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Innovation and National Security in the 21st Century

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The Task Force noted that leadership in innovation, research and technology since World War II has made the US the most secure and economically prosperous nation on earth. The US has successfully responded to technological competition in the past.

How Can Blockchain Become a Truly Transformative Technology?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I first became interested in blockchain technologies when in 2016 the World Economic Forum (WEF) named The Blockchain in its annual list of Top Ten Emerging Technologies citing its potential to fundamentally change the way markets and governments work.

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Educational Research in Learning Technology

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

Kerr in this recent post , about how research in educational technology could be improved, but I have disagreements around the edges, enough that I think more discussion is warranted. Here are just a few: - access - it is demonstrably true that educational technology has increased access.

The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2016

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

For the past several years, the World Economic Forum (WEF) has published an annual list of the Top Ten Emerging Technologies that would likely have the greatest impact on the world in the years to come. The list is compiled by the WEF Meta-Council on Emerging Technologies , a panel of global experts led by Dr. Bernard Meyerson , - IBM Fellow and Chief Innovation Officer. The technologies on the list are not new.

The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2017

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Earlier this year, Scientific American , in collaboration with the World Economic Forum , published a special report on The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2017. These technologies, - selected by a global panel of experts , - “are expected to become increasingly commonplace in the next few years,” and are “attracting increased funding or showing other signs of being ready to move to the next level.”. The full report includes a one-page description of each of these technologies.

On the Complex Evolution toward Mobile Digital Payments

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

On September 9, Apple announced Apple Pay , an easy, secure way to make mobile payments using their latest devices , - the iPhone 6’s and Apple Watch. Apple Pay is embracing a number of industry standards , including NFC (near-field communications) for contact-less payments; Secure Element , a dedicated device chip; and network-based tokenization to protect sensitive financial data.

The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2017

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Earlier this year, Scientific American , in collaboration with the World Economic Forum , published a special report on The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2017. These technologies, - selected by a global panel of experts , - “are expected to become increasingly commonplace in the next few years,” and are “attracting increased funding or showing other signs of being ready to move to the next level.”. The full report includes a one-page description of each of these technologies.

Ten IT Predictions for the Post-Pandemic New Normal

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The acceleration of digital transformations triggered by COVID-19 is causing companies to reevaluate their relationships with technology and service providers given the major transitions taking place in the overall IT ecosystem.

An Increasingly Digital “New Normal”

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

About a dozen years ago, I attended a conference where I was interviewed on stage by then WSJ technology columnist Walter Mossberg. Adoption of new technologies and working models.

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Could AI Reshape the Global Balance of Power?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

But, - also like the Internet, - AI is a general purpose technology that can be used for a wide variety of applications, many of them beneficial, but others potentially threatening. AI has the potential to significantly advance national security. Technology Advantages.

The Real Business of Blockchain

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

It combined a number of existing technologies and methods into a truly innovative architecture. Blockchain encrypts all the data stored in the ledger as well as the data flowing over the network using public and private keys technologies.

Would a Distributed Model of Government be More Suitable for a Complex, Diverse 21st Century Democracy?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I mentioned three such key forces: the structural changes and employment challenges our economy is going through; the changing demographics and emergence of a kind of new establishment in US society; and the technology-amplified, free-for-all conversations taking place through our multitude of information and communication channels. If large global companies have had to embrace a more distributed management style, why not large, complex governments?

The Transformative Power of Blockchain

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

This is not unusual for potentially transformative technologies in their early stages, as was the case with the Internet in the early-mid 1990s. The key question is whether blockchain has the potential to become a truly transformative technology over time. Security. “Enterprise blockchains are fault-tolerant. The intermediation between third parties is handled by distributed ledger and transparency, and transactions integrity with security and cryptography.”.

Blockchain - the Networked Ecosystem is the Business

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

This is not unusual for potentially transformative technologies in their early stages, as was the case with the Internet, and is still the case with AI. The key question is whether blockchain has the potential to become a truly transformative technology over time. For example, e-mail and the Web played a crucial role in the mainstream adoption of the Internet in the early-to-mid 1990s.

Post-Pandemic, Is the World Likely to Become Significantly Less Flat?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Many of the companies and technologies that were part of every day conversations in 2011, - Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, smartphones, cloud computing, big data, broadband wireless Internet, - weren’t mentioned in his book because they had not yet been born or were still in their infancy.

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New Directions for Government in the Digital Age

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Companies - especially large, global corporations - have leveraged digital innovations to improve their productivity and competitiveness and adapt better to these powerful technology and market changes. Ensure security, privacy, autonomy, and citizen-owned identities.

Is Blockchain Ready to “Cross the Chasm”? Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Earlier this year, IBM conducted the largest study to date on the state of adoption of blockchain. These survey results are not surprising for a technology as new and complex as blockchain. With such technologies, you typically have a relatively small number of early adopters. A larger number of followers are waiting to learn from the early adopters’ experiences, while the laggards are not yet sure what the technology is about or if it applies to them.

Towards a Trusted Framework for Identity and Data Sharing

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As the economy and society move toward a world where interactions are primarily governed by digital data and transactions, our existing methods of managing identity and data security are proving inadequate. These include social security ID, passport number, driver’s license number, e-mail address, telephone numbers, and login IDs and passwords. The optimal technology for such an inherently safe data ecosystem is currently being built and tested [in] MIT’s Enigma project.”.

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The Economic Value of Digital Identity

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In a world that’s increasingly governed by digital transactions and data, our existing methods for managing security and privacy are proving inadequate. Protects user privacy and ensures control over personal data: includes strong privacy and security safeguards, while giving users access to, and control over who can access their data. But, like other innovations, digital ID technologies can be used both to benefits society and for undesirable purposes.

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Platforms, Blockchains, and the Evolution of Trust

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

What’s new is the impact of technology, platforms and blockchain in particular, on the growing on-demand economy. She’s also a co-founder of COALA , the Coalition of Automated Legal Applications, a multidisciplinary initiative focused on the impact of blockchain technologies on society. Recently, a new technology has emerged that could change this imbalance. Trust is one of the key attributes associated with blockchain technologies.

The Economic Potential of The Internet of Things

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Like many technological advances, the Internet of Things (IoT) has been long in coming. Given the breadth and complex nature of IoT-based solutions, quantifying their potential value is very difficult indeed, especially since such smart solutions , - e.g., smart cities , smart homes , smart healthcare , - are still in the very early stages of development. Home - Energy management, security, safety, and automation of home chores. Privacy, Security, Confidentiality and IP.

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The Urgent Need to Strengthen the Nation’s Resilience

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

These included a significant expansion of government support for scientific research in universities and R&D labs, leading to product innovations from the private sector and better weapons from the defense industry, - and making the US the most prosperous and secure nation in the world.

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Blockchain and the Promise of an Open, Decentralized Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

His article aims to explain what blockchain, cryptocurrencies and related technologies are all about as well as their potential impact on the economy and society. These are not only complex but esoteric subjects, as nicely illustrated in this funny video. In their early years, it’s hard for most people to appreciate the potential of a transformative technology.

Blockchain Beyond the Hype

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The Economist ’s overall conclusion was that “Bitcoin has been a failure as a means of payment, but thrilling for speculators.” Its assessment of blockchain was somewhat more positive. “For blockchains, the jury is still out,… For all the technology’s potential, though, most attempts to use it remain tentative,… The advantages of blockchains are often oversold.” . In 2016, blockchain made the list of the World Economic Forum ’s Top Ten Emerging Technologies.

Impact of AI on Government - Opportunities and Challenges

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

More than 80 different federal occupations, employing over 130,000 workers, are likely be significantly transformed, including 30,000 in the Treasury Department, 16,000 in Defense, and 5,000 in Transportation, as well as a variety of occupations in independent agencies like the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Government Publishing Office. Top AI challenges include bias, security, transparency, employee knowledge, and federal budget and procurement processes.

Is Blockchain the Major Next Step in the Evolution of the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

It’s taken a a few additional innovations, - e.g., smartphones, social media, cloud computing, big data, IoT, - for its historical impact to be fully evident, but by now, most everyone agrees that the Internet has become one of the most transformative technologies the world has ever seen, - right up there with electricity, telecommunications, cars and airplanes. To take its major next step, the Internet must overcome three such serious limitations: security, complexity, and trust.

The Identity Challenge: On the Internet, Nobody Knows You're a Dog

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I recently read Better Identity in America , a report by the Better Identity Coalition , an organization launched earlier this year to focus on promoting the development and adoption of solutions for identity verification and authentication. The report outlines a policy agenda for improving the privacy and security of digital systems and help combat identity fraud. Change the way America uses the Social Security Number.

How Will AI Likely Impact How We Work, Live and Play?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Home/Service Robots. “Over the next fifteen years, coincident advances in mechanical and AI technologies promise to increase the safe and reliable use and utility of home robots in a typical North American city.”. Low-resource communities. “With targeted incentives and funding priorities, AI technologies could help address the needs of low- resource communities.”. People have long worried about the impact of technology on employment.

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On the Governance of Blockchain: Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

However, this extraordinary technology may be stalled, sidetracked, captured or otherwise suboptimized depending on how all the stakeholders behave in stewarding this set of resources - i.e. how it is governed,” they add in a strong note of caution. “How Is it a currency, commodity or technology? e-mail in the mid-late 1980s and the Web a few years later played a crucial role in the widespread commercial adoption of the Internet.

Blockchain Killer-Apps

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Spreadsheets and word processing were major factors in the 1980s adoption of personal computers, for example. Blockchain has yet to cross the chasm from technology enthusiasts and visionaries to the wider marketplace that’s more interested in business value and applications. And, given that blockchain is all about the creation, exchange and management of valuable assets, its applications are significantly more complex to understand and explain than Internet applications.

The Emergence of a Blockchain-Based Token Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Blockchain Revolution , published in May of 2016 by Don Tapscott and Alex Tapscott , was one of the first books that explained the promise of blockchain technologies to the general public. The Internet was designed to move information, but it’s lacked the necessary trust, security and privacy safeguards to move assets of value. Ethereum is the leading blockchain-based platform technology, which has boosted the value of its associated Ether cryptocurrency. Security tokens.

The Promise and Current State of Blockchain

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I welcomed the opportunity to learn how these real-world executives feel about blockchain, as well as how to best communicate the promise and current state of this emerging and potentially transformative technology. I said that I look at the value of blockchain through two complementary lenses: enhancing the security of the Internet, and reducing the inefficiencies and overheads in applications, like supply chains, involving multiple institutions.

Mobile Payments - a Long, Relentless War of Attrition

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

It was positioned as a relatively easy, secure way to pay for purchases in physical stores as well as online using a variety of supported Apple devices including iPhones, iPads, Macs and Apple Watch. Apple Pay embraced a number of industry standards, including NFC (near-field communications) for contact-less payments; secure element , a dedicated device chip; and network-based tokenization to protect sensitive financial data. It’s not concerns over security or ease-of-use.

Blockchain and Business Process Transformation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Companies and industries also took decades to learn how to reap the productivity benefits of previous transformative technologies, like the steam engine and electricity. In their 2009 book Wired for Innovation: How Information Technology is Rewiring the Economy , Erik Brynjolfsson and Adam Saunders introduced the concept of organizational capital as the necessary critical ingredient that enabled a company to take full advantage of major technology advances.

Is Blockchain Ready to “Cross the Chasm”? Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Earlier this year, IBM conducted the largest study to date on the state of adoption of blockchain. These survey results are not surprising for a technology as new and complex as blockchain. With such technologies, you typically have a relatively small number of early adopters. A larger number of followers are waiting to learn from the early adopters’ experiences, while the laggards are not yet sure what the technology is about or if it applies to them.

Shaping the Future of the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

That year saw the adoption of TCP/IP , - the communications protocol that defines the Internet to this day. As is the case with any complex system, the Internet’s design has been the result of many different choices. For example, u ntil the adoption of IPv6 in the late 1990s, there was a serious concern that we would soon run out of IP addresses. As a result, there’s no one overall owner responsible for security , - arguably the biggest challenge facing the Internet.

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The Evolution of the Internet of Very Smart Things

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

These factors eventually led to significantly increased management complexities and costs. This transformation is driven by the continuing advances of technology. To overcome these major challenges we must fundamentally rethink the IoT’s technology strategies, business models and overall designs. Cloud Computing Complex Systems Data Science and Big Data Economic Issues Innovation Services Innovation Smart Systems Society and Culture Technology and Strategy

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Blockchain Killer-Apps

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Spreadsheets and word processing were major factors in the 1980s adoption of personal computers, for example. Blockchain has yet to cross the chasm from technology enthusiasts and visionaries to the wider marketplace that’s more interested in business value and applications. And, given that blockchain is all about the creation, exchange and management of valuable assets, its applications are significantly more complex to understand and explain than Internet applications.

Should Your Company Get on the Blockchain Learning Curve Now or Wait?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In particular, I asked whether blockchain is ready to cross the chasm from its early adopters, - who are already involved with blockchain in one way or another, - to the considerably larger set of mainstream users who may be considering blockchain but are waiting for results and assurances before jumping in. It’s still in its early adopters stage, - perhaps akin to the Internet in the late1980s. A few weeks ago I wrote about the current state of blockchain.

The MIT Intelligence Quest

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

MIT IQ aims “to discover the foundations of human intelligence and drive the development of technological tools that can positively influence virtually every aspect of society.”. AI was reborn in the 1990s when it adopted a more applied, engineering-oriented paradigm. Financial markets have been significantly transformed by the major advances in technology over the past two decades, e.g., big data, faster and cheaper computers, greater connectivity and machine learning algorithms.

The Promise and Current State of Blockchain

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I welcomed the opportunity to learn how these real-world executives feel about blockchain, as well as how to best communicate the promise and current state of this emerging and potentially transformative technology. I said that I look at the value of blockchain through two complementary lenses: enhancing the security of the Internet, and reducing the inefficiencies and overheads in applications, like supply chains, involving multiple institutions.

Blockchain and the Promise of an Open, Decentralized Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

His article aims to explain what blockchain, cryptocurrencies and related technologies are all about as well as their potential impact on the economy and society. These are not only complex but esoteric subjects, as nicely illustrated in this funny video. In their early years, it’s hard for most people to appreciate the potential of a transformative technology.

The Emergence of a Blockchain-Based Token Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Blockchain Revolution , published in May of 2016 by Don Tapscott and Alex Tapscott , was one of the first books that explained the promise of blockchain technologies to the general public. The Internet was designed to move information, but it’s lacked the necessary trust, security and privacy safeguards to move assets of value. Ethereum is the leading blockchain-based platform technology, which has boosted the value of its associated Ether cryptocurrency. Security tokens.