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Innovation and National Security in the 21st Century

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The Task Force noted that leadership in innovation, research and technology since World War II has made the US the most secure and economically prosperous nation on earth. economic competitiveness and national security.”.

Blockchain - the Networked Ecosystem is the Business

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The essence of blockchain, notes the report , is that the unit of competition is the networked ecosystem , no longer a single enterprise. “As blockchain adoption continues to gather momentum, organizations must approach their blockchain strategies with the same rigor and commitment as any other new and transformative strategies. In search of value - From “The Network is the Computer” to “The Ecosystem is the Business”.

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On the Complex Evolution toward Mobile Digital Payments

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

On September 9, Apple announced Apple Pay , an easy, secure way to make mobile payments using their latest devices , - the iPhone 6’s and Apple Watch. Apple Pay is embracing a number of industry standards , including NFC (near-field communications) for contact-less payments; Secure Element , a dedicated device chip; and network-based tokenization to protect sensitive financial data.

The Current State of Cloud Computing

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

What’s the current state of cloud computing? “The need for superior speed and agility continues to push companies toward cloud adoption,” said a recent McKinsey article, Debunking seven common myths about cloud. Security of in-house data centers is superior to the security on cloud.

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Ten IT Predictions for the Post-Pandemic New Normal

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Remediate and adapt : “Identify shortcomings in existing IT environments such as decision support systems, remote work, and business/IT resiliency as well as addressing shortcomings in areas such as connectivity/security introduced during initial emergency responses.”.

Could AI Reshape the Global Balance of Power?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

serious mistakes and unintended consequences if public and private sector institutions adopt powerful AI technologies before they’re ready. AI has the potential to significantly advance national security. Apply AI to National Security Missions.

New Directions for Government in the Digital Age

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

A month later, McKinsey & Company added , “We have vaulted five years forward in consumer and business digital adoption in a matter of around eight weeks.”. Ensure security, privacy, autonomy, and citizen-owned identities.

How Can Blockchain Become a Truly Transformative Technology?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As firms increasingly rely on supply chain partners for many of the functions once done in-house, managing their increasingly complex operations across a network of interconnected institutions has become major challenge.

The Urgent Need to Strengthen the Nation’s Resilience

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

These included a significant expansion of government support for scientific research in universities and R&D labs, leading to product innovations from the private sector and better weapons from the defense industry, - and making the US the most prosperous and secure nation in the world.

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The Transformative Power of Blockchain

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The second camp, - best characterized by Hyperledger , - is mostly interested in business applications, and is based on the use of private or public permissioned blockchains networks to handle interactions between institutions that are known each other. It succinctly defines blockchain as “a shared, decentralized, cryptographically secured, and immutable digital ledger,” and then adds a few key attributes that are particularly important to enterprise blockchains: Accountability.

Content Delivery Networks

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

There are 1450 points of presence (POPs), 950 networks or ISPs in 67 countries. Where the content is not served by an ‘Akamai Accelerated Network Partner’ the request is subjected to a more general ‘core point analysis’. The photos below show the network before and after the inauguration (yellow is slow, and red is dead). There are two major approaches: First, network topology. To optimize security on the server: disk and disk cached are managed directly.

Networks, Power and Ethics

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

but rather, the degree to which they are entrenched - how stuubornly autonomous individual entities are by nature or temperament, how 'power-wielding' form of contact or interaction are available through the connections in a given network, the nature and inclination of given entities to wield power, etc., This gives us a way of describing different types of networks in term of the degree to which power may be wielded in those networks. The network gradually becomes inert.

Is Blockchain Ready to “Cross the Chasm”? Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Earlier this year, IBM conducted the largest study to date on the state of adoption of blockchain. These survey results are not surprising for a technology as new and complex as blockchain. With such technologies, you typically have a relatively small number of early adopters. A larger number of followers are waiting to learn from the early adopters’ experiences, while the laggards are not yet sure what the technology is about or if it applies to them.

Platforms, Blockchains, and the Evolution of Trust

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The on-demand economy wouldn’t be possible without the mobile devices and platforms that enable peer-to-peer transactions among individuals any time and place; the digital payment systems that reliably and securely broker the transactions between buyers and sellers; and the social reputation systems , where people rank buyers and sellers, - a critical requirement for the smooth functioning of collaborative markets like Airbnb.

Blockchain and the Promise of an Open, Decentralized Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

These are not only complex but esoteric subjects, as nicely illustrated in this funny video. There’s generally a considerable time-lag between the time we start reading articles about their exciting potential and their adoption by companies and industries across the marketplace. People knew that it was a kind of network originally developed by DARPA , an agency of the US Department of Defense, that was now widely used in universities and research labs.

The Economic Potential of The Internet of Things

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Ubiquitous or Pervasive Computing dates back to the 1990s, when neither the necessary low-cost devices nor ubiquitous wireless networking were anywhere near ready. Given the breadth and complex nature of IoT-based solutions, quantifying their potential value is very difficult indeed, especially since such smart solutions , - e.g., smart cities , smart homes , smart healthcare , - are still in the very early stages of development. Privacy, Security, Confidentiality and IP.

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Blockchain Beyond the Hype

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Blockchain is still in its early phases of experimentation and adoption. A distributed database or ledger that is shared by participants in an ecosystem over a public or private computing network. Every piece of information in the ledger is secure because it’s encrypted using public-key cryptography , which can only be decrypted with the appropriate private key. But there are significant drawbacks, including performance and complexity.

The Identity Challenge: On the Internet, Nobody Knows You're a Dog

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I recently read Better Identity in America , a report by the Better Identity Coalition , an organization launched earlier this year to focus on promoting the development and adoption of solutions for identity verification and authentication. The report outlines a policy agenda for improving the privacy and security of digital systems and help combat identity fraud. Change the way America uses the Social Security Number.

Is Blockchain the Major Next Step in the Evolution of the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The adoption process of foundational technologies like the Internet and blockchain is gradual, incremental and steady, because they must overcome many different kinds of barriers, - technological, organizational, governance, political. To take its major next step, the Internet must overcome three such serious limitations: security, complexity, and trust. Security . Security standards are necessary, but not sufficient. Complexity.

On the Governance of Blockchain: Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

How we govern the internet of information as a global resource serves as a model for how to govern this new resource: through a multi-stakeholder approach using what we call global governance networks.”. Blockchain is in its’s early stages, perhaps akin to the Internet in the 1980s, when somewhat different versions of TCP/IP networks were being used by research communities, government labs and universities, and the Internet or network of networks was still being organized.

The Promise and Current State of Blockchain

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I said that I look at the value of blockchain through two complementary lenses: enhancing the security of the Internet, and reducing the inefficiencies and overheads in applications, like supply chains, involving multiple institutions. The Internet is fundamentally a general purpose network platform supporting a remarkable variety of applications. There’s no one overall owner responsible for security , - arguably the biggest challenge facing the Internet today.

Mobile Payments - a Long, Relentless War of Attrition

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

It was positioned as a relatively easy, secure way to pay for purchases in physical stores as well as online using a variety of supported Apple devices including iPhones, iPads, Macs and Apple Watch. Apple Pay embraced a number of industry standards, including NFC (near-field communications) for contact-less payments; secure element , a dedicated device chip; and network-based tokenization to protect sensitive financial data. It’s not concerns over security or ease-of-use.

Shaping the Future of the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

That year saw the adoption of TCP/IP , - the communications protocol that defines the Internet to this day. As is the case with any complex system, the Internet’s design has been the result of many different choices. Fundamentally, the Internet is a general purpose data network supporting a remarkable variety of applications. For example, u ntil the adoption of IPv6 in the late 1990s, there was a serious concern that we would soon run out of IP addresses.

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Is Blockchain Ready to “Cross the Chasm”? Lessons from the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Earlier this year, IBM conducted the largest study to date on the state of adoption of blockchain. These survey results are not surprising for a technology as new and complex as blockchain. With such technologies, you typically have a relatively small number of early adopters. A larger number of followers are waiting to learn from the early adopters’ experiences, while the laggards are not yet sure what the technology is about or if it applies to them.

The Emergence of a Blockchain-Based Token Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The Internet was designed to move information, but it’s lacked the necessary trust, security and privacy safeguards to move assets of value. The updated edition explains some of these recent developments in a new preface, including cryptoassets, permissioned networks, identity and supply chains. Security tokens. Cryptocurrency: the idea that networks can securely transfer value without central points of control. “Bitcoin showed that something valuable?

Blockchain Killer-Apps

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Spreadsheets and word processing were major factors in the 1980s adoption of personal computers, for example. And, given that blockchain is all about the creation, exchange and management of valuable assets, its applications are significantly more complex to understand and explain than Internet applications. Complex Transactions Among Institutions. However, transforming the highly complex global financial ecosystem will take considerable investment and time.

The Evolution of the Internet of Very Smart Things

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Cisco defines fog computing as “a highly virtualized platform that provides compute, storage, and networking services between end devices and traditional Cloud Computing Data Centers, typically, but not exclusively located at the edge of network.” In cloud, the data generated by the smart sensors at the edges is transferred and stored in the center, where it’s analyzed, and the appropriate actions then flow back across the network.

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The Promise and Current State of Blockchain

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

I said that I look at the value of blockchain through two complementary lenses: enhancing the security of the Internet, and reducing the inefficiencies and overheads in applications, like supply chains, involving multiple institutions. The Internet is fundamentally a general purpose network platform supporting a remarkable variety of applications. There’s no one overall owner responsible for security , - arguably the biggest challenge facing the Internet today.

The Slow, Steady March Towards Digital Money

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As in previous years, the Symposium convened a group of leaders in their field to explore the state of adoption of digital money and its economic and societal impacts around the world. . Last year’s symposium introduced the Digital Money Readiness Index , a set of global metrics to help quantify digital money adoption based on various measures of socio-economic development. Digital money adoption is a slow changing, long haul commitment. .

Blockchain and the Promise of an Open, Decentralized Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

These are not only complex but esoteric subjects, as nicely illustrated in this funny video. There’s generally a considerable time-lag between the time we start reading articles about their exciting potential and their adoption by companies and industries across the marketplace. People knew that it was a kind of network originally developed by DARPA , an agency of the US Department of Defense, that was now widely used in universities and research labs.

Blockchain Killer-Apps

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Spreadsheets and word processing were major factors in the 1980s adoption of personal computers, for example. And, given that blockchain is all about the creation, exchange and management of valuable assets, its applications are significantly more complex to understand and explain than Internet applications. Complex Transactions Among Institutions. However, transforming the highly complex global financial ecosystem will take considerable investment and time.

The Emergence of a Blockchain-Based Token Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The Internet was designed to move information, but it’s lacked the necessary trust, security and privacy safeguards to move assets of value. The updated edition explains some of these recent developments in a new preface, including cryptoassets, permissioned networks, identity and supply chains. Security tokens. Cryptocurrency: the idea that networks can securely transfer value without central points of control. “Bitcoin showed that something valuable?

The Blockchain and Open Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Lest we forget, the Internet started out as a DARPA sponsored project aimed at developing a robust, fault-tolerant computer network. ARPANET was launched in 1969, and by the mid-1980s, it had grown and evolved into NSFNET , a network widely used in the academic and research communities. For example, it allows securities to be settled in minutes instead of days. Transformational innovations don’t always play out as originally envisioned.

Platforms, Blockchains, and the Evolution of Trust

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The on-demand economy wouldn’t be possible without the mobile devices and platforms that enable peer-to-peer transactions among individuals any time and place; the digital payment systems that reliably and securely broker the transactions between buyers and sellers; and the social reputation systems , where people rank buyers and sellers, - a critical requirement for the smooth functioning of collaborative markets like Airbnb.

The Top Ten Emerging Technologies of 2016

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Ubiquitous Computing dates back to the 1990s, when neither the necessary low-cost devices nor wireless networks were anywhere near ready. But the many benefits of self-driving cars and trucks are so compelling that their widespread adoption is a question of when, not if.”. Artificial Intelligence Complex Systems Economic Issues Innovation Smart Systems Technology and Strategy

The Continuing Evolution of Cloud Computing

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Early adopters viewed cloud as computing-on-demand. Skeptics are still not convinced that cloud can provide the necessary security, reliability, privacy and governance. So now when we ask about cloud, most companies say that their cloud environment is as secure, if not more secure, than their traditional infrastructure.” . Don’t forget the network : Connectivity is critical to the success of cloud projects, especially for mission-critical workloads.

The Future of Financial Services

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The wide adoption of the Internet in the 1990s led not only to online banking, but paved the way for e-commerce. . Smart mobile devices, broadband wireless networks, cloud-based services and big data are now ushering the next major phase in the evolution of FS. Privacy and security become key competitive advantages.

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The Digital Evolution Index

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Measurements include available bandwidth, access to digital content, security of transactions, business use of IT, consumer financial services, and quality of roads. Indicators include investment in digital ecosystems, business focus on customer service, adoption of new technologies, ease of creating startups, and venture capital availability. .

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Five Myths of Social Learning

Xyleme

Home > Social Learning > Five Myths of Social Learning Five Myths of Social Learning December 3rd, 2009 Goto comments Leave a comment There is no question that the rise of social networks is creating a profound shift in the way training departments are delivering knowledge to their employees, partners, and customers. revolution has brought learning networks front and center with “ Connect and Communicate ” becoming the new mantra for training organizations.

A Kind of Digital “Perfect Storm”

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

We seem to be heading toward a kind of digital perfect storm , where four major IT trends are each gathering speed while interacting with and amplifying each other: mobile devices, cloud computing, social networks and big data and analytics. Mobile is furthest along while cloud adoption is taking off. And while consumer social networks have been thriving for years, their use in business has been slower than expected. .

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En Route to the Cashless Society

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

For mobile banking, the idea is to make it possible for almost anyone to open and use a no-frills savings account and, through a network of associated merchants, make transactions. Similarly , this past June, the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and Citi announced a partnership aimed at accelerating mobile money adoption in developing countries.

The USAID-Citi Mobile Money Alliance

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Last month, the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and Citi announced a partnership aimed at accelerating mobile money adoption in developing countries. USAID and Citi share a common belief that expanding the adoption of mobile financial solutions is a critical economic development strategy with the potential to drive growth and increase financial access and security for the developing world’s poor population.

Information, Money and Related Subjects

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

In the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, mainframes, minicomputers, data networks, transaction processing and data bases enabled financial innovations like ATMs and credit cards. Then in the 1990s, the wide adoption of the Internet and World Wide Web led not only to online banking, but paved the way for online shopping and e-commerce in general. End users benefit from free, personalised consumer experiences such as Internet search, social networking or buying recommendations.”.

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