revolution, tasks underlying services can be transformed into formalizable, codifiable, computable processes with clearly defined rules for their execution.

The Co-Evolution of Humans and our Tools

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Modern human behavior is closely associated with the origin of language, the accumulation of knowledge, skills and culture, and the ability to process vast amounts of information. Money , for example, was first invented as a tool to facilitate commerce about 2500 years ago, and has since had a huge impact in the formation of business, economies and governments. Tools have played a critical role in human evolution for a very, very long time.

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Information, Money and Related Subjects

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, mainframes, minicomputers, data networks, transaction processing and data bases enabled financial innovations like ATMs and credit cards. For example, the January 14 issue of The Economist has an article on India’s massive Unique ID (UID) initiative, known as Aadhaar. Our Web searches and sites visited, including our likes and dislikes and purchase histories.

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An Emerging Platform for Digital, Inclusive Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

d.light , for example, builds low cost solar lanterns as a cleaner, safer replacement for kerosene lanterns; and chotuKool builds compact, portable, cooling solutions that consume about half the power of a regular refrigerator, can be plugged in or run on batteries, and stay cool for hours without power dues to its high-end insulation. For example, the January 14 issue of The Economist has an article on India’s massive Unique ID (UID) initiative, known as Aadhaar.

The US Constitution: A Pantheon of (Sometimes Conflicting) Values

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

For example, if a 21 year old wants to run for the US Senate, a simple reading of the Constitution would say that this is forbidden because a senator must be at least 30 years old. . The Constitution has a good share of deliberately open-ended guarantees, like rights to due process of law, equal protection of the law, and freedom from unreasonable searches. But those are not the complex systems problems that baffle us.

Irving Wladawsky-Berger: A Kind of Cambrian Explosion

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As digital components continue to become ever more powerful, inexpensive and standardized, these complex systems are growing in breadth and capabilities at a dramatic rate. These market-facing, people-oriented complex systems need to be flexible and adaptable.