Innovation and National Security in the 21st Century

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The Task Force noted that leadership in innovation, research and technology since World War II has made the US the most secure and economically prosperous nation on earth. economic competitiveness and national security.”.

Securing the Foundations of our Digital Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

On December 1 the Commission issued its final Report on Securing and Growing the Digital Economy. The interconnectedness and openness made possible by the Internet and broader digital ecosystem create unparalleled value for society,” notes the report in its Executive Summary. “But these same qualities make securing today’s cyber landscape difficult. Why wasn’t stronger security designed into the original Internet infrastructure?

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cooperation, measurement, security and more

Harold Jarche

5) Learning might lead to collaborative works. Teachers and many parents understand that children’s development is far too complex to capture with an hour or two taking a standardized test. The proper way to conduct ourselves in the complex domain is through experiments. Every fortnight I curate some of the observations and insights that were shared on social media. I call these Friday’s Finds. hrheingold : “Don’t refuse to believe; refuse to start out believing.”

The Collaborative, Sharing Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

One of the most intriguing was The Collaborative Economy , by Jeremiah Owyang , a partner and analyst at Altimeter Group , whose research focuses on the changing relationships between companies and their customers. . The collaborative economy feels very different. In his excellent research report on the subject, Owyang explains what the collaborative economy is all about. We refer to this trend as the Collaborative Economy , defined as.

Open, Collaborative Trust Frameworks

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

For example, the National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC) was launched by the White House earlier this year to enable “Individuals and organizations [to] utilize secure, efficient, easy-to-use, and interoperable identity solutions to access online services in a manner that promotes confidence, privacy, choice, and innovation.” In 2010, the World Economic Forum , - one of ID³'s collaborating institutions , - launched a project on Rethinking Personal Data.

How Can We Ensure that Our Complex AI Systems Do What We Want Them to Do?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Things are even tougher with people-centric sociotechnical systems, which not only have to deal with potential software problems, but with the even more complex issues involved in human behaviors and interactions. And, at the bleeding-edges of complexity are data-driven AI systems , which are generally based on statistical analysis and machine learning methods. . What is it that makes these systems so intrinsically complex? What purpose does this complexity serve?

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On the Complex Evolution toward Mobile Digital Payments

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

On September 9, Apple announced Apple Pay , an easy, secure way to make mobile payments using their latest devices , - the iPhone 6’s and Apple Watch. Apple Pay is embracing a number of industry standards , including NFC (near-field communications) for contact-less payments; Secure Element , a dedicated device chip; and network-based tokenization to protect sensitive financial data.

Security Issues and and Business Opportunities - Panel

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

David Townsend New knowledge is best created in collaborative environments. The key question is whether government and industry can collaborate successfully in a complex regulatory environment. The challenge is how to minimize the privacy and security risk without compromising health care. As the keynote said, you can paralyze the good stuff by trying to secure everything. They need help on security, compliance, risk management,etc.

Would a Distributed Model of Government be More Suitable for a Complex, Diverse 21st Century Democracy?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

While business and government have clearly different objectives, many of the challenges involved in managing a complex, fast changing organization are similar. If large global companies have had to embrace a more distributed management style, why not large, complex governments? I referenced his writings in a blog on distributed, collaborative government which I posted in September of 2008. Your social security number is good anywhere.”.

The Increasing Influence of Recommendation Systems in Our Everyday Lives

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

With this innovation trajectory, security and confidentiality become even more important… As with health care, ‘informed consent’ becomes more important as recommenders grow more powerful, pervasive, and predictive.”.

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Ten IT Predictions for the Post-Pandemic New Normal

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The workspace will provide a personalized and federated view of the resources that workers require to get their jobs done, including access to subject matter experts and other collaborators.

leave standard methods to the machines

Harold Jarche

We have proven methods to improve collaboration , cooperation , knowledge sharing , and sensemaking. Complex, new problems need tacit and implicit knowledge to solve them. So if you are in a complex situation, like a pandemic, you need to have exceptions front-of-mind.

New Directions for Government in the Digital Age

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The 120-page report was authored by Don Tapscott , Kirsten Sandberg , and Anthony Williams from the Blockchain Research Institute (BRI), in collaboration with the Chamber of Digital Commerce and experts from several countries. Ensure security, privacy, autonomy, and citizen-owned identities.

Could AI Reshape the Global Balance of Power?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

AI has the potential to significantly advance national security. The report recommends that national security agencies adopt AI-enabled systems in key areas where AI can help them better understand and execute their missions. Apply AI to National Security Missions.

The Long-Term Future of Work and Education: Three Potential Scenarios

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The framework includes five categories of skills: communicating, collaborating and sharing online; handling information and content securely; buying, selling and managing transactions; finding solutions to problems using digital tools; and being safe and legal online.

Blockchain - the Networked Ecosystem is the Business

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The infrastructures, processes and ecosystems of supply chains are significantly less complex than those in financial services, healthcare, music, and other industries Their objectives are relatively straightforward: increase the speed, security and accuracy of financial and commercial settlements; track the supply chain lifecycle of any component or product; and securely protect all the transactions and data moving through the supply chain.

Harold Jarche » Need for collaboration continues to grow

Harold Jarche

ralphmercer: committees are place to lure great ideas to be killed while absolving everyone of the blame hjarche: innovation is something you create from thinking & doesn’t usually come from existing practices that others are following [link] hjarche: Our Future: Security, Consumption, Participation and/or Green? collaboration projects, I see growth. Because the business will find their collaboration needs to grow in 2009, while they see IT providing them with fewer services.

The Blockchain Value Framework

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Across all industries, the top three priorities were “full traceability of information on the blockchain”; “ability to ensure data has not been tampered with”; and “increased security”. “New business products or services” ranked last among the options for investing in blockchain, suggesting that at this early stage, improving existing products and services is a higher priority than considering new business opportunities.

Survey 150

Towards a Trusted Framework for Identity and Data Sharing

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I was a member of a panel on how government, business and research communities can collaborate in developing workable identity solutions. As the economy and society move toward a world where interactions are primarily governed by digital data and transactions, our existing methods of managing identity and data security are proving inadequate. These include social security ID, passport number, driver’s license number, e-mail address, telephone numbers, and login IDs and passwords.

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Blockchain Can Reshape Financial Services… But it Will Take Significant Time and Investment

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Not only are there major technology and standards issues to be worked out, but the industry will have to collaborate with governments around the world to develop the appropriate legal frameworks and regulatory environments. Not surprisingly given their complexity, change comes much slower to global financial infrastructures. DLT applications will require deep collaborations between incumbents, innovators and regulators.

Blockchain - Once Again, the Technological Genie Has Been Unleashed from its Bottle

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

His 2006 Wikinomics predicted the rise of mass collaboration in what became known a few years later as the On Demand Economy. It has been great for reducing the costs of searching, collaborating, and exchanging information… Overall, the Internet has enabled many positive changes - for those with access to it - but it has serious limitations for business and economic activity.”. Why wasn’t stronger security designed into the original Internet protocols?

Leveraging AI to Transform Government

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In-depth interviews were conducted with 14 people from 10 organizations, including the various government agencies involved, as well as their collaborators in non profits and universities. The first use case describes a decade long collaboration between a USC research team and the LA International Airport on how to use AI to help law enforcement units figure out how to best deploy their limited staff more effectively so they can outsmart terrorists and other criminals.

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Platforms, Blockchains, and the Evolution of Trust

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Brooks’ article focused on the rise of the on-demand economy , - aka, the collaborative, sharing, peer-to-peer economy, - and in particular on the surprising success of Airbnb. As this 2015 Financial Times article noted, on-demand communities “have been delving deep into what it means to be running a collaborative business model within a capitalist framework.

The Economic Potential of The Internet of Things

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Given the breadth and complex nature of IoT-based solutions, quantifying their potential value is very difficult indeed, especially since such smart solutions , - e.g., smart cities , smart homes , smart healthcare , - are still in the very early stages of development. Home - Energy management, security, safety, and automation of home chores. Offices - Organizational and personal productivity, training, energy monitoring, building security.

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Is Blockchain the Major Next Step in the Evolution of the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

To take its major next step, the Internet must overcome three such serious limitations: security, complexity, and trust. Security . Consequently, there’s no one overall owner responsible for security , let alone identity management, over the Internet. Security standards are necessary, but not sufficient. Complexity. But “the added complexity of operations has grown exponentially while revenue growth has remained linear.

More Reflections on SharePoint and Picking Technology | Full Circle Associates

Nancy White

Our ministry’s IT department over the past few years developed one major collaboration application (consultation tool to develop consolidated Swiss statements for UN), based on MS Sharepoint. Our IT department therefore concludes that MS Sharepoint is the basis on which to build SDC’s collaboration platform. What are “make it or break it&# features we should ask for, which would guarantee that a useful community collaboration platform can be built on MS Sharepoint?

Impact of AI on Government - Opportunities and Challenges

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In 2019, the Partnership and IBM collaborated on two additional reports, Assessing the Impact of AI on the Work of Government , and Building Trust, Managing Risks. Top AI challenges include bias, security, transparency, employee knowledge, and federal budget and procurement processes. Security. As the economy moves toward a world where interactions are primarily governed by digital data, our existing methods of managing data security are proving inadequate.

On the Governance of Blockchain: Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The Internet and World Wide Web brought a badly needed culture of collaboration and standards to the IT industry. In addition to developing standards and organizing technical, industry and policy activities, these various organization make available open source implementations of their software releases, thus encouraging collaborative, open innovation. Launching this type of application requires massive collaboration among companies, governments and other entities.

Is Blockchain Ready to “Cross the Chasm”? Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

These survey results are not surprising for a technology as new and complex as blockchain. Their responses suggest that they view blockchain as a kind of trust accelerator , helping to build trust in several ways: increased transactional transparency, higher data quality and accuracy, increased trust in transaction reliability, and improved security against fraud and cybercrime. Earlier this year, IBM conducted the largest study to date on the state of adoption of blockchain.

The President’s Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Former national security advisor Tom Donilon and former IBM CEO Sam Palmisano serve as chair and vice-chair respectively. Transforming this highly complex ecosystem has proved to be very difficult. It requires the close collaboration of its various stakeholders, including a large variety of financial institutions, merchants of all sizes, government regulators in just about every country, and huge numbers of individuals around the world.

Blockchain Killer-Apps

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

And, given that blockchain is all about the creation, exchange and management of valuable assets, its applications are significantly more complex to understand and explain than Internet applications. Moreover, since blockchain is inherently multi-institutional in nature, its applications involve close collaboration among companies, governments and other entities. Complex Transactions Among Institutions.

The Growing Importance of Storytelling in the Business World

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Over the years I’ve learned that when trying to explain a complex new concept or product, it’s important to engage in a kind-of conversation with your intended audience, where you talk about what's in your mind, your questions, your doubts, what you know and what you don't know. And, the more powerful, important and complex the brand messages you are trying to convey, the more important it is that you do so by telling a compelling but simple, - i.e., understandable, - story.

The Promise and Current State of Blockchain

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I said that I look at the value of blockchain through two complementary lenses: enhancing the security of the Internet, and reducing the inefficiencies and overheads in applications, like supply chains, involving multiple institutions. In particular, t he design decisions that shaped the Internet back in the mid-late 1980s didn’t optimize for secure, trustworthy operations.

The Emergence of a Blockchain-Based Token Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Its central argument is that for nearly four decades, the Internet has been great for reducing the costs of searching, collaborating, and exchanging information. The Internet was designed to move information, but it’s lacked the necessary trust, security and privacy safeguards to move assets of value. Security tokens. Cryptocurrency: the idea that networks can securely transfer value without central points of control. “Bitcoin showed that something valuable?

Why Blockchains Could Transform How the Economy Works

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Rather than developing their own proprietary networks and struggling to interconnect with those of others, institutions now collaborated on developing the common Internet architecture, - and Internet-based applications like e-mail and the Web, - that they all now used. And, as was the case with the Internet, it was the outside-in , collaborative governance of Linux that helped it succeed in essentially unifying UNIX where previous efforts failed. .

Issues 197

Blockchain Killer-Apps

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

And, given that blockchain is all about the creation, exchange and management of valuable assets, its applications are significantly more complex to understand and explain than Internet applications. Moreover, since blockchain is inherently multi-institutional in nature, its applications involve close collaboration among companies, governments and other entities. Complex Transactions Among Institutions.

Minds and Machines

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

But, this isn’t quite the case, as shown in the pioneering research of Princeton Professor Emeritus Daniel Kahneman , - for which he was awarded the 2002 Nobel Prize in Economics , - and his long time collaborator Amos Tversky , - who died in 1996. It suppresses complexity and information that might contradict its coherent story, unless System 2 intervenes because it realizes that something doesn’t quite feel right.

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Shaping the Future of the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As is the case with any complex system, the Internet’s design has been the result of many different choices. As a result, there’s no one overall owner responsible for security , - arguably the biggest challenge facing the Internet. The responsibility for security is divided among several actors, making it significantly harder to achieve. The Winter 2016 issue of Dædalus , the Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences , is devoted to the Internet.

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Blockchain and Business Process Transformation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

According to a 2016 IBM report , three major types of frictions predominate when conducting business among different institutions: Information frictions: Participants in a transaction don’t have access to the same information; the required information is not easily accessible; and security and privacy risks keep rising, - e.g., hacking, cybercrime, identity theft.

Mobile Payments - a Long, Relentless War of Attrition

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

It was positioned as a relatively easy, secure way to pay for purchases in physical stores as well as online using a variety of supported Apple devices including iPhones, iPads, Macs and Apple Watch. Apple Pay embraced a number of industry standards, including NFC (near-field communications) for contact-less payments; secure element , a dedicated device chip; and network-based tokenization to protect sensitive financial data. It’s not concerns over security or ease-of-use.

Is the Blockchain Now Reaching a Tipping Point?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

These various institutions now collaborated on developing the common Internet architecture, - and Internet-based applications like e-mail and the Web, - that they all were starting to deploy. . Foremost among the problems to be addressed is the need to bolster security in our increasingly digital economy and society. The urgent need to collaborate. A few weeks ago, the World Economic Forum (WEF) published its annual list of the Top Ten Emerging Technologies for 2016.

Tips 159

The Evolution of Work in Urban Labor Markets

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

low skill, low wage jobs , - cleaning, security, gardeners, health aides, fast-food restaurants: these jobs have seen rising employment, while their wage growth, has been flat to negative. Complex Systems Economic Issues Education and Talent Future of Work Innovation Political Issues Society and CultureA few weeks ago I heard a very interesting keynote by MIT economist David Autor at the annual conference of MIT’s Initiative on the Digital Economy.

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The Evolution Toward Digital Supply Chains

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

So are drones, which are already being deployed in infrastructure maintenance, security, assets monitoring and other tasks across a number of industries. Purposeful Collaboration. Collaborative software or groupware , designed to help people work closely together to achieve a common goal, is critically important for an integrated supply chain to succeed.