“Flexible Security”: A Sensible Social Policy for our Digital Age

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The article makes a strong case for flexicurity - shorthand for flexible security, - a social model from the Nordic countries which aims to achieve both flexibility in labor markets and security for workers. Like me, many workers enjoyed relatively secure, stable jobs and a number of company benefits, including health care insurance, vacations and retirement pensions. Entrepreneurship and flexible security.

How Can We Ensure that Our Complex AI Systems Do What We Want Them to Do?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Things are even tougher with people-centric sociotechnical systems, which not only have to deal with potential software problems, but with the even more complex issues involved in human behaviors and interactions. And, at the bleeding-edges of complexity are data-driven AI systems , which are generally based on statistical analysis and machine learning methods. . What is it that makes these systems so intrinsically complex? What purpose does this complexity serve?

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Complexity and Design in Warfare

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The workshop explored how design-oriented approaches can help us better understand and deal with the very complex problems we are increasingly encountering in all aspects of business, economies, government, public policy, military operations and society in general. Some of the areas explored by the Forum are emerging technologies, organizational development, economic competition, and the changing concept of security. Analysis involves a relatively linear set of steps.

Pseudorandom Thoughts on Privacy, Security and Trust

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

Contributing factors include expanding networks, growing e-commerce, complex software, greater pressure to reduce time to market, and the ubiquity of computers. A system is only as secure as its weakest point. Feynman also got involved in safe-cracking - he would try to find patterns in the security. From a security implementor's point of view - stupid defenses only keep out stupid attackers. Planning for security in the design stage is rarely done.

Could AI Reshape the Global Balance of Power?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence (NSCAI) was established by the US Congress in Fiscal Year 2019 to “advance the development of artificial intelligence, machine learning, and associated technologies by the United States to comprehensively address the national security and defense needs of the United States.” AI has the potential to significantly advance national security. Apply AI to National Security Missions.

The Collapse of Complex Business Models ? Clay Shirky

Clay Shirky

The Times’ Paywall and Newsletter Economics » The Collapse of Complex Business Models. In 1988, Joseph Tainter wrote a chilling book called The Collapse of Complex Societies. Every one of those groups had rich traditions, complex social structures, advanced technology, but despite their sophistication, they collapsed, impoverishing and scattering their citizens and leaving little but future archeological sites as evidence of previous greatness. Clay Shirky.

The Blockchain Value Framework

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The white paper is based on a global survey of 550 individuals across 13 industries, including automotive, banking, and retail; interviews with CEOs and public sector leaders; and a detailed analysis of 79 blockchain projects. Based on its analysis of almost 80 blockchain projects and its dozens of interviews with private and public sector leaders, the study developed the “blockchain value framework.”

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The Economic Value of Digital Identity

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In a world that’s increasingly governed by digital transactions and data, our existing methods for managing security and privacy are proving inadequate. McKinsey’s analysis was informed by nearly 100 concrete uses of digital IDs in seven countries: Brazil, China, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, the UK and the US. Identity plays a major role in our everyday life.

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Impact of AI on Government - Opportunities and Challenges

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

This first report is focused on the impact of AI on the federal workforce, based on an analysis of the jobs and tasks most susceptible to automation, as well as on roundtables and interviews with over 40 AI experts. Top AI challenges include bias, security, transparency, employee knowledge, and federal budget and procurement processes. Security.

Blockchain Beyond the Hype

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Every piece of information in the ledger is secure because it’s encrypted using public-key cryptography , which can only be decrypted with the appropriate private key. Blockchain enables the members of an ecosystem to securely share data even if all the members are not fully trusted. But there are significant drawbacks, including performance and complexity. Blockchain is 100% secure and tamper-proof.

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The Economic Potential of The Internet of Things

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The report analyzes the long term economic potential of IoT, and uses this analysis to estimate the economic value of several IoT-based solutions by 2025. Given the breadth and complex nature of IoT-based solutions, quantifying their potential value is very difficult indeed, especially since such smart solutions , - e.g., smart cities , smart homes , smart healthcare , - are still in the very early stages of development. Privacy, Security, Confidentiality and IP.

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Blockchain Can Reshape Financial Services… But it Will Take Significant Time and Investment

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Not surprisingly given their complexity, change comes much slower to global financial infrastructures. The majority of the 130-page report consists of a deep-dive analysis of how DLT might apply to several different use cases. Transforming this highly complex global ecosystem is very difficult. Overcoming these challenges will add complexity and delay large-scale, multi-party DLT implementations.

About face

Doc Searls

Examples from that link: “Face Detection & Landmarks…Facial Analysis & Attributes…Facial Expressions & Emotion… Verification, Similarity & Search.” If that person returns in the future and the facial-recognition software detects them, security will be dispatched to ask the gambler to leave.” the largest data sets, the most complex organizations and relationships, and. We can know more than we can tell.

Blockchain and Business Process Transformation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The advent of PCs and personal productivity applications in the 1980s made it possible to apply IT to front-office processes involving people and services, such as word processing in office systems, spreadsheets for data analysis, sales-force automation and customer support. Subsequent analysis helped explain this seeming productivity paradox by looking at historical parallels.

The Evolution of Work in Urban Labor Markets

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

low skill, low wage jobs , - cleaning, security, gardeners, health aides, fast-food restaurants: these jobs have seen rising employment, while their wage growth, has been flat to negative. Autor’s analysis showed that the well understood polarization of employment by education attainment has been accompanied by, and is likely the result of a less widely recognized polarization of jobs across geographic regions.

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The President’s Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Former national security advisor Tom Donilon and former IBM CEO Sam Palmisano serve as chair and vice-chair respectively. Transforming this highly complex ecosystem has proved to be very difficult. Not surprisingly, change comes slowly to such a complex ecosystem. The evolution of our complex, global financial infrastructures will be a tough and lengthy undertaking, no matter how innovative and exciting the new technologies might be.

On the Governance of Blockchain: Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Their analysis helped me better appreciate the design objectives and organizational cultures of the various blockchain camps, as well as the key governance challenges each faces going forward. However, since blockchain is all about the creation, exchange and management of valuable assets, its applications are like to be considerably more complex to develop than Internet applications. payments, smart contracts, securities clearance, insurance, etc.).

Shaping the Future of the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As is the case with any complex system, the Internet’s design has been the result of many different choices. As a result, there’s no one overall owner responsible for security , - arguably the biggest challenge facing the Internet. The responsibility for security is divided among several actors, making it significantly harder to achieve. The Winter 2016 issue of Dædalus , the Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences , is devoted to the Internet.

Data 159

Human-AI Decision Systems

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In modern societies, decision systems provide a leader the ability to make informed and timely decisions, supported by a complex enterprise of distributed information and communication systems that provide situational awareness. But, despite the increasingly complex decisions that organizations are called upon to make, decision-making remains human-intensive and anecdotal.

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The MIT Intelligence Quest

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

She soon learned that data analysis and tools like machine learning were barely being used in the treatment of cancer, and, in fact, that good data about the disease was hard to find. It includes the use of machine-learning models for consumer credit risk management and applications of secure multi-party computation to financial regulation. How does human intelligence work, in biological as well as in engineering terms?

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The Evolution of the Internet of Very Smart Things

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

It’s impractical to move all that data to a central cloud for analysis and actions. With fog on the other hand, the analysis is done in real time at or near the edge devices, from which actions then flow across the network, with only the data to be stored being transferred to the central cloud. These factors eventually led to significantly increased management complexities and costs.

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Anticipating the Future of the IT Industry

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

How can we best anticipate the future of a complex, fast changing industry like IT? Let me share some of my personal impressions of this journey through the lens of three key areas, each of which has played a major role throughout IT’s history, and will continue to do so well into its future: data centers, transaction processing, and data analysis. Data Analysis → Data Science, Cognitive, AI.

A Novel Approach for Measuring the True Impact of the Digital Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

While suitable when economies were dominated by the production of physical goods, GDP doesn’t adequately capture the growing share and variety of services and the development of increasingly complex solutions in our 21st century digital economy. A truly digital economy is one in which businesses from across the industrial spectrum are investing in digital and making the most productive use of it,” notes the report. “The mechanisms by which this is happening are complex and evolving.

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The Science of Cities

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Urban systems are the quintessential example of complex sociotechnical systems , the emerging field studying systems that combine powerful and ubiquitous digital technologies with the people and organizations they are transforming. Such systems exhibit a level of complexity that, until recently, has often been beyond our ability to understand and control. This emerging field aims to go beyond the analysis of cities and similar sociotechnical systems.

Is There a STEM Crisis or a STEM Surplus?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

A NY Times article recently added that “The United States is producing more research scientists than academia can handle… The lure of a tenured job in academia is great - it means a secure, prestigious position directing a lab that does cutting-edge experiments, often carried out by underlings. Their answer, as is often the case with such complex questions, is that both sides are right. Their analysis yielded the following findings: “The STEM labor market is heterogeneous.

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Reflections on the Longevity of Mainframes

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As pointed out in the announcement, the new system is a result of more than $1B in R&D investments over the past four years, resulting in major improvements in performance, security, availability and other key enterprise features. Over the years, the IBM mainframes have continued to carefully design the hardware and operating systems software together to optimize performance and industrial strength, e.g., security, systems management, availability and other ilities.

The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2016

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Horizon scanning for emerging technologies is crucial to staying abreast of developments that can radically transform our world, enabling timely expert analysis in preparation for these disruptors,” said Meyerson. Instead, every user can access the entire blockchain, and every transfer of funds from one account to another is recorded in a secure and verifiable form by using mathematical techniques borrowed from cryptography… The technology doesn’t make theft impossible, just harder.

What’s the Value of a Liberal Arts Education in Our 21st Century Digital Economy?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In retrospect, the biggest benefit of my excellent University of Chicago education has been less the physics, math, and computer skills that I learned, and more the ability to address complex problems, to work with a variety of people, and to keep acquiring new knowledge throughout my career. Educated people should be able to express complex ideas in clear writing and speech. Do they properly prepare students for our increasingly complex, diverse and dynamic world?

Blockchain and Business Process Transformation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The advent of PCs and personal productivity applications in the 1980s made it possible to apply IT to front-office processes involving people and services, such as word processing in office systems, spreadsheets for data analysis, sales-force automation and customer support. Subsequent analysis helped explain this seeming productivity paradox by looking at historical parallels.

Human-AI Decision Systems

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In modern societies, decision systems provide a leader the ability to make informed and timely decisions, supported by a complex enterprise of distributed information and communication systems that provide situational awareness. But, despite the increasingly complex decisions that organizations are called upon to make, decision-making remains human-intensive and anecdotal.

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The Vital Role of Research in Preserving the American Dream

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The report makes the case that over the past half-century, research-based scientific and technological advancements have been the main drivers of economic growth and job creation, and their impact will likely rise in our increasingly complex, knowledge-based society. Secure America’s Leadership in Science and Engineering Research – Especially Basic Research – by Providing Sustainable Federal Funding and Setting Long-Term Investment Goals. .

The MIT Intelligence Quest

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

She soon learned that data analysis and tools like machine learning were barely being used in the treatment of cancer, and, in fact, that good data about the disease was hard to find. It includes the use of machine-learning models for consumer credit risk management and applications of secure multi-party computation to financial regulation. How does human intelligence work, in biological as well as in engineering terms?

A Novel Approach for Measuring the True Impact of the Digital Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

While suitable when economies were dominated by the production of physical goods, GDP doesn’t adequately capture the growing share and variety of services and the development of increasingly complex solutions in our 21st century digital economy. A truly digital economy is one in which businesses from across the industrial spectrum are investing in digital and making the most productive use of it,” notes the report. “The mechanisms by which this is happening are complex and evolving.

Report 100

Leveraging the Passions of Fans

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

It used surveys, interviews and social media analysis to better understand how international football fans engage with their favorite teams. The analysis of all that data was then used to develop a new framework to better understand the behaviors and motivations of World Cup fans. Most fans engage in a combination of logics, and further data analysis reveals the most frequently occurring logic mixtures, yielding in essence a distinct set of football fan profiles.

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The Citi-Imperial Digital Money Readiness Index

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

We looked at digital money as a highly complex sociotechnical ecosystem, that is, a technology-intensive system that has major societal, economic and political implications, like cities, healthcare and education. But, an analysis of the data at each stage reveals the most likely bottlenecks whose resolutions will increase the likelihood that a country will transition to the next readiness stage. .

Mainframes and Clouds

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

IBM is now extending the benefits of its mainframe management architecture, including high efficiency, scalability, security and reliability, to other platforms in the data center, starting with Intel-based Linux systems and Power -based Unix systems. Because they were used to manage the critical resources of the enterprise, security was absolutely essential. Mainframes have been designed and optimized for such complex, data intensive workloads.

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The Untethered, Hyperconnected Enterprise

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Unlike the academic panel, the CIOs emphasized the need for ROI analysis and careful planning, especially when considering big technology bets. Stitching together the overall infrastructure to support a variety of cloud services and mobile devices requires discipline, otherwise things will not work or there might be serious security and quality breakdowns. . It cannot be based on rigorous information analysis, because in its early stages, there is little information to analyze.

New Tools Beget Revolutions: Big Data and the 21st Century Information-based Society

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

It will be complex, develop hitherto unforeseen forms, and will have to respond to unforeseen challenges. cantly advance the state of the art in meta-analysis of cancer chemotherapy trials and fundamentally changing the design process for new chemotherapy clinical trials,” they wrote in the concluding remarks. On May 22 I attended the 2013 MIT Sloan CIO Symposium.

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The USAID-Citi Mobile Money Alliance

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

USAID and Citi share a common belief that expanding the adoption of mobile financial solutions is a critical economic development strategy with the potential to drive growth and increase financial access and security for the developing world’s poor population. Pilot Programs to Test Innovative Approaches, Create Impact Analysis, and Develop Replicable Opportunities for Scale. Safety and security are critical to the successful adoption of mobile digital money.

Extreme Scale Computing

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

By the late 1980s, these complex and expensive technologies ran out of gas. The DOE town halls and workshops have identified the opportunity for exascale computing to revolutionize the way we approach challenges in energy research , environmental sustainability and national security. Tags: Cloud Computing Complex Systems Innovation Political Issues Society and Culture Supercomputing Technology and Strategy

Machine and Human Intelligence

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Computer vision is used in a variety of applications, from security systems to digital cameras. For example, researchers are developing sophisticated question-answering systems, which can successfully analyze the nuances and context embedded in a complex, natural language question and come up with the right answer. Such smart/intelligence kind of systems hold great promise to help us deal with our increasingly complex world.

The Power of Pull

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Now they have turned their attention from analysis to prescription. The kinds of changes so well articulated and quantified in The Big Shift have led to a much more complex, integrated and fast changing world. Such a world, - with its large number and variety of components along with their intricate interrelationships, - exhibits all the properties of dynamic, complex systems, including unpredictable, counter-intuitive and emergent behaviors.

Using Agile Processes to Develop AI-Based Solutions

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In the waterfall development model , a project is broken down into a set of sequential phases, - e.g., conception, analysis, design, construction, testing, deployment, maintenance, - each dependent on the completion of the previous phase. Such a model is most appropriate for complex engineering projects, like bridges, airplanes and computer hardware. Their complexity goes way up the smarter we want the systems to be.