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Scale and Complex Systemic Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

They are highly motivated to bring to market new products which offer significantly improved designs and/or lower costs, and thus gain competitive advantage and market share from the established leaders in their segment of the market. We generally think of large companies as being good at operations and incremental innovations, which require them to excel at management discipline, detailed information analysis and project management.

Learning and Performance Support Systems

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

This post is to introduce you to our Learning and Performance Support Systems program, a new $19 million 5-year initiative at the National Research Council that I will be leading.

How Can We Ensure that Our Complex AI Systems Do What We Want Them to Do?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Software-intensive systems are generally quite flexible, - able to evolve and adapt to changing product and market requirements. However, their very flexibility makes it difficult to adequately anticipate and test all the interactions between the various components of the system.

Low-Cost Test and Quiz Tool Comparison

Tony Karrer

I’ve recently been working with Sameer Bhatia the CEO of ProProfs as I was going through an evaluation of various online tools that support easy, fast, low-cost testing and quiz tools. Evaluation Criteria For the specific need I was looking at, I was looking for the following out of a solution: Cost : Is the tool free or very-low cost to use? Can the test data be retrieved for analysis or backup? It has a free and a low-cost version. Low cost.

The cost of codification

Harold Jarche

At the highest level of abstraction (you have a conversation with yourself) the cost of codification is very low as you have a 100% shared context (hopefully). On the other hand if you want to share your knowledge with everyone then the cost of codification will approach infinity. The connected company - excellent analysis of social business; by @davegray. Companies are not so much machines as complex, dynamic, growing systems.

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The Evolution of the Internet of Very Smart Things

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

It’s impractical to move all that data to a central cloud for analysis and actions. These systems were optimized for simplicity and flexibility, and their graphical user interfaces led to many innovative applications, including the new web-based applications in the 1990s.

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The Economic Potential of The Internet of Things

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Ubiquitous or Pervasive Computing dates back to the 1990s, when neither the necessary low-cost devices nor ubiquitous wireless networking were anywhere near ready. The study is based on a careful analysis of over 150 concrete IoT applications across the global economy.

The Emergence of Cognitive Computing

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The colloquium, - which was part of IBM’s Centennial celebration, - brought together experts across industry and academia to discuss and debate the direction of four key Grand Challenges at the very leading edge of IT: nano systems, exascale, big data, and cognitive computing. We will be able to design sophisticated, powerful nano systems-on-a-chip that will be totally contained within such a trillion transistor nano device.

Reflections on the Longevity of Mainframes

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As pointed out in the announcement, the new system is a result of more than $1B in R&D investments over the past four years, resulting in major improvements in performance, security, availability and other key enterprise features. I was a second year college student at the University of Chicago when the System 360 was first announced in April of 1964. The architecture of client-server systems was quite different from that of mainframes.

The Untethered, Hyperconnected Enterprise

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

With digital platforms, cloud and other such capabilities, the cost of experimentation is much lower than in the past, whereas the cost of missed opportunities is very high. Unlike the academic panel, the CIOs emphasized the need for ROI analysis and careful planning, especially when considering big technology bets. There is bad-legacy , which costs too much to support and constrains innovation. A few weeks ago I attended the MIT Sloan CIO Symposium.

Is There a STEM Crisis or a STEM Surplus?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

universities and is recruited increasingly from abroad, looks more like a pool of low-cost research lab workers with limited career prospects than a high-quality training program for soon-to-be academic researchers. Is the US facing a critical shortage of STEM skills?

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New Tools Beget Revolutions: Big Data and the 21st Century Information-based Society

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

This is the first time in human history that we have the ability to see enough about ourselves that we can hope to actually build social systems that work qualitatively better than the systems we’ve always had. On May 22 I attended the 2013 MIT Sloan CIO Symposium.

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Automation and Employment in the 21st Century

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

McKinsey’s comprehensive report, - over 130 pages, - is the most detailed analysis I’ve seen on the subject. But our analysis shows that humans will still be needed in the workforce: the total productivity gains we estimate will only come about if people work alongside machines.

The Rise of the T-Shaped Organization

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Operational excellence entails improving the existing products and services of the company with incremental innovations that will add new features, lower costs and improve quality.

“Flexible Security”: A Sensible Social Policy for our Digital Age

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Ubiquitous communications and very low transaction costs are giving rise to a new class of firm, the on demand company , which aims to efficiently bring together consumers and suppliers of goods and services with their highly scalable platforms and innovative applications.

Parallel Supercomputing: Past, Present and Future

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Everything changed, from the underlying computer architecture, to the operating systems, programming tools, mathematical methods and applications. IBM has since become a leader in supercomputing, with 160 of the top 500 systems in the latest Top500 list and 5 of the top 10.

The Big Data Era Is Here

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

During the meeting, the TRB Executive Committee held a policy session on the impact of big data on transportation systems. We can now leverage science and technology to help us better understand people-centric, sociotechnical systems.

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Cloud, Services and the Transformation of Production

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Is it a return to centralized computing , driven by the rising complexities, management costs and energy inefficiencies of distributed systems? The value of hybrid services depends on having human capabilities augmented by increasingly sophisticated ICT systems.” .

eLearning Costs : eLearning Technology

Tony Karrer

Personal Learning Informal Learning Corporate eLearning eLearning Design Authoring Tools Rapid e-Learning Tools eLearning (e-Learning) e-Learning Software Blended e-Learning e-Learning Tools Learning Management Systems (LMS) e-Learning ROI and Metrics Search via eLearning Learning for first time visitors Thursday, September 10, 2009 eLearning Costs : eLearning Technology A reader sent a note asking my opinion on the vendor pricing in The Great eTrain Robbery?

Embracing Disruptive Change - Why Is it So Difficult?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

For a startup, a disruptive innovation is an opportunity to take on established companies with new products that offer significantly better capabilities and/or lower costs. Complex Systems Economic Issues Innovation Management and Leadership Technology and Strategy

Realizing the Potential of the Digital Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The report introduced the Digital Evolution Index , a data-driven analysis of the unique digital trajectory being followed by each of the 50 countries. A few weeks ago I attended the 12th annual Brookings Blum Roundtable on Global Poverty.

Business Winners: Combining Scale with Agility

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Operational excellence entails improving the existing products and services of the company with a string of incremental innovations that will add new features, lower cost and improve quality. Operational excellence requires detailed analysis of technologies, quality, processes, competitors, customer satisfaction and market segments, and as such, is well suited to a more hierarchic style of management.

Big Data Takes Center Stage

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In 2000, only one-quarter of the world’s stored information was digital and therefore subject to search and analysis. When collecting data was costly and processing it was difficult and time consuming, the sample was a savior.

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The Changing Nature of Globalization in Our Hyperconnected, Knowledge-Intensive Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As the cost of smartphones and Internet access keep dropping, data and communications flows, - the enabling foundation for all other digital flows, - will continue increasing at a similar torrid pace.

Pareto Paring - Achieving Strategic Cost Reduction

John Hagel

As revenues erode, cost cutting becomes a top priority for all firms. There is the great leveler – everyone is mandated to take the same percent out of their cost base. Most can see that this makes no sense – all costs are not equal and some parts of the business are much less productive than others. Unfortunately, this tends to be the most common approach to cost reduction. So, what does this have to do with cost cutting?

Leveraging the Passions of Fans

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

It used surveys, interviews and social media analysis to better understand how international football fans engage with their favorite teams. The analysis of all that data was then used to develop a new framework to better understand the behaviors and motivations of World Cup fans.

Strategy and Execution in an Increasingly Complex World

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Often, this is because they associate strategy with analysis and execution with getting things done, and they attribute more value to doing than to analyzing.” . Technology is also contributing to growing complexity - creating a world that is massively interconnected, with broad-based convergence of systems of all kinds, both man-made systems like supply chains or cities; and natural systems like weather patterns or natural disasters.

A Data Science Approach to Organizational Health

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The analysis uncovered that three key attributes are fundamental to organizational health: Internal Alignment : “The organization has a compelling vision and a well-articulated strategy that is supported by its culture and climate.”. A 2013 Deloitte report, Success or Struggle?

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Shaping the Future of the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

With strong government support, they developed a system that “only a researcher could love: general, abstract, optimized for nothing, and open to exploration of more or less anything imaginable using connected computers.”. But at what cost? “To

Complex Organizational Systems: Some Common Principles

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Last week I attended the second Engineering Systems Symposium at MIT. The Symposium was co-sponsored by MIT’s Engineering Systems Division and CESUN - the Council of Engineering Systems Universities. Chuck Vest , - former MIT president, and now head of the National Academy of Engineering , - gave an excellent keynote address. The panel included talks on financial, health care and energy systems by three of the most eminent leaders in their respective fields.

Is a College Education Still Worth It?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Not going to college will cost you about half a million dollars.” Between 1965 and 2010, the lifetime present value, - after accounting for tuition costs, - of a college versus a high school education has risen from $213,000 to $590,000 for men and from $129,000 to $370,000 for women. .

The IT-based Transformation of Services

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The codification of service activities allows the rapid replication, analysis, re-configuration, customization, and creation of new services. We can measure how much it costs to produce these offerings and measure productivity by how much those costs decrease over time. How can you offer higher quality offerings and overall customer service at affordable costs?

The Science of Information-based Predictions

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In political elections, as is the case when dealing with any highly complex, fast changing, chaotic and unpredictable system, predictions can only be expressed in terms of probability distributions, and they are generally quite volatile as new information and unanticipated events are factored in.

The right tool for the right job

Harold Jarche

In my presentation, From Training, to Performance, to Social , I describe how Human Performance Technology (HPT) is systemic and systematic, but not very human. However, HPT, especially performance analysis can be a useful tool, if used selectively and appropriately.

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What is stopping companies from measuring learning: Skillsets, datasets, toolsets or mindsets?

Xyleme

Are they simply another budget line item or overhead cost? As anyone familiar with analytics will tell you, the data exists but the difficulty many companies have is finding a way to collect it for meaningful analysis.

The Limits of Strategy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I first met Ernie some time in the mid 1980s when I was VP of development in IBM’s large systems division. He focuses on the major changes that the IT industry, and its four leading companies went through in the early 1990s: “In our analysis, 1992 was a killing year for the four computer companies most important to business buyers. Tags: Complex Systems Economic Issues Innovation Management and Leadership Technology and Strategy

The Competitive Value of Data: From Analytics to Machine Learning

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

IBM’s System 360 family of mainframes, announced in 1964, became the premier platform for commercial computing over the following 25 years by developing a 3rd party ecosystem of add-on hardware, software and services.

The Employment Challenge in the US Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Spence and Hlatshwayo examined the evolving structure of the American economy from 1990 to 2008 by looking at its tradable and nontradable components using data from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Economic Analysis. These days, corporate executives are continually adjusting their global sourcing, with the goals of reducing costs and maximizing profits.

The Long Term Impact of AI on Jobs - Some Lessons from History

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The same pattern can be seen in industry after industry after the introduction of computers, says Mr Bessen: rather than destroying jobs, automation redefines them, and in ways that reduce costs and boost demand. Governments took a century to respond with new education and welfare systems.”.

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Openness: Why learners should know about, and influence, how decisions are made about their learning

George Siemens

Systems can be closed and blackboxed only once they are working well and the context in which they exist is stable. Rigid systems break in periods of flux. As a result, the concepts behind the open source movement soon spread to other areas: business, government, and social systems.