Welcome to 2020 Tools News

Jane Hart

In 2020 we’ll be highlighting some tools for learning in a series of blog posts. Some tools may already appear on the Top Tools for Learning 2019 list, others may be new to the list.

News 130

Wherefore, part the second

Dave Snowden

In the first of these articles, I looked at Borton’s W³ question from the 1970s and more recent adaptations (with varying degrees of acknowledgment of their source) by Driscoll, Eoyang and Liberating Structures.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

The State of AI Adoption - High Performers Show the Way

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

For the past few years, the McKinsey Global Institute has been conducting a yearly survey to assess the state of AI adoption. Its 2017 survey of over 3,000 AI-aware executive found that outside the technology sector, AI adoption was at an early, often experimental stage.

Wherefore, part the first

Dave Snowden

We tend to read ‘ wherefore ’ as a question asking where something is, but the meaning is actually for what , or why as in “ Wherefore was I born” (Shakespeare, Richard III Act 2 scene 3) and Juliet’s more famous rendering which is attempting to locate her love but to ask why does he have to be a Montague; remember it is followed by “What’s in a name? That which we call a rose By any other name would smell as sweet.” In this two-part post, my first since the Christmas series, I want to take a look at the three-part question What? So What? Now What? which is deceptively simple and can easily tend to the simplistic. It appears in Liberating Structures without (as is all too common in that otherwise useful tool) without attribution. It is more commonly attributed to Glenda Eoyang’s Adaptive Action but its first formulation goes back to Terry Borton in 1970 and it was then developed by John Driscoll in the context of clinical practice which is where I suspect Glenda got it, but I could be wrong there. I’ve put the three representations in rough date order to the right of the text below. Basically I want to ask the wherefore question as to its use and (tomorrow) map it to all five domains of Cynefin. Just to give you a taster, my argument is that the linear use of the three-part question effectively sits in the confused or unordered domain of Cynefin. It is probably worth starting with the Driscoll sequence in the context of clinical care. He links it to a learning cycle which is represented in the following stages: Having an Experience. WHAT? describe event, then … Purposefully reflect on the selected aspects of the experience. SO WHAT? conduct an analysis of the event … Discover the learning arising from this process of reflection. NOW WHAT? Determine proposed actions following the event. Enact the new learning from that experience in clinical practice. Then loop back to the start. Adaptive action (Eoyang) aims to conduct multiple connected iterations of the three questions in allow coherence over the system to emerge as “the parts use simple rules to guide their work toward shared goals (my emphasis). The process focuses on the identification of patterns and use of the CDE (Containers, Differences, Exchanges) to understand what is generating those patterns and the link to Plan-Do-Check-Act is made although it is not named as the Deming cycle. Amplification and dampening of those patterns, shaping new patterns are all up there as actions. The process is based on workshops, discussions and (I assume) learned individual behaviour. While the process is linear it does have multiple interconnections and the Now What? stage can trigger other stages and so on. Coherence for Glenda is all about “internal fitness” and adaptive means “external fitness’. Defining terms in complexity work is key as, at the moment, everyone is using the language in different ways. Once you are at the Now What? stage, the process becomes a familiar set of project management questions and task assignment: who is doing what, how long will it take with what resource, who has to be involved, what will it mean to complete and (importantly) how will this trigger a new What? the whole idea is that nothing ever ends. Finally, the Liberating structures guys revert to the linear, overlaying a systems dynamics model on to W³. I tend to put this into the mostly harmless category as they are focused on workshop experiences. That said having recently watched some Liberating Structures facilitators tear the heart out of Future Backwards by conforming it to the goal-based idealism of systems dynamics was depressing. Given that they attributed it to me and asked for my endorsement I think I was fairly restrained in my response. Now there may be other uses – if so please post them. I can be positive and negative about the three that I have listed. Tomorrow I ended to map W³ to Cynefin using (for the first time) the five Cs namely Clear, Complicated, Complex, Chaotic and Confused. I will argue that all the above – given that they are universal and in part linear – while useful are not energy efficient. But that is for tomorrow. My apologies for the absence of blog posts but I have been busy on various things including design of next generation of SenseMaker® which has me more excited than I’ve been for a long time. A complete shift away from a survey like platform to a radical new approach to distributed decision support; current SenseMaker® will simply be one instance of something more sophisticated. We expect to open up for participation in a couple of months. Otherwise, I am going to try and get back to posting here at least once a week, ideally more. Acknowledgments. The Letter W in the text is by Leo Reynolds discovered in Flickr as is the banner picture , both and used under the terms a creative commons license. The post Wherefore, part the first appeared first on Cognitive Edge. musing Polemic

Can Democracy and Free Markets Survive in the Coming Age of AI?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Can technology plan economies and destroy democracy?

Data 190

Death to Zombies!

Clark Quinn

Last week, I ranted about a myth that seems inextinguishable. And I ran across another one in a place I shouldn’t have. And I keep seeing others, spotting them roaming around loose. Like zombies, they seem to rise from the dead. We need death to zombies. Particularly learning myth zombies!

More Myths-Based Marketing

Clark Quinn

Is it the rising lack of trust in what anyone says? Have we turned into a society where any crazy marketing works? It certainly seems that way. It was only a couple of weeks ago I went on a rant , and yet, here we are again.

Data 159

Why Some AI Efforts Succeed While Many Fail

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Winning with AI , - a 2019 report based on a survey jointly conducted by the MIT Sloan Management Review and the Boston Consulting Group , - found that 90% of respondents agree that AI represents a business opportunity for their company.

Survey 190

Spam Silliness

Clark Quinn

(Ok, so I’m feeling silly , and feel free to tune out.) On my home computer, I have a spam filter. However, I can’t put one on my tablet and phone, so there I see much more of the spam. And I’m often on those devices, not the computer.

Search 159

Twelvetide 19:10 The MIT Bookstore

Dave Snowden

The first nine posts in this series have been largely personal although I started to explore some of the formative management influences which carried over into the current body of theory and practice which is Cynefin in my sixth post.

working smarter

Harold Jarche

For the past several centuries we have used human labour to do what machines cannot. First the machines caught up with us and surpassed humans with their brute force. Now they are surpassing us with their brute intelligence.

a mixed bag

Harold Jarche

Every fortnight I curate some of the observations and insights that were shared on social media. I call these Friday’s Finds. “Humanity’s problem today is that we have Paleolithic emotions, medieval institutions, and god-like technology.” ” —E. Wilson, via @Kpaxs.

learning about machine learning

Harold Jarche

Why is machine learning [ML] important for your business? If you work at Nokia, your Chairman can explain it to you in a one hour presentation he developed over six months of research. Risto Siilasmaa helped make his network smarter.

Data 204

leadership through cooperation

Harold Jarche

One of the few areas where most nations cooperate is in infectious disease control.

Conceptualizing AI in Human Terms is Misleading and Potentially Harmful

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

“We speak of machines that think , learn , and infer.

Data 147

curiosity yields insight

Harold Jarche

“The cure for boredom is curiosity. There is no cure for curiosity.” ” —Dorothy Parker. The core habit to successfully navigate the network era is curiosity. Curiosity about ideas improves creativity. Curiosity about people improves empathy , by understanding others.

PKM 245

How to Learn Using Technology

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

Learning with technology is different from learning with textbooks or learning with classroom instruction. In these, the focus is on understanding and remembering. It is content based. The learning objective is defined as mastery of this body of knowledge.

How To 188

Images processed 60K faster? No! And more…

Clark Quinn

Recently, I’ve run into the claim that images are processed 60K times faster than text. And, folks, it’s a myth. More over, it’s exemplary of bad practices in business. And so it’s worth pointing out what the situation is, why it’s happening, and why you should be on guard. It’s easy to find the myth. Just search on “images processed 60K times faster than text” You’ll get lots of citations, and a few debunkings.

The Internet of Things is Changing the World

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

“How the world will change as computers spread into everyday objects,” is the title of the lead article in a comprehensive review of the Internet of Things (IoT) in a r ecent issue of The Economist. Like many technological advances, IoT has been long in coming.

Change 167

Mike Taylor’s 3 Top Tools from 2019 you need to know

Jane Hart

Mike Taylor shares 3 of his favourite new discoveries from 2019 that earned a place in his 2020 tool kit. Modern Workplace Learning

Tools 130

our natural stupidity

Harold Jarche

The platform monopolists and the surveillance capitalists are at war with us, citizens of the world. They have engaged some of the best minds — from psychology, cognitive science, usability, addiction research, human factors engineering, anthropology, etc. —

The Pace of Creative Destruction is Accelerating

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

“A gale force warning to leaders: at the current churn rate, about half of S&P 500 companies will be replaced over the next ten years,” is one of the key insights from the 2018 Corporate Longevity Forecast.

Innovation and National Security in the 21st Century

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

“Countries that can harness the current wave of innovation, mitigate its potential disruptions, and capitalize on its transformative power will gain economic and military advantages over potential rivals,” was the top finding of the Innovation and National Security Task Force which was commissioned by the Council of Foreign Relations (CFR) to assess the current state of US technological innovation. The Task Force noted that leadership in innovation, research and technology since World War II has made the US the most secure and economically prosperous nation on earth. “Today, this leadership position is at risk,” the Task Force warned. Federal support and funding for R&D has stagnated over the past two decades. “Washington has failed to maintain adequate levels of public support and funding for basic science. Federal investment in R&D as a percentage of GDP peaked at 1.86 percent in 1964 but has declined from a little over 1 percent in 1990 to 0.66 percent in 2016.”. The US has successfully responded to technological competition in the past. Sputnik was a tipping point in the space race with the Soviet Union during the cold war, leading to, among other things, a significant increase in the number of graduate student fellowships in STEM disciplines, of which I was personally a beneficiary. Another prominent example is the strong economic competition from Japan in the 1980s, which the US fended off a decade later with our leadership in the Internet and other major digital innovations. But three major forces now threaten America’s economic and national security: global innovation is both accelerating and more disruptive to industries, economies and societies; many national security technologies are now developed and commercialized by private sector global supply chains and markets, making it much more difficult for the US to control their worldwide availability; and. China, - which has emerged as both a US economic partner and strategic competitor, - is significantly increasing its government-led investments in R&D and talent. A major new wave of innovation is characterized by speed, disruption, and scale. Whereas it took 50 years from the invention of the telephone before half of all American homes had one, half of all Americans had a smartphone only five years after its invention. The costs of sequencing the human genome have declined from hundreds of millions of dollars when the genome was first sequenced in 2003 to under $1,000 now. T he rate and pace of business disruption is increasing. The average time companies spent on the S&P 500 declined from 61 years in 1958 to 17 years in 2011. In ten years, it’s expected that only 25% of companies currently on the S&P will still be in it. In addition, AI and automation are leading to major changes in the workforce. A 2017 McKinsey study concluded that while less that less than 10% of occupations will be entirely automated by 2030, 60% of jobs will be transformed through the automation of a significant fraction of their component tasks. The study noted that “while there may be enough work to maintain full employment to 2030 under most scenarios, the transitions will be very challenging - matching or even exceeding the scale of shifts out of agriculture and manufacturing we have seen in the past.”. Let me summarize some of the major findings of the CFR-sponsored Task Force. US decades-old leadership in innovation and R&D is now at risk. The reasons, include decreased federal funding of R&D; a lack of strong education initiatives at home; immigration barriers that make it hard to attract and retain talented foreign students and workers; and trade policies that are alienating previous friends, allies and collaborators. The Defense Department and intelligence communities risk falling behind potential adversaries. Reasons include delays in deploying leading technologies developed by the private sector; challenges in attracting and retaining technology talent; and a “persistent cultural divide between the technology and policymaking communities.”. China is rapidly closing the technological gap with the US. “China is investing significant resources in developing new technologies, and after 2030 it will likely be the world’s largest spender on research and development.” Although it’s not likely to match US capabilities across the board, it’s expected to be a leading power in key technologies including AI, robotics, energy storage and 5G cellular networks. China is a different type of challenger than the old Soviet Union. China is both an economic partner and a strategic competitor. The US and China have both benefited from bilateral investments and trades, and China’s efforts to become a scientific and technological power could help drive global prosperity. However, “Chinese theft of intellectual property (IP) and its market-manipulating industrial policies threaten U.S. economic competitiveness and national security.”. Finally, said the Task Force, the US needs to develop a new innovation strategy based on four key pillars: Restore Federal Funding for Research and Development. Federal funding for R&D should be restored to its historical average, an increase from the present 0.7% of GDP ($146 billion) to 1.1% of GDP ($230 billion). The administration should sponsor moonshot initiatives in key areas like AI, 5G, genomics, and synthetic biology. At the same time, federal and state government should increase investments in universities by up to $20 billion a year for 5 years to support research in areas of pressing economic and national security. Attract and Educate a Science and Technology Workforce. “The White House, Congress, and academia should develop a twenty-first-century National Defense Education Act (NDEA), with the goal of expanding the pipeline of talent in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. A twenty-first-century NDEA would support up to twenty-five thousand competitive STEM undergraduate scholarships and five thousand graduate fellowships.” Special attention should be given to addressing the underrepresentation of minorities and women in STEM fields. In addition, the US should staple a green card to an advanced diploma, that is, make it easier for foreign graduates of US universities in STEM fields to remain and work in the country, as well as passing legislation to permit talented immigrants to live and work in the US. Support Technology Adoption in the Defense Sector. “ Federal agencies and each of the military services should dedicate between 0.5 and 1 percent of their budgets to the rapid integration of technology,” and “Congress should establish a new service academy, the U.S. Digital Service Academy, and a Reserve Officer Training Corps for advanced technologies (ROTC-T) to foster the next generation of tech talent.”. Bolster and Scale Technology Alliances and Ecosystems. This includes creating technology alliances for the use and control of critical emerging technologies; working with trading partners to promote the secure and free flow of data and the development of common technology standards; encouraging American companies to invest in, export to, and form R&D partnerships with firms around the world; and developing a network of international cooperative science and technology partnerships to apply leading edge technologies to shared global challenges like climate change. “During the early years of the Cold War, confronted by serious technological and military competition from the Soviet Union, the United States invested heavily in its scientific base. Those investments ensured U.S. technological leadership for fifty years. Faced with the rise of China and a new wave of disruptive technological innovation, the country needs a similar vision and an agenda for realizing it. The United States must once again make technological preeminence a national goal.”. Artificial Intelligence Complex Systems Data Science and Big Data Economic Issues Education and Talent Innovation Management and Leadership Political Issues Society and Culture Technology and Strategy

when trust is lost

Harold Jarche

When trust is lost, knowledge fails to flow. When knowledge flow is stemmed, trust is lost. There is widespread outcry in China over the death of Doctor Li Wenliang who identified the novel corona virus, was reprimanded by the police for discussing it in public, and then died from the virus.

Predicting the future

Clark Quinn

Memory’s funny. I recall attending Learning Technologies to speak on games, many years ago. And, as part of the conference, one keynote was a speaker who talked to the futility of predicting the future. And I want to push that point just a wee bit.

Signifying change

Clark Quinn

I have a persistent interest in the potential for myth and ritual for learning. In the past I sought a synthesis of what’s known as good practice (as always ;) in an area I don’t have good resources in. When I looked over 10 years ago, there wasn’t much.

Change 149

“the future of work will be based on hacking uncertainty”

Harold Jarche

In spite of the criticism about social media, I still learn a lot from a platform like Twitter. The passing of Esko Kilpi this week has me reviewing some of his wise words, and there were many. This is a series of his tweets from 2012.

Making transformation manifest

Clark Quinn

I’ve been on a ‘ transformation ‘ kick. And it occurs to me to think that it may be more marketing than meaning. One aspect is that we need to be making transformation manifest to our learners. The transformation I’m talking about is our learning experiences.

Skills 149

managers are for caring

Harold Jarche

The evidence shows that while telecommuters create positive change , the major resistance against telecommuting comes from management. Our recent report showed that many workers we surveyed viewed managerial and executive resistance to telework as a major obstacle.

Twelvetide 19:12 Hay-on-Wye

Dave Snowden

We are creating a real community and 2020 is already booked and planned. I spent a lot of time thinking about the last post in this series and there were a few candidates.

Flying to Conferences

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

I just want to take a few moments to consider Bryan Alexander's comments about flying to conferences. As most readers know, I have flown to hundreds of academic conferences over the years. So I guess I would be considered a prime offender in this regard.

skepticism and complexity

Harold Jarche

Every fortnight I curate some of the observations and insights that were shared on social media. I call these Friday’s Finds. “Skepticism: the mark and even the pose of the educated mind.” ” —John Dewey. “A developed country is not a place where the poor have cars.

Twelvetide 19:11 Annapurna Sanctury

Dave Snowden

In this penultimate blog in the series, I’ve picked something to represent my journey back to health relayed in a series of posts over the last six years. 2013 was the big year and my first blog post in which I came out on having diabetes explains some of the feelings I had at the time.

Educational Research in Learning Technology

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

In this post I discuss the nature (and weaknesses) of research in our field. I am broadly sympathetic with the arguments offered by Philip J.

rtfm

Harold Jarche

If you find that people on social media have a tendency toward anger and outrage there is one action we all can take to diffuse the situation. It’s simple, but first we have to stop and think.

Class 159

anger, outrage & belonging

Harold Jarche

The work was presented at the 2020 Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency in Barcelona this week.”

Review 159

Webinar: Five Ways to Future-Proof Your Content

Xyleme

In this joint webinar with Technology Services Industry Association (TSIA), Xyleme COO Leslie Farinella and TSIA VP of Technology Research John Ragsdale break down how to develop, manage, and maintain high-quality content as delivery channels, user expectations, and available technology continue to evolve. It’s critical that modern organizations prioritize their content development, management, delivery, and analysis processes if they want to stay ahead of emerging trends and be prepared to capitalize on new opportunities. In this webinar, we explore how realigning content management processes now can future-proof your content for the new decade, and beyond. . The post Webinar: Five Ways to Future-Proof Your Content appeared first on Xyleme. Resources Webinars

The Sustainable Development Goals and Me - Part One

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

With even the World Economic Forum embracing the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) I thought it would be an appropriate time to check my own activity and see whether I'm supporting the goals in what I do.

Mike Taylor’s 3 Top Tools from 2019 you need to know

Jane Hart

Mike Taylor shares 3 of his favourite new discoveries from 2019 that earned a place in his 2020 tool kit. Modern Workplace Learning

Tools 100

the cooperative imperative

Harold Jarche

Collaboration is working together for a common purpose, often directed externally by a boss or client. Cooperation is freely sharing with no expectation of direct reciprocity — quid pro quo.

Can phones replace classrooms for language learning?

Jane Hart

A BBC Wales post asks if apps can ever replace classroom language learning or even help revive minority or dying languages? The article discusses a number of language learning apps including Duolingo which is currently No 58 on the Top Tools for Learning.

Tools 130

3 tools Michelle Ockers added to her toolkit in 2019

Jane Hart

Michelle Ockers added the following 3 tools to her own toolkit in 2019. Modern Workplace Learning

Tools 130

Twelvetide 19:09 The Arms Park

Dave Snowden

There was little doubt that the Arm’s Park would be on this list. The shrine of Welsh Rugby over the years and the home of both the Regional side, the Cardiff Blues and Cardiff from the supporting league.

Class 130