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The Productivity Puzzle

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Economic growth has two main components, productivity growth and the growth of the labor force. I ncreasing productivity is thus more crucial than ever to promote economic growth. But, in the US and other advanced economies, productivity growth has significantly slowed down over the past few decades. From 1987 to 2004 US labor productivity grew at a 2.1% Since 2011, the productivity rate has further declined to 0.6%. . US labor productivity grew at only 1.5%

WGBH and public radio’s future

Doc Searls

The story is apparent in the first four paragraphs of its About page (which is sure to change): WGBH is PBS’s single largest producer of content for television (prime-time and children’s programs) and the Web. We’re a local public broadcaster serving southern New England, with 11 public television services and three public radio services — and productions (from Greater Boston to Jazz with Eric in the Evening ) that reflect the issues and cultural riches of our region.

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Business or Pleasure? - why not both: The product-to-service.

Martijn Linssen

why not both Home About Contact Saturday, 21 August 2010 The product-to-service financial ratio Yesterday I saw a tweet by Frank Scavo : Chatting with a vendor about implementation cost to software license cost ratios. Back to the topic : there is a clear, direct and fairly linear relation between the initial cost of a product, and the additional cost(s) involved servicing it. In big IT companies, there isnt much enthusiasm to be found for selling Open Source products.

Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Hybrid Models of Capitalism

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Irving Wladawsky-Berger A collection of observations, news and resources on the changing nature of innovation, technology, leadership, and other subjects. Titled “Going Hybrid” , it is the lead article in a special report on business in Japan. It examines the changes taking place in Japanese companies in the past decade as they are developing a new industrial model that combines elements of the old Japanese way of doing things with some carefully chosen bits of American capitalism.

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The Blockchain and Open Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

They’ve both gone on to change the world, - to say the least. Then in the 1990s, the open Internet protocol, - TCP/IP , - was widely embraced by the general IT marketplace, making it possible to interconnect systems and applications from any vendors. At the same time, the Web’s open set of standards, - HTML , HTTP , URLs , - and the easy-to-use, graphical Mosaic web browser , - enabled any PC connected to the Internet to access information on any web server anywhere in the world.

leadership through cooperation

Harold Jarche

The first agreement to formalize this arrangement has been signed between GSK and the University of Queensland, Australia, which entered a partnering agreement with CEPI in January 2019 to develop a “molecular clamp” vaccine platform, intended to enable targeted and rapid vaccine production against multiple viral pathogens. An open source approach to sharing research seems to be the optimal model for rapid knowledge transfer. think changing nature of work].

Edge Perspectives with John Hagel: Gladwells Cellular Church

John Hagel

They adopted and refined the technique of organizing in small cells to achieve change. He notes that “historically, churches have sacrificed size for community” but that this changed back in the 1970s and 1980s when the evangelical movement began to build megachurches. As Gladwell reports, Warren’s great talent is organizational. These groups are not just worshipping and praying together, they are contributing time and money to change the world.

Cloud Computing and the Supply Chain of Services

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Cloud is now an integral part of a company’s IT strategy, grounded in the day-to-day nuts and bolts of implementing change. The strategy, which is spreading despite added costs and headaches, in part reflects a shifting view of the cloud from a more efficient, cost-cutting tool, to a source of business innovation and new revenue, chief information officers and industry analysts say.”. In 2008 I gave a talk at a conference on The Promise and Reality of Cloud Computing.

The President’s Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The Commission is charged with “recommending bold, actionable steps that the government, private sector, and the nation as a whole can take to bolster cybersecurity in today’s digital world, and reporting back by the beginning of December.”. Not surprisingly, change comes slowly to such a complex ecosystem. The Internet changed all that. Everyone was using the same standards, including open source implementations of key protocols.

Serious AI Challenges that Require Our Attention

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

A few months ago, Stanford University’s One Hundred Year Study of AI project published a report by a panel of experts assessing the current state of AI. Instead, increasingly useful applications of AI, with potentially profound positive impacts on our society and economy are likely to emerge between now and 2030, the period this report considers. Earlier this year, the World Economic Forum published Global Risks Report 2017 , its 12th annual study of major global risks.

Beyond GDP - Measuring Value in a Service-oriented, Information-based, Digital Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Gross domestic product (GDP) is the basic measure of a country’s overall economic output based on the market value of all the goods and services the country produces. But, many concerns have been raised about the adequacy of GDP-based measurements given the major structural changes that economies around the world have been going through over the past few decades. GDP is essentially a measure of production. it noted in its report issued in September of 2009. “So

The Prosperity Puzzle

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Next he calculated the change in the true price of light, by estimating the price in cents per lumen-hours , a measure that would quantify the considerable innovations in generating light over the same time period. According to The Economist, not only is GDP a poor measure of material well-being and prosperity, but it’s not even a reliable gauge of production. GDP is a relic of a time dominated by manufacturing, where the production of physical goods was easier to measure.

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Cloud Computing and Open Architectures

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Earlier this month IBM announced that all its cloud services and software will be based on open standards and an open cloud architecture. Standards and open source software are necessary to help cloud computing achieve the kind of market success enjoyed by the Web, e-mail and other widely used Internet-based services. Unlike the previous two models, cloud computing is totally centered around the Internet and related open architectures.

Why Blockchains Could Transform How the Economy Works

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The October 31 issue of The Economist featured the blockchain in its cover : “The Trust Machine: How the technology behind Bitcoin could change the world.” But while most ledgers are now digital, their underlying organization has not changed. For example, when electric motors were first developed in the late 19th century, they were deployed to replace big steam engines as a source of power. The Internet changed all that.

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Cloud Computing and the Supply Chain of Services

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Cloud is now an integral part of a company’s IT strategy, grounded in the day-to-day nuts and bolts of implementing change. The strategy, which is spreading despite added costs and headaches, in part reflects a shifting view of the cloud from a more efficient, cost-cutting tool, to a source of business innovation and new revenue, chief information officers and industry analysts say.”. In 2008 I gave a talk at a conference on The Promise and Reality of Cloud Computing.

Blockchain Killer-Apps

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

A killer app is an IT application whose value is simple to explain, its use is fairly intuitive, and the application turns out to be so useful that it helps propel the success of a product or service. In a digital world, the way we regulate and maintain administrative control has to change.”. But while most ledgers are now digital, their underlying structure has not changed. A recent WSJ CIO Journal article noted that blockchain seems poised to change how supply chains work.

A new way to work

Harold Jarche

For example, the open source model has shown that software can be developed faster and cheaper (and many would say better) without a corporate, hierarchical structure. The “job” was the way we redistributed wealth, making capitalists pay for the means of production and in return creating a middle class that could pay for mass produced goods. The recession, combined with technology, is killing middle class jobs , reports the Associated Press.

The Future of Financial Services

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Money was one of the themes in the exhibit, represented by four different objects: one of the world’s first gold coins produced over 2500 years ago; a 1375 banknote from the Ming Dynasty ; a silver coin minted in Bolivia in the late 16th Century; and a plastic credit card exemplifying the changing role of money in the modern world. This point was well articulated in Personal Data: the Emergence of a New Asset Class , a 2011 report by the World Economic Forum. “As

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The Collaborative, Sharing Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

One of the most intriguing was The Collaborative Economy , by Jeremiah Owyang , a partner and analyst at Altimeter Group , whose research focuses on the changing relationships between companies and their customers. . Since the advent of the steam engine in the late 18th century, technology advances have been radically improving the productivity of business, enabling companies to significantly lower their prices while providing higher quality products and services.

e-Clippings (Learning As Art): Off Topic: Lets look at this at this as a chance to learn about oil

Mark Oehlert

e-Clippings (Learning As Art) Home Archives Subscribe About My Social Networks « Soapbox for the Day: Academic Journals like Field Methods, that dont support things like access to their content | Main | The Danger of "Quick Wins » June 19, 2008 Off Topic: Lets look at this at this as a chance to learn about oil Just FYI people - According to a report released in May 2008 by the Energy Information Administration - an office within the Dept.

The Best of Times, The Worst of Times: opportunities and challenges for the L&D profession

Charles Jennings

Rethink what’s gone before and adapt to change, or keep on doing what’s always been done in the hope beyond hope that it will work. The first of these choices has the potential to place L&D departments at the heart of the changes that are driving successful organisations. Two years ago the Corporate Leadership Council’s L&D Team Capabilities Survey reported some stark facts. Innovation is their driver and change is accepted as the norm.

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The Growing Importance of Storytelling in the Business World

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Over the years I’ve learned that when trying to explain a complex new concept or product, it’s important to engage in a kind-of conversation with your intended audience, where you talk about what's in your mind, your questions, your doubts, what you know and what you don't know. In short, you’re telling a story about the concept, product or brand you’re trying to explain. Storytelling is widely used in the development of brands for products as well as companies.

e-Clippings (Learning As Art): SHOCKER: Most Kids Think That Learning from Games Would Be a Good Idea

Mark Oehlert

e-Clippings (Learning As Art) Home Archives Subscribe About My Social Networks « Will Thalheimer and the Answer to Who Learns What from Where | Main | Just remember, I think I thought of it first.the Intact Cohort Conference » April 22, 2008 SHOCKER: Most Kids Think That Learning from Games Would Be a Good Idea Paul McNamara over at Network World s BuzzBlog reports on a study from Project Tomorrow.

Blockchain Killer-Apps

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

A killer app is an IT application whose value is simple to explain, its use is fairly intuitive, and the application turns out to be so useful that it helps propel the success of a product or service. In a digital world, the way we regulate and maintain administrative control has to change.”. But while most ledgers are now digital, their underlying structure has not changed. A recent WSJ CIO Journal article noted that blockchain seems poised to change how supply chains work.

“IT Doesn’t Matter” Ten Years Later

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The jarring headline of Carr’s May 2003 article, IT Doesn’t Matter , is what many people remember, and it tends to overshadow his more thought-provoking thesis: that companies have overestimated the strategic value of IT, which is becoming ubiquitous and therefore diminishing as a source of competitive differentiation.” Right after IT Doesn’t Matter came out, NY Times reporter Steve Lohr wrote a long, front-page story for the Sunday business section. How quickly time passes.

Saving the Internet—and all the commons it makes possible

Doc Searls

As a source of abundance, the Internet’s closest equal is the periodic table. They do that to maximize consumption while minimizing production by those customers. But meanwhile this asymmetrical provisioning prevents production at your end. The Internet was designed to support infinite production by anybody of anything. Reporting on their own involvement in the surveillance business is a third rail they won’t grab. Sources.

The 20th Anniversary of Linux

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

word of the Linux open source project quickly spread around the globe. The Linux kernel, along with the GPL license and other GNU components revolutionized the computer industry with a few very simple, yet very important freedoms: the freedom to use the software for any purpose; the freedom to change the software to suit your needs; the freedom to share the software with your friends and neighbors; and the freedom to change the changes you make.” .

[berkman] Diana Kimball: Coding as a Liberal Art

David Weinberger

She got hired by Microsoft after college, as a technical product manager with the Powerpoint team in Silicon Valley. She’s more proud of the list than the finished products. ” Critical study of selected Github pull requests — how open source projects work, how to rise in the community. ” There’s no better example of this, she says, than open source software. Much of coding is quite new, e.g., open source.

GDPR will pop the adtech bubble

Doc Searls

But the GDPR did happen, and as a result websites all over the world are suddenly posting notices about their changed privacy policies, use of cookies, and opt-in choices for “relevant” or “interest-based” (translation: tracking-based) advertising. The first reports on the Transparency and Consent Framework published by IAB Europe. According to a source, one research study on this type of opt-out mechanism led to opt-out rates of more than 70%.

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On cryptocurrencies, blockchain and all that

Doc Searls

It was released as open-source software in 2009. “A cryptocurrency system is a network that utilizes cryptography to secure transactions in a verifiable database that cannot be changed without being noticed.” ” (Tim Swanson, in Consensus-as-a-service: a brief report on the emergence of permissioned, distributed ledger systems.). And here is a running list of sources I’ve visited, so far: 500 Startups.

Memories from the 1996 Atlanta Olympics

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The Summer Olympics are just about the biggest possible stage for everyone involved, - the athletes; the host cities; and the different companies involved in the production of the Games. We got as ready as we possibly could before the games opened - and then crossed our fingers hoping that things would go well. But, by 1995 the situation had changed. For the regular production Olympics systems, the requirements and capacities were pretty well understood.

Scale and Complex Systemic Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Conventional wisdom these days says that small is better when it comes to innovation and putting new ideas into practice,” writes Mandel at the beginning of the report. They are highly motivated to bring to market new products which offer significantly improved designs and/or lower costs, and thus gain competitive advantage and market share from the established leaders in their segment of the market.

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Rethinking Personal Data

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In January of 2011 they published their first report, - Personal Data: the Emergence of a New Asset Class. . The report’s overall point of view is that personal data is a new asset class touching all aspects of society. The report recommends the development of a principled, collaborative and balanced personal data ecosystem that is capable of evolving and improving over time. This past May, the WEF released a second report, Rethinking Personal Data: Strengthening Trust.

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The Rise of Vendor Relationship Management

John Hagel

They are able to access more and more information about products and vendors and to more readily switch from one vendor to another in a world of expanding choice.  Most of us think of markets in conventional terms – it is about vendors seeking out customers and persuading them to buy more of their products and services.   Doc observes that these contracts of adhesion “nail down the submissive party while the dominant party is free to change whatever it wants.”

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Open, Collaborative Trust Frameworks

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

ID³ , - the Institute for Institutional Innovation by Data Driven Design, - is a new multidisciplinary non-profit institution formed to develop architectural frameworks, open source software and educational content for the protection, sharing and monetization of sensitive data. Regulatory and policy practices cannot possibly keep pace with technological change. Not long ago, such open, community-based initiatives were considered pretty revolutionary.

[berkman] Elliot Maxwell on Openness

David Weinberger

Elliot Maxwell is giving a Berkman lunchtime talk called “Openness: How increasing accessibility and responsiveness can transform processes and systems.&# He sees openness as a lens for understanding processes and systems. Openness is a continuum, Elliot says. For example, open source software benefits from openness, but because decisions are made by assigned individuals, it is not itself fully open. Openness is in part an attitude, he says.

Making Software, Making Money

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

And not so far as when he says that open source does not work. I hate to be the one to state the obvious, but: the fact that open source didn't work for Dave Tosh doesn't mean that open source doesn't work. He writes, Having worked on a true open source project for more than three years I am now more convinced than ever that the open source model does not work. LiveJournal, which has been around for ages (and open source, too).

[liveblog] CV Harquail on generative business

David Weinberger

If you’re a systems thinker, you think about generativity as the source of emergence. Maybe with a small change we can create some generativity. Generative practices come from: Open Source. Generative practices with products include building products that help others, or that are generate when used. Also, consider enabling co-creating by opening up some APIs. Does generativity imply that sort of openness. open equity.

Evaluation of CL/4291 “Draft text of the Recommendation concerning Open Educational Resources”, UNESCO

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

This is the analysis of the UNESCO OER resolution I provided to the Canadian Commission for UNESCO prior to the discussion and vote on the resolution concerning Open Educational Resources It is now a matter of historical record that the resolution did pass. Evaluation of CL/4291 “Draft text of the Recommendation concerning Open Educational Resources”, UNESCO. Many of these practices are embodied in the concept of ‘open pedagogy’.

Open Education, MOOCs, and Opportunities

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

These were designed originally by organizations such as the Open University, in Britain, and Canada''s Athabasca University. Open Education Resources Alongside the development of educational technologies is an equally important movement to support open educational resources. This movement predates the development of the world wide web in 1994, as seen for example in the Gutenberg Project, an open access archive of public domain works of classic literature.

Rejected: On being disappointed, sorta

George Siemens

I find conference presentations, blogging, open courses, and interactions online much more satisfying. Sadly, being slow of learning, I don’t think I’ll change based on this experience. I have appended a slightly revised research proposal below (I made a few changes where anonymity might be warranted). MIT’s OpenCourseWare initiative in 2002 increased attention to open and free sharing of educational course materials (see MIT, 2011). Funding Sources.

Why Crowdsourcing is the future of EVERYTHING (including 12 key areas (with just 3 exceptions))

Trends in the Living Networks

The nature of work for many individuals is likely to change dramatically in coming decades. Entrepreneurs were probably the first to recognize the potential of crowds in generating, developing, testing, and evolving products. This is rapidly going further to where even traditional journalism and news is becoming crowdsourcing, from on-the-spot reporting through filtering, preliminary writing, fact-checking, headline selection and layout, usually overseen by professionals.

The Role of Open Educational Resources in Personal Learning

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

Presented to the Best Practices in Upgrading Online,Calgary, via Adobe Connect, March 29, 2011 The very first thing I want to do is to counter thedisclaimer that frightened me as this session opened, it was very loud, andsaid all kinds of things about how this was all private and cannot be shared.You can share this presentation all you want. I do want to talk about the role of open educationalresources in personal learning. What does it mean to say thatour network is open?