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Scale and Complex Systemic Innovation

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

They are highly motivated to bring to market new products which offer significantly improved designs and/or lower costs, and thus gain competitive advantage and market share from the established leaders in their segment of the market.  Mandel summarizes the economic research evidence in two words: It depends. markets.”

Learning and Performance Support Systems

Stephen Downes: Half an Hour

What follows is a version of the case we presented to NRC senior executive in order to have this program approved.

How Can We Ensure that Our Complex AI Systems Do What We Want Them to Do?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Software-intensive systems are generally quite flexible, - able to evolve and adapt to changing product and market requirements.  Cyberattacks. 

Low-Cost Test and Quiz Tool Comparison

Tony Karrer

I’ve recently been working with Sameer Bhatia the CEO of ProProfs as I was going through an evaluation of various online tools that support easy, fast, low-cost testing and quiz tools. Evaluation Criteria For the specific need I was looking at, I was looking for the following out of a solution: Cost : Is the tool free or very-low cost to use?

The cost of codification

Harold Jarche

At the highest level of abstraction (you have a conversation with yourself) the cost of codification is very low as you have a 100% shared context (hopefully). On the other hand if you want to share your knowledge with everyone then the cost of codification will approach infinity. Friday's Finds

Cost 13

The Evolution of the Internet of Very Smart Things

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The cost of connectivity.  Even as revenues fail to meet expectations, costs are prohibitively high.  Not future-proof. 

Data 116

The Economic Potential of The Internet of Things

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Interoperability requires both standardization in the technology stacks, and the ability to integrate systems and platforms across vendors.  .

The Emergence of Cognitive Computing

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The colloquium, - which was part of IBM’s Centennial celebration, - brought together experts across industry and academia to discuss and debate the direction of four key Grand Challenges at the very leading edge of IT:  nano systems, exascale, big data, and cognitive computing. players, is one of the most advanced such cognitive systems

Reflections on the Longevity of Mainframes

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

At the end of August, IBM announced the latest member of its mainframe family, the zEnterprise EC12.  As pointed out in the announcement, the new system is a result of more than $1B in R&D investments over the past four years, resulting in major improvements in performance, security, availability and other key enterprise features. 

The Untethered, Hyperconnected Enterprise

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

With digital platforms, cloud and other such capabilities, the cost of experimentation is much lower than in the past, whereas the cost of missed opportunities is very high.  Unlike the academic panel, the CIOs emphasized the need for ROI analysis and careful planning, especially when considering big technology bets. 

Is There a STEM Crisis or a STEM Surplus?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Their analysis yielded the following findings: “The STEM labor market is heterogeneous. workforce. level (e.g.,

Data 77

New Tools Beget Revolutions: Big Data and the 21st Century Information-based Society

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

On May 22 I attended the 2013 MIT Sloan CIO Symposium.  All while the windows of opportunity and response will continue to shrink. 

Data 61

The Rise of the T-Shaped Organization

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Complex Systems Economic Issues Education and Talent Innovation Management and Leadership Society and Culture Technology and Strategy

“Flexible Security”: A Sensible Social Policy for our Digital Age

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

First, all important rules should be subjected to cost-benefit analysis by an independent watchdog…  More important, rules need to be much simpler.”.

Parallel Supercomputing: Past, Present and Future

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

IBM has since become a leader in supercomputing, with 160 of the top 500 systems in the latest Top500 list and 5 of the top 10. 

The Big Data Era Is Here

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

We can now leverage science and technology to help us better understand people-centric, sociotechnical systems.  Representativeness. 

Data 72

Cloud, Services and the Transformation of Production

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The value of hybrid services depends on having human capabilities augmented by increasingly sophisticated ICT systems.”  .

eLearning Costs : eLearning Technology

Tony Karrer

The course will be developed using a Lectora-style system that produces what is essentially an HTML/javascript page turner. If you are going to raise a stink, I would suggest you do it by pointing to various resources that discuss costs. Online Course Development: What Does It Cost? Is it really that simple to cost?

Embracing Disruptive Change - Why Is it So Difficult?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Complex Systems Economic Issues Innovation Management and Leadership Technology and StrategyLet me share some of my thoughts on these questions.

Realizing the Potential of the Digital Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The report introduced the Digital Evolution Index , a data-driven analysis of the unique digital trajectory being followed by each of the 50 countries. 

Business Winners: Combining Scale with Agility

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Operational excellence entails improving the existing products and services of the company with a string of incremental innovations that will add new features, lower cost and improve quality.  It means nurturing employees, business partners and customers, so they will all be happy to be associated with the company.  Companies are born. 

Big Data Takes Center Stage

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

When collecting data was costly and processing it was difficult and time consuming, the sample was a savior. 

Data 52

The Changing Nature of Globalization in Our Hyperconnected, Knowledge-Intensive Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

McKinsey’s analysis found an overall positive correlation between increased flows and GDP growth.  According to McKinsey: .

Pareto Paring - Achieving Strategic Cost Reduction

John Hagel

As revenues erode, cost cutting becomes a top priority for all firms. There is the great leveler – everyone is mandated to take the same percent out of their cost base. Most can see that this makes no sense – all costs are not equal and some parts of the business are much less productive than others. So, what is the alternative?

Leveraging the Passions of Fans

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

The analysis of all that data was then used to develop a new framework to better understand the behaviors and motivations of World Cup fans.

Strategy and Execution in an Increasingly Complex World

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Often, this is because they associate strategy with analysis and execution with getting things done, and they attribute more value to doing than to analyzing.”  . Our world is increasingly subject to failures that require systems-level and cross-systems-level thinking and approaches.  Let me say a few words about each.  .

A Data Science Approach to Organizational Health

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

A 2013 Deloitte report, Success or Struggle? Strong competitors keep appearing from all corners of the world. 

Data 21

Shaping the Future of the Internet

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

As is the case with any complex system, the Internet’s design has been the result of many different choices. The Technical is Political.

Complex Organizational Systems: Some Common Principles

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Last week I attended the second Engineering Systems Symposium at MIT.  Large-scale system challenges, he added, offer us the opportunity to reinvigorate engineering education and capture the imagination and intellect of the next generation of engineering leaders. What are the key objectives of the system?  Only 4.5

Is a College Education Still Worth It?

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Over the long run, college is cheaper than free,” remarks Leonhardt.  “Not going to college will cost you about half a million dollars.” 

The IT-based Transformation of Services

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

How can you offer higher quality offerings and overall customer service at affordable costs? While the potential for fully automated service activities will continue to expand as digital technologies continue their relentless advances, Zysman believes that hybrid systems have the most potential for innovation and deep economic transformation. 

The Science of Information-based Predictions

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

This enable the system to assign a probability to different career trajectories for the player being evaluated.  . Wizard, indeed.”  .

The right tool for the right job

Harold Jarche

However, HPT, especially performance analysis can be a useful tool, if used selectively and appropriately. Performance Improvement

Tools 57

What is stopping companies from measuring learning: Skillsets, datasets, toolsets or mindsets?


Are they simply another budget line item or overhead cost? And this is a high-stakes issue. It''s no small sum of money on the table. Datasets.

The Limits of Strategy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

first met Ernie some time in the mid 1980s when I was VP of development in IBM’s large systems division.  The leaders of DEC, Wang, HP and IBM were very smart and experienced.  “But all of them were simply overwhelmed by the profound changes in technology, cost structures, business models, and markets disrupting the computer industry.”    .

The Competitive Value of Data: From Analytics to Machine Learning

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

More recently, the European Commission has accused Google of unfair competition based on its Android mobile operating system.

The Long Term Impact of AI on Jobs - Some Lessons from History

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Governments took a century to respond with new education and welfare systems.”. What impact will AI have on jobs? How should we respond? 

Skills 136

The Employment Challenge in the US Economy

Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Complex Systems Economic Issues Innovation Management and Leadership Political Issues Society and Culture Technology and Strategynumber of eminent economists also contributed essays on Growth and Productivity.  I was truly humbled to have my essay posted alongside theirs. Here's why , by economists Michael Mandel and Susan Houseman. 

Openness: Why learners should know about, and influence, how decisions are made about their learning

George Siemens

Systems can be closed and blackboxed only once they are working well and the context in which they exist is stable. Move fast. Be bold. Be open.

Even in the Moneyball Era, Baseball’s Pundits Won’t Go Away

Andy McAfee

These geeks, who often call themselves SABRmetricians (after the Society for American Baseball Research , the Mecca of baseball statistical analysis), were certainly impressed by Cabrera’s performance, but they were even more impressed by Mike Trout, a rookie outfielder for the Angels. Two reasons.