Data Science and the Changing Nature of Research and Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Last month, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS) released the results of a new study, ARISE II: Unleashing America’s Research & Innovation Enterprise. The study examined the current state of US research and innovation; looked at the role of its key players: academia, industry, and government; and proposed a set of recommendations to better address the highly complex challenges we face in the 21st century information economy.

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The Science of Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Innovation - identified by MIT economist and Nobel laureate Robert Solow as the driver of long-term, sustainable economic growth and prosperity - has been a hallmark of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since its inception.” Thus starts The MIT Innovation Initiative: Sustaining and Extending a Legacy of Innovation , the preliminary report of a yearlong effort to define the innovation needed to address some of the world’s most challenging problems.

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Automation and the Changing Demand for Workforce Skills

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In the intervening three years, the study has published a number of report on the subject. Based on an analysis of around 2,000 work activities across 800 different occupations, the report concluded that “fewer than 5 percent of occupations can be entirely automated using current technology.

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Cloud and “Game Changing” Business Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Earlier this year, IBM’s Institute for Business Value published a very good report - The Power of Cloud: Driving Business Model Innovation. Recent technology and social connectivity trends have created a perfect storm of opportunity for companies to embrace the power of cloud to optimize, innovate and disrupt business models,” is the study’s overriding conclusion. . According to the report “cloud empowers six potentially game changing business enablers”: .

The Internet of Things is Changing the World

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

“How the world will change as computers spread into everyday objects,” is the title of the lead article in a comprehensive review of the Internet of Things (IoT) in a r ecent issue of The Economist.

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Serverless Computing - An Innovative Approach to Software Development

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I n October of 2008, The Economist published a special report on a then relatively new, rapidly growing IT development, - cloud computing. I first came across the term in a Forrester report on the Top Emerging Technologies to Watch in 2018.

bias thwarts innovation

Harold Jarche

I was even asked to change the title, something that has never happened before. One example is a pharmaceutical journal interview with Céline Schillinger, whom I know through social media and the Change Agents Worldwide community of practice. Because of conservatism, fear of change, unconscious bias or ‘biased processes’, a narrow archetype of male leader gets favoured over every other talent. Innovation requires diversity. Innovation is in a state of perpetual beta.

Once Lumbering, Now Innovative Incumbents Hit Their Stride

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Two decades after the Internet became a platform for transformation, we’re still wondering how it all might turn out,” notes the report. “The signals aren’t always clear. Even in industries where competitive concentration is increasing, innovation hasn’t – as would be expected – flatlined.”. They’ve outperformed their peers in financial results and innovation over the past three years. What’s changed in a few short years?

Disruptive Innovations and Large Companies

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The subject of my seminar was Managing Technology-based Disruptive Innovations. Given my long career at IBM, as well as my more recent involvement with Citi, it is not surprising that I am particularly interested in entrepreneurship and innovation in large companies. In March of 2009, The Economist published a very good special report on entrepreneurship. The defining characteristic of entrepreneurship, then, is not the size of the company but the act of innovation.”.

The Challenges of Automation in a Fast Changing Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

“Technological innovation should be embraced,” notes Automation and a Changing Economy , a recently published report by The Aspen Institute. “Automation has been a largely positive economic and social force, and looking forward, automation will be necessary to feed, house, and raise the living standards of a growing and aging population.” . Let me summarize the key conclusions and recommendations in each of the report’s two sections.

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The change is here

Clark Quinn

For a number of years now (at least six ), I’ve been beating the drum about the need for organizations to be prepared to address change. Now we’re seeing the evidence that the change has arrived. Two recent reports highlight the awareness. Gallup released a report on The State of the American Workplace recently that talks about the lack of engagement at work. The Gallup report concludes with new behaviors for leaders and managers.

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Human Capital and the Changing Nature of Work

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

But on balance, such fears appear to be unfounded, noted the World Bank in a comprehensive recent report on The Changing Nature of Work. That’s a mistake, because neglecting investments in human capital can dramatically weaken a country’s competitiveness in a rapidly changing world, one in which economies need ever-increasing amounts of talent to sustain growth.” . How is the Nature of Work Changing? People have long feared that machines are coming for our jobs.

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Innovation as a Journey into the Future

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I recently read an excellent innovation report, - Strategic Orientations for Innovation: Chile in the 2025 Horizon. The document was developed by Chile’s National Innovation Council for Competitiveness (CNIC) , a public-private organization charged with providing advice to the President of the Republic on policies that will strengthen innovation and competitiveness in the country. This was like no innovation document I’ve read.

The Complex Nature of Cloud-based Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I find it helpful to look at cloud along two key dimensions: as a technology to improve IT productivity, and as a platform for enabling business innovation. Only one company in six viewed cloud as a way of fostering business innovation. In addition, cloud can help business users become more agile and keep up with the fast pace of technological and market changes. But, for many companies, the use of cloud to foster business innovation and growth remains elusive.

Innovation in Higher Education

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Moreover, while the overall unemployment rate remains over 9 percent, a recent McKinsey report found that employers are having trouble filling specific positions because they could not find applicants with the right skills. The report projects that if economic conditions improve, there will be a shortage of 1.5 The report is written by Clayton Christensen , Michael Horn , Louis Caldera and Louis Soares. Disruptive innovations are based on two main ingredients.

Open Services Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Earlier this year, UC Berkeley professor Henry Chesbrough published a new book, Open Services Innovation: Rethinking Your Business to Grow and Compete in a New Era. This is his third book on open innovation in the last eight years, having published Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology in 2003, and Open Business Models: How to Thrive in the New Innovation Landscape in 2006. t from your innovation activities.

Game-Changing Basic Research: Benefits and Challenges

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Innovation Deficit , - a report on both the long term benefits of basic research and the impact on those benefits of declining federal investments. innovation deficit, attributable in part to declining public investment in research.” . While basic research may not have immediate payoffs, many innovations now critical to economic competitiveness are a direct result of past federally-funded research initiatives.

Intervention Design: Overcoming Stiff Resistance to a New, Disruptive Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

With four articles on the subject, HBR ’s overriding message is that design is no longer just for physical products, being increasingly applied to customer experiences, innovation, business strategy, and complex problem solving. . When first introduced, disruptive innovations are likely encounter stiff resistance, both within one’s own organization and in the marketplace, - otherwise we wouldn’t call them disruptive.

Leadership in a Changing World

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

What are the critical competencies needed to lead in our fast-changing business environment? Its findings were recently published in The CEO Report: Embracing the Paradoxes of Leadership and the Power of Doubt. The key challenge confronting CEOs, - and senior executives in general, - is the relentless pace of change. But, w hile speed is the major dimension of change, it’s not the only one. Is the change evolutionary or revolutionary in nature?

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Technology, Resources and Innovation

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

The stovepipe innovations - why are you settling for it? We studied compatibility issues and notice the change in instructor attitudes, improvements to Moodle, and new educational apps, all in three years. Most reported positive outcomes (95%). But because of 3D glasses, you can use that and have a full-screen projection, so tech is changing.

Changing the landscape of health

Dave Snowden

To manage a complex system we need to changes the dispositions of populations and small level social interactions. People are fundamentally influenced by the micro narratives of their day to day lives, rather than grand narratives of change and admonishment. In the latter case there is no longer a need to depend on reported experience in a consultation as the real time data is already there. Diabetes Innovation Managing Complex Systems

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Innovation. Maybe.

Jay Cross

“All human institutions since the dawn of prehistory or earlier had always been designed to prevent change–all of them: family, government, church, army. Change has always been a catastrophic threat to human security.” “The disturbing fact is that the vast majority of people, including educated and otherwise sophisticated people find the idea of change so threatening that they attempt to deny its existence.

Scale and Complex Systemic Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The column addresses a fundamental question that those studying innovation have been wrestling with for years: “Are big companies the best catalysts of innovation, or are small ones better?” The column is based on a recent study - Scale and Innovation in Today’s Economy - by Michael Mandel , chief economic strategist of the Progressive Policy Institute. As a result, there are reasons to believe that scale may be a plus for innovation in today’s economy, not a minus.”

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Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation, Fundamental Research and Universities

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Irving Wladawsky-Berger A collection of observations, news and resources on the changing nature of innovation, technology, leadership, and other subjects. Home Archives Subscribe « Becoming an Innovation Leader – Is There More than One Style?

Innovation at the State Dept.

David Weinberger

I just read Revolution@State , a pretty amazing report by the Lowy Institute , an independent policy think tank, about the extent and depth of e-diplomacy initiatives at the State Department. The Net is bringing about cultural changes at State. The report goes through the many offices directly involved in e-diplomacy, but singles out the 80-person E-Diplomacy group for special focus and praise, lauding its entrepreneurial spirit. The Lowy report confirms that.

An Emerging Platform for Digital, Inclusive Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The Internet became an incredible platform for innovation, enabling startups, large institutions, and everyone in between to quickly develop and bring to market many new digital products and services. Its reach and connectivity led to the creation of all kinds of innovative, digital applications. But, this picture has started to change in the last five years or so. Together, these advances are giving rise to an Internet-based platform for digital, inclusive innovations.

Measuring the Forces of Long Term Change

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Intel co-founder Gordon Moore described what became known as Moore’s Law in a 1965 paper where he observed that the number of components in integrated circuits had doubled every year since their invention in 1958, and predicted that the trend would continue for at least ten years, a prediction he subsequently changed to a doubling every two years. The Foundation index has been growing at a ten percent CGR since 1993, and is the primary driver of all the other changes.

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A Conversation on Innovation

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

Re: the negative side of innovation, there's a prettyconsistent assessment of innovation & technology, a pretty consistentstatement, by the youth in the occupy movement. Is there a negative side ofprogress, of change? If we go one step beyond innovation, we have actuallyreached a cusp in the west. Does the general population support innovation? We need to start thinking about 'innovation' and'Innovation'. For whom and why must we innovate.

Patent Activity and the State of US Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The study examines whether patent activity is a good concrete indicator of innovation, economic growth and productivity by looking at historical data going all the way back to 1790. This is a timely report given recent concerns that the US might be losing its innovation edge. Given the close link between innovation and economic growth, it’s not surprising that questions are being raised whether our current slow growth is evidence that the innovation engine is now stalled.

Challenging Mindsets: From Reverse Innovation to Innovation Blowback

John Hagel

Views on innovation in developing economies are evolving rapidly, yet they still do not capture the full significance of what is going on. Executives in the West are still prisoners of a mindset that equates innovation with technology and product innovation. This blinds them to significant alternative forms of innovation that can profoundly disrupt their businesses in the years ahead. Early view of innovation. Reverse innovation. Innovation blowback.

Report from Denmark: Designing the new public library at Aarhus, and the People’s Lab

David Weinberger

Knud Schulze, manager of the main library in Aarhus , Denmark and Jne Kunze of the People’s Lab in Denmark are giving talks, hosted by the Harvard Library Innovation Lab. Three and a half years ago, the Danes wrote a report on public libraries in the knowledge society, and went looking for partnerships, which is unusual for the Danes, says Knud. Recognition/experience, empowerment, learning, innovation. Libraries are symbols of development and innovation in the society.

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Cultural change in Singapore

Dave Snowden

I expect to report back on some of that work in future months, this week is scoping and discussing. If you come to a country once or twice a year (more frequently at times) you get a better sense of change than if you live there. There was concern about innovation and programmes were put into place (some of which I was involved in) to change that. Much is the same, much has changed.

Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Large Companies

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In March of 2009, The Economist published a special report on entrepreneurship. It defined the term as: “somebody who offers an innovative solution to a (frequently unrecognised) problem. The defining characteristic of entrepreneurship, then, is not the size of the company but the act of innovation.” I have seen first hand how difficult entrepreneurship and innovation is for large enterprises.

Education and Services Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Technology and innovation are badly needed, but progress has been painfully slow. One of the reports we produced and sent to the President was Using Information Technology to Transform the Way We Learn. One of our most important findings in the report was: “Information technology, used both within classroom settings with well-educated and motivated teachers and by individuals, can provide access to world-class facilities and experiences.

Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Talent, Innovation and Competitiveness

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Irving Wladawsky-Berger A collection of observations, news and resources on the changing nature of innovation, technology, leadership, and other subjects. I was a member of the reports Advisory Committee and participated in the Washington forum.

Innovation in an Age of Austerity

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

On December 7 I participated in an Innovation Summit sponsored by the UK Innovation Research Centre (UK-IRC) at the University of Cambridge. The UK-IRC is “a collaborative initiative for cutting-edge research and knowledge exchange activities on how innovation can make businesses more competitive, improve public services delivery and help the UK meet the social, environmental and economic challenges it faces.”

The True Value of a Good Education: Adaptability to a Changing Environment

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In his 1945 seminal report, Science The Endless Frontier , presidential science advisor Vannevar Bush laid out the blueprint for R&D in post-war America: “New knowledge can be obtained only through basic scientific research” conducted in universities and research labs, which is then applied to develop new products by the private sector and new and improved weapons by the defense sector.

The Good News On The Key Economic Issue of Our Times: Management Innovation

Steve Denning

In his post, The Truth of American Superiority at Innovation , Fred Allen draws attention to new study by General Electric, the “ GE Global Innovation Barometer ,” which outlines a new landscape for innovation in the 21st century. as the most innovative nation.

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[shorenstein][2b2k] Wesley Lowery on covering Ferguson and the effect of social media on the reporting ecosystem

David Weinberger

Wesley Lowery is a Washington Post reporter, recently ex of the Boston Globe. He does not cede all ground to social media, but instead uses it to do his job as a reporter, and sees its effect on every facet of his role. ” He said he would be ok with that but only because so much of his social media contribution consists of references to other sources and other people, including to reports by other newspapers. That changed the tenor and the depth of our coverage.

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The Leader's Guide to Radical Management: 84% vote for change in.

Steve Denning

84% vote for change I reported on Tuesday the shocking statistic that 84% of workers in the US plan to change jobs in 2011. It also shows the futility of changing jobs: when most of the jobs suck, changing jobs won't do anyone much good.

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From Trash Cans to Nokia: Is Creativity Innovation?

Steve Denning

Understanding the difference between creativity and innovation can shed light on seemingly contradictory ideas, namely, that User-Led Innovation Can’t Create Breakthroughs and an article by Patricia Cohen in the New York Times last week about inventions created by users: Innovation Far Removed From the Lab. In fact, she is talking about creativity, rather than innovation. Creativity vs Innovation at Nokia. Good” management kills innovation.

An innovative workshop on radical management

Steve Denning

In these three days ( March 19-21 in Washington DC ), you will discover how to use radical management to thrive in the 21 st Century creative economy and the world of continuous innovation. Have you ever wondered how your firm is going to survive and thrive as the world economy goes through a fundamental phase change—from industrial bureaucracy to a creative economy of continuous innovation? Why innovation happens “despite” the system, not because of it.

Everything You Need to Know About Social Business and Enterprise 2.0 in Three Short Reports

Andy McAfee

But the reports are still quite good. Open Innovation (OI) , or tapping into the wisdom of crowds to help solve problems and formulate new offerings. Reports of our findings have just been released under the heading “ When Social Meets Business Real Work Gets Done.” ” The three reports are short, but dense with useful facts, conclusions, and recommendations. Only 18% of survey respondents report that they have efforts underway in this area.